MUSIC THROUGH THE AGES

Development Of The Piano: A Timeline
Tracing the roots of the piano to the very beginning of consciousness,
when man first became aware of sound.
Page 6 of 28 pages

La Notte Critica Score by Antonio Boroni.[ 1 ]

Antonio Boroni (1738–1792) — Italian Composer, Choirmaster – Late Baroque / Early Classical Period

  • Taught his relative Muzio Clementi.
  • Maestro din Cappella at Saint Peter’s Basilica.


.
.
Boroni, Antonio, and uploaded by jakej.  La Notte Critica.  International Music Score Library Project (IMSLP).  Internet Archive.  Web.  13 Oct. 2015.   No Known Copyright Restrictions.

Johann (Georg) Andreas Stein believed to have been an apprentice at the Silberman workshop in Strasbourg (1748 – 1749).


.
Additional References:
  • Latcham, Michael.  "Stein, Johann (Georg) Andreas."  Oxford Music Online.  Oxford University Press, 2007 – 2015.  Web.  15 Sept. 2015.

Portrait of Antonio Salieri by Joseph Willibrod Mähler, 1815. [ 1 ]

Antonio Salieri (1750 – 1825) — Italian Composer – Classical Period


.
.
Mähler, Joseph Willibrord, and uploaded by Gryffindor.  Portrait of Antonio Salieri (1750-1825).  1815.  Sammlungen der Gesellschaft der Musikfreunde, Germany. Commons Wikimedia.  Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 30 Nov. 2008.  Web.  15 Sept. 2015.  Public Domain. 

Daniel Gottlob Türk (1750 – 1813) — German Theorist, Composer, Organist, Professor – Classical Period

  • Director of music at Halle University where he also taught music theory and composition.
  • Organist and musical director of the Marktkirche.
  • Among his many writings is School of Clavier Playing (Klavierschule) (1789), a theoretical treatise is “…one of the most important sources for keyboard performance practice of the late 18th century.” [ 1 ]


.
.
"Daniel Gottlob Turk (1750-1813)."  Naxos.  Naxos Digital Services Ltd., n.d.  Web.  15 Sept. 2015.
Additional References:
  • Grave, Floyd K.  "School of Clavier Playing by Daniel Gottlob Türk, Translation and Notes by Raymond H. Haggh."  Notes.  Second Series Vol. 40, No.4.  June 1984.  JSTOR.  Web.  15 Sept. 2015.
  • Jacobi, Erwin R.  "Türk, Daniel Gottlob."  Oxford Music Online.  Oxford University Press, 2007 – 2015.  Web.  15 Sept. 2015.

Johann Peter Milchmeyer (1750 – 1813) — German Pedagogue of Harp and Keyboard Instruments

  • His work The True Art of Playing the Pianoforte (Die Wahre Art Das Pianoforte Zu Spielen) (1797), considered among the first discourse dedicated solely to piano playing and “was specifically conceived as a self-instruction manual for the growing number of amateurs who wished to play fashionable piano. Selling more than 530 copies, the book was an immediate and striking success.” [ 1 ]
  • His work is of historic value as it illustrates early pianoforte technique.
  • Served as the Dresden Court Musician.


.
.
Skowroneck, Tilman.  Beethoven the Pianist.  New York: Cambridge University Press, 2010.  Google Books.  Web. 15 Sept. 2014.
Additional References:
  • Rosenblum, Sandra P.  Performance Practices in Classic Piano Music: Their Principals and Applications.  Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1988.  Google Books.  Web. 15 Sept. 2015.
  • Da Costa, Neal Peres.  Off the Record: Performing Practices in Romantic Piano Playing.  New York: Oxford University Press, USA, 2012.  Google Books.  15 Sept. 2015.

Muzio Clementi – Photographic Reproduction of a Painting by Sopus Williams. [ 1 ]

Muzio Clementi (1752–1832) — Italian born English Composer, Keyboard Player, Teacher, Music Publisher, Piano Manufacturer – Classical Period

  • Popularized the pianoforte.
  • His two works Introduction to the Art of Playing on the Piano Forte, Op. 42 and Op.43 (1801) and Gradus ad Parnassum (1817) “became staples in the education of pianists at all levels.” [ 2 ]
  • Teacher of Cramer and John Field, who influenced Chopin.


.
.
TommyG.  "Photographic Reproduction Portrait of  Muzio Clementi painted by Sopus Williams."  Photograph.  Original in the Bergen Public Library, Norway.  Commons Wikimedia.  Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 8 Sept. 2014.  Web.  21 Sept. 2015.  Public Domain. 
.
Plantinga, Leon.  "Clementi, Muzio [Clementi, Mutius Philippus Vincentius Franciscus Zaverius]."  Oxford Music Online.  Oxford University Press, 2007 – 2015.  Web.  15 Sept. 2015.
Additional References:
  • "Introduction to the Art of Playing the Pianoforte, Op. 42."  Musopen.  Musopen, n.d.  Web.  15 Sept. 2015. 
  • Eskenazi, Jeremy.  "Muzio Clementi (1752-1832): Life and Work."  Clementi Society.  Jeremy Eskenazi, 2008.  Web.  15 Sept. 2015.

Carl Friedrich Cramer (1752 – 1807) — German born English Linguist, Publisher, Composer, Writer

  • He wrote and edited a periodical called Magazin der Musik (1783 – 1786/7), which changed its name to Musik in 1789: comprised of music criticism, essays, publications, and concert programs.

Portrait of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart by Barbara Kraft After the Composer's Death,
Using Several Portraits as References, 1819. [ 1 ]

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756 – 1791) — Austrian Composer – Classical Period


.
.
Kraft, Barbara, and uploaded by Luestling~commonswiki.  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.  1819.  Gesellschaft der Musikfreunde, Austria.  Commons Wikimedia.  Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 15 May 2005.  Web.  15 Sept. 2015.  Public Domain. 

