MUSIC THROUGH THE AGES

Development Of The Piano: A Timeline
Tracing the roots of the piano to the very beginning of consciousness,
when man first became aware of sound.
Page 23 of 28 pages

Carola Grindea (1914 – 2009) — Moldovia Born Pianist, Teacher, Author

  • Educated at Bucharest Conservatory.
  • Scholarship studies under Tobias Matthay.
  • Professor at Guildhall School of Music.
  • Founded the International Society for the Study of Tension in Performance (ISSTP).
  • Developed breathing exercises for relaxation.
  • In her book Great Pianists and Pedagogues, she interviews more than 40 pianists and pedagogues of the 20th century.

Carola Grindea's 'Great Pianists and Pedagogues, 2007. [ 1 ]


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Grindea, Carola.  Great Pianists and Pedagogues in Conversation with Carola Grindea.  Kahn & Averill: London, 2007.  Book Cover.  Amazon.  Amazon.Com, 1996 – 2016.  Web.  14 Feb. 2016.  No Known Copyright Restrictions.
Additional References:
  • Menuhin, Yalta.  "Carola Grindea Speaks with Yaltah Menuhin About Her Musical Upbringing and Career."  Yalta Menuhin.  Piano Journal, no 3, 1982.  Web.  17 Sept. 2015.
  • "Piano Technique Reviews: Carola Grindea and Grindea Technique."  Piano Technique.  Maple Grove Music Productions, n.d.  Web.  17 Sept. 2015.
  • Siepmann, Jeremy.  "Carola Grindea: World-Famous Pioano Teacher Concerned with the Stress of Performance."  The Guardian.  Guardian News and Media Limited, 1 Sept. 2009.  Web.  17 Sept. 2015.
  • "Professor Carola Grindea."  The Telegraph.  Telegraph Media Group Limited, 23 July 2009.  Web.  17 Sept. 2015.
  • "History of ISSTIP."  ISSTIP.  International Society for the Study of Tension in Performance, 2005 – 2015.  Web.  17 Sept. 2015.

Portrait of Sviatoslav Richter. [ 1 ]

Sviatoslav Richter (1915 – 1997) — Russian Classical Pianist


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Portrait of Emil Gilels. [ 1 ]

Emil Gilels (1916 – 1985) — Russian Classical Pianist


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Addiobelpassato.  "Emil Gilels ‘Prelude & Fugue No 5’ Shostakovich."  Online Video Still.  YouTube.  YouTube, 19 Dec. 2013.  Web.  14 Feb. 2016.  Standard YouTube License.

Brush & Ink of Thelonius Monk 
by N.C. Mallory, 2010. [ 1 ]

Thelonious Monk (1917 – 1982) — American Composer, Jazz Pianist – 20th Century Period (An “architect of bebop” jazz) 


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NCMallory.  "Thelonius Monk (3) American Musician, Composer, Pianist, Band Leader and Jazz Immortal."  Brush & Ink.  Flickr.  Flickr, a Yahoo Company, 19 April 2010.  Web.  4 Nov. 2015.  CC BY-ND 2.0.

Dinu Lipatti at the Piano, 1950. [ 1 ]

Dinu Lipatti (1917 – 1950) — Romanian Classical Pianist, Composer – 20th Century Period


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Mu.  "Romanian Pianist Dinu Lipatti (1917-1950) Playing in Besançon, France, on 16 September 1950."  Photograph.  Commons Wikimedia.  Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 7 Sept. 2010.  Web.  5 Nov. 2015.  Public Domain.

Leonard Bernstein Making Annotations to Musical Score 
by Al Ravenna, 1955. [ 1 ]

Leonard Bernstein (1918 – 1990) — American Composer, Pianist, Conductor – 20th Century Period


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Ravenna, Al.  Leonard Bernstein Making Annotations to Musical Score.  1955.  Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division, Washington, D.C., Part of New York World-Telegram and the Sun Newspaper Photograph Collection, Digital ID cph 3c27784LOC.Gov.  Library of Congress, n.d.  Web.  5 Nov. 2015.  No Known Copyright Restrictions.

