MUSIC THROUGH THE AGES

Development Of The Piano: A Timeline
Tracing the roots of the piano to the very beginning of consciousness,
when man first became aware of sound.
Page 19 of 28 pages

Portrait of Igor Stravinsky,
c. 1937. [ 1 ]

Igor Stravinsky (1882 – 1971) — Russian Composer, Pianist, Conductor – 20th Century Period


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Library of Congress.  "Portrait of Igor Stravinsky, c. 1937."  Photograph.  From the Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division, Washington, D.C., part of the Harris & Ewing Collection, Digital ID hec 23698LOC.Gov.  Library of Congress, n.d.  Web.  29 Oct. 2015.  No Known Copyright Restrictions.

W.W. Kimball Piano Company officially became The Kimball Company, and opened a large factory.

Artur Schnabel (1882 – 1951) — Austrian Pianist, Composer, Teacher – Late Romantic / Early 20th Century Period

  • Initially studied under Hans Schmitt of Vienna Conservatory (now University of Music and Performing Arts, Vienna).
  • Studied under Theodor Leschetizky who told him “You will never be a pianist; you are a musician.” “Schnabel’s recording of the complete Beethoven piano sonatas, the first to be made, is still the benchmark by which all others are compared, and for many it remains the first choice.” [ 2 ]
  • Professor at Hochschule für Musik in Berlin.
  • His writings include Reflections on Music (1933), Music and the Line of Most Resistance (1942), and My Life and Music (1961).

Portrait of Artur Schnabel,
1906. [ 1 ]


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Gergard51.  "Portrait of Artur Schnabel, 1906."  Scan from a Book.  Original in Wilhelm Spemann’s Spemanns Goldenes Buch der Musik: eine Hauskunde feur Jedermann. Berlin & Stuttgart: Verlag von W. Spemann, 1900.  Commons Wikimedia.  Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 13 March 2006.  GFDL, and CC BY-SA 3.0.
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"Artur Schnabel."  Naxos.  Naxos Digital Services Ltd., n.d.  Web.  17 Sept. 2015.
Additional References:
  • "Artur Schnabel (1882-1951)."  Schnabel Music Foundation.  Schnabel Music Foundation, n.d.  Web.  17 Sept. 2015.

Hans von Bülow and Franz Liszt begin separate master classes: the former, teaching the works of 9 composers over a period of three years (1884-1887); the later, teaching the works of 59 composers in two years (1884-1886).

Portrait of James Scott. [ 1 ]

James Scott (1885 – 1938) — American Composer, Teacher, Ragtime Pianist – 20th Century Period


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Library of Congress.  "James Scott."  Scan.  Original in Library of Congress, Music Division: Misc. Iconographic Collections, Performing Arts Reading Room.  Memory.LOC.Gov.  Library of Congress, n.d.  Web.  29 Oct. 2015.  No Known Copyright Restrictions.

Schimmel Piano.

Schimmel piano company established by Wilhelm Schimmel, Sr. (1854 – 1946) in Leipzig, Germany.


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Additional References:
  • Palmieri, Robert, ed.  The Piano: An Encyclopedia.  2nd Edition.  New York: Routledge, June 1, 2004.  Google Books.  Web. 14 Sept. 2015.
  • Cooper, Blake.  "The History of Schimmel Pianos."  Cooper Piano.  Cooper Piano, 1 June 2013.  Web.  17 Sept. 2015.

Artur Rubinstein Seated at the Piano,
c. 1906. [ 1 ]

Artur Rubinstein (1887 – 1982) — Polish Classical Pianist


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Library of Congress.  "Artur Rubinstein Seated at the Piano, c. 1906."  Photograph.  From Library of Congress Miscellaneous Items in High Demand, Digital ID cph 3c9118LOC.Gov.  Library of Congress, n.d.  Web.  29 Oct. 2015.  No Known Copyright Restrictions.

The Kimball Company commenced building pianos

Yamaha Logo

View the stats on Yamaha.
Yamaha piano company established by Torakusu Yamaha (1851 – 1916) in Japan.