Johann Christoph Zumpe's Square Piano, c. 1776.  [ 1 ]

The “twelve apostles’ arrive in England, men from Gottfried Silbermann’s workshop, which had closed because of the Seven Year’s War. This marked the beginning of England’s role in the development of the piano, with Johannes Zumpe creating smaller, compact square pianos (the first appearing c. 1766). A few instruments survive the period, despite their immediate popularity.


.
.
Sguastevi.  "Zumpe Piano, in the Museu de la Música de Barcelona, 1776."  Photograph.  Commons Wikimedia.  Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 15 June 2015.  Web.  14 Oct. 2015.  CC BY-SA 3.0

Sébastien Érard (1752 – 1831) arrived in Paris. He apprenticed under a harpsichord-maker until his talents surpassed his master, which led to his subsequent release. He then worked for another instrument-maker who commissioned him to build an instrument that would be hailed by all of Paris. With his reputation cemented, the Duchesse de Villeroy became his patron and provided him with a workshop, fulfilling Érard’s desire to remain independent.

Portrait of Sébastien Érard
by H. Pottin. [ 1 ]


.
.
Pottin, H. and uploaded by Mu.  "Portrait of Sébastien Érard."  Print.  Original in Bibliothèque Nationale de France.  Commons Wikimedia.  Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 9 March 2008.  Web.  9 Oct. 2015.  Public Domain.
Additional References:
  • "Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History."  Met Museum.  The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2000 – 2015.  Web.  15 Sept. 2015.
  • Centre Sébastien Erard.  Centre Sébastien Erard, n.d.  Web. 15 Sept. 2015.
  • Waller, John Francis, et al.  The Imperial Dictionary of Universal Biography: A Series of Original Memoirs of Distinguished Men, of All Ages and All Nations, Part 4.  Edinburgh: William Mackenzie, 1857.  Google Books.  Web. 15 Sept 2015.
  • Dolge, Alfred.  Pianos and Their Makers: A Comprehensive History of the Development of the Piano from the Monochord to the Concert Grand Player Piano, Volume 1.  Covina: Covina Publishing Company, 1911.  Google Books.  Web. 15 Sept. 2015.
Page 6 of 28 pages

[ CLOSE ]
 

Additional References:
  • Mastehead Image: O’Donnell, Dylan.  "Piano Strings."  Photograph.  Deography.  Dylan O’Donnell, 1 Nov. 2010.  Web.  18 June 2015.  Public Domain.
  • Mandalatrece, Jim Doney.  "History of an Ascended Master, His Connection with Essenes, and The Secrecy of The Kanon."  ThaKanon.  Jim Doney Mandalatrece, n.d.  Web.  18 June 2015.
  • Blaise, Gary.  "The Early String Keyboards."  Gary Blaise.  Gary Blaise Early Keyboard Instruments, n.d.  Web.  18 June 2015.
  • "History of Classical Music."  Naxos.  Naxos Digital Services Ltd., n.d.  Web.  18 June 2015.
  • "History of the Piano."  Piano Technicians Guild.  Piano Technicians Guild, Inc. n.d.  Web.  18 June 2015.
  • "Development of the Piano."  Bluebook of Piano.  Bluebook of Pianos, 1933 – 2015.  18 June 2015.
  • Estrella, Steven G.  "Stylistic Timeline of Music History."  Steven Estrella.  Steven G. Estrella, 2013.  Web.  18 June 2015.
  • "The History of Graphical Music Notation."  Block Museum.  Mary and Leigh Block Museum of Art, n.d.  Web.  18 June 2015.
  • "The Piano Time Line: A Chronological History."  Concert Pitch Piano.  Concert Pitch Piano Services, 2000 – 2015.  Web.  18 June. 2015.
  • "History of the Piano."  Piano Tuners.  The UK Piano Pages, 1996 – 2015.  Web.  18 June. 2015.
  • Weinstock, Ron.  "A Personal List of Ten Great Blues Pianists."  In a Blue Mood.  In a Blue Mood, 25 Sept. 2009.  Web.  18 June 2015.
  • "Romantic Music."  Essential Humanities.  Essential Humanities, 2008 – 2013.  Web.  19 June 2015.
  • "List of Romantic-Era Composers."  Wikipedia.  Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. 15 Sept. 2015.  Web.  18 Sept. 2015.
  • Duchen, Jessica.  "Top 20: The World’s Greatest Pianists."  Sinfini Music.  Sinfini Music, 23 April 2014.  Web.  18 June 2015.
  • Solomon, Jon.  "The Ten Best Jazz Pianists of All Time."  Westword.  Denver Westword, LLC., 27 Aug. 2013.  18 June 2015.
  • Sturm, Connie Arrau, Debra Brubaker Burs, and Anita Jackson, eds.  "Annotated Bibliography of Sources on the History of Piano Technique and Piano Pedagogy."  Piano Technique.  Piano Technique.Net, n.d.  Web.  18 June 2015.
  • Groves Music Online for Music Research.  Oxford Music Online.  Oxford University Press, 2007 – 2015.  Web.  June – December 2015.
Pianos: 832-924-0337
Lessons: 713-561-5356
HPC CAMPUS
1600 W. 13th St.
Houston, TX 77008


GOOGLE MAPS

Store Hours:
Mon-Sat 10AM to 6PM
Sunday 1PM to 5PM

HPC CAMPUS
1600 W. 13th St.
Houston, TX 77008

Call: 832-521-8712


GOOGLE MAPS

Store Hours:
Mon-Sat 10AM to 6PM
Sunday 1PM to 5PM

LOADING TOUR