MUSIC THROUGH THE AGES

Development Of The Piano: A Timeline
Tracing the roots of the piano to the very beginning of consciousness,
when man first became aware of sound.
Page 25 of 28 pages

Richard Chronister (1930 – 1999) — Pedagogue

“The main role of the teacher is to make the student want to play the pieces. When a teacher’s mouth is open, learning is probably not going on. The teacher’s words prepare students and help them think, but it is only what the students tell themselves when we are not around that really counts.” – Richard Chronister [ 2 ]

  • Studied music at University of Tulsa, receiving his Bachelors in 1952 and his Masters in 1955.
  • Taught at Westminster Choir College in 1956 and University of Tulsa in 1959, where he founded and directed the piano pedagogy program (the first to be recognized by the National Association of Schools of Music).
  • In 1961, appointed educational director in charge of teacher training at the New School for Music Study.
  • In 1968, co-founder and educational director for the National Keyboard Arts Associates, while also director of piano pedagogy for Westminster Choir College.
  • In 1980, co-founder and executive director for the National Conference on Piano Pedagogy.
  • Founding Board member for the Frances Clark Center for Keyboard Pedagogy.
  • Founder, editor and publisher of Keyboard Companion.
  • Published posthumously: A Piano Teacher’s Legacy (Selected Writings by Richard Chronister), containing previously unpublished lecture notes from 1970 – 1999, articles and addresses.

A Piano Teacher’s Legacy: Selected Writings by Richard Chronister, 2005 [ 1 ]


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Chronister, Richard, and Edward Darling, ed.  A Piano Teacher’s Legacy: Selected Writings by Richard Chronister.  Kingston: The Frances Clark Center for Keyboard Pedagogy, 2005.  Scan of Book Cover.  Print.  15 Feb. 2016.  No Known Copyright Restrictions.
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Vivace.  "Famous Quote of Richard Chronister."  Piano Adventures.  PianoAdventures.Com, 3 Feb. 2012.  Web.  18 Sept. 2015.
Additional References:
  • "Richard Chronister."  Clavier Companion.  The Piano Magazine Clavier Companion, 1999.  Web.  18 Sept. 2015.
  • "Richard Chronister."  Piano Pedagogy.  The New School for Music Study, n.d.  Web.  18 Sept. 2015.
  • Chronister, Richard, and Edward Darling, ed.  A Piano Teacher’s Legacy – Selected Writings by Richard Chronister.  Kingston:  The Frances Clark Center for Keyboard Pedagogy, 2005.  GoodReads.  Web.  18 Sept. 2015.
  • "A Piano Teacher’s Legacy – Selected Writings by Richard Chronister."  The Free Library By Farlex.  Farlex, Inc. n.d.  Web.  18 Sept. 2015.

Photograph of Alfred Brendel 
by Jiyang Chen, 2010. [ 1 ]

Alfred Brendel (b. 1931) — Austrian of German, Italian and Slavonic descent Classical Pianist


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Chen, Jiyang and cropped by Herzi Pinki.  "Alfred Brendel, 2010."  Photograph.  Commons Wikimedia.  Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 1 Jan. 2011.  Web.  15 Feb. 2016.  CC BY-SA 3.0.

Portrait of Glenn Gould 
by Don Hunstein. [ 1 ]

Glenn Gould (1932 – 1982) — Canadian Classical Pianist, Writer, Composer – 20th Century Period


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Hunstein, Don and the Glenn Gould Foundation, uploaded by Mjk17.  "Glenn Gould."  Photograph.  Commons Wikimedia.  Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 8 June 2009.  No Known Copyright Restrictions.

Portrait of Nina Simone, 1967. [ 1 ]

Nina Simone (1933 – 2003) — American Classical and Jazz Pianist, Singer, Songwriter – 20th Century Period


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Viniciusmc.  "Trade Ad for Nina Simone’s Single '(You’ll) Go to Hell, 1967.'"  Photograph.  Original in Billboard Magazine 23 Sept. 1967: pg. 2.  Commons Wikimedia.  Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 29 June 2013.  Web.  15 Feb. 2016.  Public Domain.

Portrait of Van Cliburn, 1966. [ 1 ]

Van Cliburn (1934 – 2013) — American Classical Pianist (Cliburn Competition named after him.)


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Materialscientist.  "Harvey Lavan Van Cliburn, Amsterdam, 1966."  Photograph.  Original in Dutch National Archives, The Hague.  Commons Wikimedia.  Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 31 March 2014.  Web.  5 Nov. 2015.  National Archief and Spaarnestad Photo  – Partnership Program, and CC BY-SA 3.0 NL.

Karl Heller (b. 1935) — German Musicologist

  • Studied at Musikhochschule in Weimer, University of Jena, and University of Leipzig. Received his doctorate in 1965 from Rostock University.
  • Professor at Rostock of 17th and 18th century instrumental music with an emphasis on J.S Bach and Antonio Vivaldi.
  • Wrote several books on Vivaldi (including his dissertation), the latest being Antonio Vivaldi: The Red Priest Of Venice (1991), and several on J.S. Bach.