Portrait of Dave Brubeck 
by Carl Van Vechten, 1954. [ 1 ]

Dave Brubeck (1920 – 2012) — American Composer, Jazz Pianist, Bandleader – 2oth Century Period (West-Coast Jazz)


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Van Vechten, CarlPortrait of Dave Brubeck with Sheet Music as Backdrop.  1954.  Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division, Washington, D.C., Part of Carl Van Vechten Collection  Digital ID cph 3c03725.  LOC.Gov.  Library of Congress, n.d.  Web.  5 Nov. 2015.  No Known Copyright Restrictions.

Guy Duckworth (1923 – 2015) — American Pianist, Pedagogue

  • Played violin at age 4 ½, began the piano at 7.
  • Piano soloist for MGM Studios and Columbia Artists, as well as various radio stations in Los Angeles.
  • Received his BA from UCLA in 1951, his Masters in Music from Columbia University in 1953, and his Doctorate in Philosophy from Columbia University in 1969.
  • Pioneer of group piano pedagogy. “A student in a group of peers is more likely to express his views and differ with the teacher than a student alone with a teacher. His individuality is more obvious with his peers. He’s more natural. In private teaching a student is less venturesome. He picks up patterns from adults. […] There are more chances for individuality when there are no hard fast rights and wrongs.” – Guy Duckworth [ 2 ]
  • Created the doctoral program Piano Performance Literature and Pedagogy: Process of Group Environments at The University of Colorado, Boulder. “I believe the healthiest environment for learning is when enlightened teachers encourage students to teach students.” – Guy Duckworth [ 3 ]
  • Considered among one of four pedagogues (among Richard Chronister, Frances Clark, and Robert Pace) who changed piano pedagogy in the 20th century.

Guy Duckworth's Keyboard Discoverer Book II, 1963. [ 1 ]


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Duckworth, Guy.  Keyboard Discoverer Book II.  Evanston: The M-F Co., 1963.  Scan of Book Cover.  Print.  15 Feb. 2016.  No Known Copyright Restrictions.
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Otto, Jean.  "Piano Should Be Fun, Teacher Says."  The Milwaukee Journal.  10 July 1970: 4.  Google News.  Web.  17 Sept. 2015.
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Baker-Jordan, Martha, Dr.  Practical Piano Pedagogy: The Definitive Text for Piano Teachers and Pedagogy Students.  Warner Bros. Publications, 2003, 2004.  Google Books.  Web.  17 Sept. 2015.
Additional References:
  • "Guy Duckworth: Educator, Musician, Pianist."  Prabook.  Prabook, n.d.  Web.  17 Sept. 2015.
  • "Celebrating the Legacies of Guy Duckwroth and Louis Goss."  Keyboard Pedagogy.  The Frances Clark Center for Keyboard Pedagogy, n.d.  Web.  17 Sept. 2015.

Bud Powell (1924 – 1966) — American Jazz Pianist, Composer (Bebop Jazz)

 

Bud Powell – Café Montmatre, Copenhagen 1962. [ 1 ]

 


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logudorian.  "Bud Powell – Anthropology (1962)."  Online Vide Clip.  YouTube.  YouTube, 14 Jan. 2010.  Web.  5 Nov. 2015.  Standard YouTube License.

Robert Pace (b. 1924) — Pianist, Composer, Pedagogue

  • Began playing the piano at age 5. At age 9, along with his sister (who played the violin), performed on radio concerts. He also played the trombone.
  • As a scholarship student at Juilliard School of Music, under the tutelage of Joseph and Rosina Lhévinne, received a BS.
  • In 1948, started his Masters and received his Doctorate from Teacher’s College, Columbia University in 1951. (Received an honorary doctorate from Westminister Choir College in 2003.)
  • Taught at Julliard and then Teachers College, becoming head of piano in 1952 and Chairman of the music department in 1969.
  • National piano chair for the Music Educators National Conference (1953 – 1956).
  • Editor of Music Journal (1959 – 1962).
  • Appointed by JFK in 1962 to a small panel to study the standing of music and music education is in the United States.
  • Served as Director of the National Piano Foundation from 1963 – 1977; at which time he became executive director of the International Piano Teaching Foundation.
  • Developed “peer-teaching,” “Comprehensive Musicianship,” as well as the “Pace Method” curriculum. “The philosophy of the Pace Approach is to develop, from the beginning, a real musical independence. [Students] in the Pace Approach learn to teach themselves, since in reality they must be their own teachers 6/7ths of the time during their practice between lessons. The ability to sight-read, [improvise] and create one’s own music [is essential]. [To play] in any key with a good and responsive technique [will] enable the learner to get the right note at the right time with the right intensity.” – Robert Pace [ 2 ]
  • His wife, Helen Crabtree, a vocalist, pianist and graduate from Juilliard, collaborated with him on many publications and recordings.