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Additional References:
  • "Yamaha Torakusu."  Hammamatsu Books.  Hamanako Institute Corporation, 2012.  Web.  17 Sept. 2015.
  • Palmieri, Robert, ed.  The Piano: An Encyclopedia.  2nd Edition.  New York: Routledge, June 1, 2004.  Google Books.  Web. 14 Sept. 2015.
  • "Biography of Yamaha Torakusu | Founder of Yamaha Corp."  My Article.  My Article, 2012.  Web.  17 Sept. 2015.

Portrait of Dame Myra Hess
by Carl Van Vechten, 1937. [ 1 ]

Dame Myra Hess (1890 -1965) — English Classical Pianist


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Van Vechten, Carl.  Portrait of Dame Myra Hess.  1937.  Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, Washington, D.C., Part of Carl Van Vechten Collection, Digital ID van 5a52106LOC.Gov.  Library of Congress, n.d.  Web.  29 Oct. 2015.  No Known Copyright Restrictions.
Page 19 of 28 pages

[ CLOSE ]
 

Additional References:
  • Mastehead Image: O’Donnell, Dylan.  "Piano Strings."  Photograph.  Deography.  Dylan O’Donnell, 1 Nov. 2010.  Web.  18 June 2015.  Public Domain.
  • Mandalatrece, Jim Doney.  "History of an Ascended Master, His Connection with Essenes, and The Secrecy of The Kanon."  ThaKanon.  Jim Doney Mandalatrece, n.d.  Web.  18 June 2015.
  • Blaise, Gary.  "The Early String Keyboards."  Gary Blaise.  Gary Blaise Early Keyboard Instruments, n.d.  Web.  18 June 2015.
  • "History of Classical Music."  Naxos.  Naxos Digital Services Ltd., n.d.  Web.  18 June 2015.
  • "History of the Piano."  Piano Technicians Guild.  Piano Technicians Guild, Inc. n.d.  Web.  18 June 2015.
  • "Development of the Piano."  Bluebook of Piano.  Bluebook of Pianos, 1933 – 2015.  18 June 2015.
  • Estrella, Steven G.  "Stylistic Timeline of Music History."  Steven Estrella.  Steven G. Estrella, 2013.  Web.  18 June 2015.
  • "The History of Graphical Music Notation."  Block Museum.  Mary and Leigh Block Museum of Art, n.d.  Web.  18 June 2015.
  • "The Piano Time Line: A Chronological History."  Concert Pitch Piano.  Concert Pitch Piano Services, 2000 – 2015.  Web.  18 June. 2015.
  • "History of the Piano."  Piano Tuners.  The UK Piano Pages, 1996 – 2015.  Web.  18 June. 2015.
  • Weinstock, Ron.  "A Personal List of Ten Great Blues Pianists."  In a Blue Mood.  In a Blue Mood, 25 Sept. 2009.  Web.  18 June 2015.
  • "Romantic Music."  Essential Humanities.  Essential Humanities, 2008 – 2013.  Web.  19 June 2015.
  • "List of Romantic-Era Composers."  Wikipedia.  Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. 15 Sept. 2015.  Web.  18 Sept. 2015.
  • Duchen, Jessica.  "Top 20: The World’s Greatest Pianists."  Sinfini Music.  Sinfini Music, 23 April 2014.  Web.  18 June 2015.
  • Solomon, Jon.  "The Ten Best Jazz Pianists of All Time."  Westword.  Denver Westword, LLC., 27 Aug. 2013.  18 June 2015.
  • Sturm, Connie Arrau, Debra Brubaker Burs, and Anita Jackson, eds.  "Annotated Bibliography of Sources on the History of Piano Technique and Piano Pedagogy."  Piano Technique.  Piano Technique.Net, n.d.  Web.  18 June 2015.
  • Groves Music Online for Music Research.  Oxford Music Online.  Oxford University Press, 2007 – 2015.  Web.  June – December 2015.
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Houston, TX 77008

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Store Hours:
Mon-Sat 10AM to 6PM
Sunday 1PM to 5PM

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