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Additional References:
  • Kaden, Christian.  "Heller, Karl (Wilhelm)."  Oxford Music Online.  Oxford University Press, 2007 – 2015.  Web.  18 Sept. 2015.

Pen & Ink Portrait of Philip Glass 
by Graziano Origa, 2008. [ 1 ]

Philip Glass (b. 1937) — American Composer, Performer – 20th Century Period


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Origafoundation.  "Portrait of Philip Glass, Drawn by Graziano Origa, 2008."  Pen & Ink Drawing.  Commons Wikimedia.  Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 18 Sept. 2008.  Web.  5 Nov. 2015.  CC BY-SA 3.0.

Photograph of McCoy Tyner 
by Brian McMillen, 1981. [ 1 ]

McCoy Tyner (b. 1938) — American Jazz Pianist, Composer – 20th Century Period (Post–Bebop Jazz)


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McMillen, Brian.  "McCoy Tyner, Keystone Korner, San Francisco CA, March 1981."  Photograph.  Commons Wikimedia.  Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 12 Jan. 2012.  Web.  15 Feb. 2016.  CC BY-SA 3.0.

Herbie Hancock at the Piano 
by Larry Johnson, 2009. [ 1 ]

Herbie Hancock (b. 1940) — American Jazz Pianist, Electric Keyboard, Composer – 20th Century Period (Post–Bebop Jazz)


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Johnson, Larry.  "Herbie Hancock @ TED 2009."  Photograph.  Flickr.  Flicker, a Yahoo Company, 6 Feb. 2009.  Web.  5 Nov. 2015.  CC BY 2.0.

Photograph of Martha Argerich, 2015. [ 1 ]

Martha Argerich (b. 1941) — Argentinian Classical Pianist


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Fma12.  "Photograph of Argentine Pianist Martha Argerich, 2015."  Photograph.  Commons Wikimedia.  Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 22 July 2015.  Web.  15 Feb. 2016.  Casa Rosada, and CC BY-SA 2.0.
Page 25 of 28 pages

[ CLOSE ]
 

Additional References:
  • Mastehead Image: O’Donnell, Dylan.  "Piano Strings."  Photograph.  Deography.  Dylan O’Donnell, 1 Nov. 2010.  Web.  18 June 2015.  Public Domain.
  • Mandalatrece, Jim Doney.  "History of an Ascended Master, His Connection with Essenes, and The Secrecy of The Kanon."  ThaKanon.  Jim Doney Mandalatrece, n.d.  Web.  18 June 2015.
  • Blaise, Gary.  "The Early String Keyboards."  Gary Blaise.  Gary Blaise Early Keyboard Instruments, n.d.  Web.  18 June 2015.
  • "History of Classical Music."  Naxos.  Naxos Digital Services Ltd., n.d.  Web.  18 June 2015.
  • "History of the Piano."  Piano Technicians Guild.  Piano Technicians Guild, Inc. n.d.  Web.  18 June 2015.
  • "Development of the Piano."  Bluebook of Piano.  Bluebook of Pianos, 1933 – 2015.  18 June 2015.
  • Estrella, Steven G.  "Stylistic Timeline of Music History."  Steven Estrella.  Steven G. Estrella, 2013.  Web.  18 June 2015.
  • "The History of Graphical Music Notation."  Block Museum.  Mary and Leigh Block Museum of Art, n.d.  Web.  18 June 2015.
  • "The Piano Time Line: A Chronological History."  Concert Pitch Piano.  Concert Pitch Piano Services, 2000 – 2015.  Web.  18 June. 2015.
  • "History of the Piano."  Piano Tuners.  The UK Piano Pages, 1996 – 2015.  Web.  18 June. 2015.
  • Weinstock, Ron.  "A Personal List of Ten Great Blues Pianists."  In a Blue Mood.  In a Blue Mood, 25 Sept. 2009.  Web.  18 June 2015.
  • "Romantic Music."  Essential Humanities.  Essential Humanities, 2008 – 2013.  Web.  19 June 2015.
  • "List of Romantic-Era Composers."  Wikipedia.  Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. 15 Sept. 2015.  Web.  18 Sept. 2015.
  • Duchen, Jessica.  "Top 20: The World’s Greatest Pianists."  Sinfini Music.  Sinfini Music, 23 April 2014.  Web.  18 June 2015.
  • Solomon, Jon.  "The Ten Best Jazz Pianists of All Time."  Westword.  Denver Westword, LLC., 27 Aug. 2013.  18 June 2015.
  • Sturm, Connie Arrau, Debra Brubaker Burs, and Anita Jackson, eds.  "Annotated Bibliography of Sources on the History of Piano Technique and Piano Pedagogy."  Piano Technique.  Piano Technique.Net, n.d.  Web.  18 June 2015.
  • Groves Music Online for Music Research.  Oxford Music Online.  Oxford University Press, 2007 – 2015.  Web.  June – December 2015.
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