Robert Pace's The New Kinder Keyboard, 1988. [ 1 ]


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Pace, Robert.  The New Kinder Keyboard.  Chatham: Lee Roberts Music Publishing, Inc. 1988.  Scan of Book Cover.  Print.  15 Feb. 2016.  No Known Copyright Restrictions.
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Zeigler, John, Dr.  "Artist/Educator Archive Interview – Dr. Robert Pace."  Piano Education.  John M. Zeigler, Aug. 2004.  Web.  17 Sept. 2015.
Additional References:
  • Pace, Cynthia, Dr.  "An Enduring Legacy."  Lee Roberts Music.  Lee Roberts Music Piublications, Inc., 2013.  Web.  17 Sept. 2015.
Page 23 of 28 pages

[ CLOSE ]
 

Additional References:
  • Mastehead Image: O’Donnell, Dylan.  "Piano Strings."  Photograph.  Deography.  Dylan O’Donnell, 1 Nov. 2010.  Web.  18 June 2015.  Public Domain.
  • Mandalatrece, Jim Doney.  "History of an Ascended Master, His Connection with Essenes, and The Secrecy of The Kanon."  ThaKanon.  Jim Doney Mandalatrece, n.d.  Web.  18 June 2015.
  • Blaise, Gary.  "The Early String Keyboards."  Gary Blaise.  Gary Blaise Early Keyboard Instruments, n.d.  Web.  18 June 2015.
  • "History of Classical Music."  Naxos.  Naxos Digital Services Ltd., n.d.  Web.  18 June 2015.
  • "History of the Piano."  Piano Technicians Guild.  Piano Technicians Guild, Inc. n.d.  Web.  18 June 2015.
  • "Development of the Piano."  Bluebook of Piano.  Bluebook of Pianos, 1933 – 2015.  18 June 2015.
  • Estrella, Steven G.  "Stylistic Timeline of Music History."  Steven Estrella.  Steven G. Estrella, 2013.  Web.  18 June 2015.
  • "The History of Graphical Music Notation."  Block Museum.  Mary and Leigh Block Museum of Art, n.d.  Web.  18 June 2015.
  • "The Piano Time Line: A Chronological History."  Concert Pitch Piano.  Concert Pitch Piano Services, 2000 – 2015.  Web.  18 June. 2015.
  • "History of the Piano."  Piano Tuners.  The UK Piano Pages, 1996 – 2015.  Web.  18 June. 2015.
  • Weinstock, Ron.  "A Personal List of Ten Great Blues Pianists."  In a Blue Mood.  In a Blue Mood, 25 Sept. 2009.  Web.  18 June 2015.
  • "Romantic Music."  Essential Humanities.  Essential Humanities, 2008 – 2013.  Web.  19 June 2015.
  • "List of Romantic-Era Composers."  Wikipedia.  Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. 15 Sept. 2015.  Web.  18 Sept. 2015.
  • Duchen, Jessica.  "Top 20: The World’s Greatest Pianists."  Sinfini Music.  Sinfini Music, 23 April 2014.  Web.  18 June 2015.
  • Solomon, Jon.  "The Ten Best Jazz Pianists of All Time."  Westword.  Denver Westword, LLC., 27 Aug. 2013.  18 June 2015.
  • Sturm, Connie Arrau, Debra Brubaker Burs, and Anita Jackson, eds.  "Annotated Bibliography of Sources on the History of Piano Technique and Piano Pedagogy."  Piano Technique.  Piano Technique.Net, n.d.  Web.  18 June 2015.
  • Groves Music Online for Music Research.  Oxford Music Online.  Oxford University Press, 2007 – 2015.  Web.  June – December 2015.
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