MUSIC THROUGH THE AGES

Development Of The Piano: A Timeline
Tracing the roots of the piano to the very beginning of consciousness,
when man first became aware of sound.
Page 13 of 28 pages

Ludwig Deppe (1828 – 1890) — German Pianist, Teacher, Conductor, Composer

  • A great theorist of technique.
  • The book Artistic Piano-Playing as Taught by Ludwig Deppe Together with Practical Advice on Questions of Technique (1903) written by Elisabeth Caland, describes the technique that was taught to his students.

Portrait of Ludwig Deppe,
c. 1880s. [ 1 ]


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Андрей Романенко.  "Portrait of Ludwig Deppe, c. 1880s."  Scan.  Located in the New York Public Library, Digital Collection, New York.  Commons Wikimedia.  Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 19 Aug. 2009.  Web.  12 Oct. 2015.  Public Domain. 

L.M. Gottschalk’s Farewell Concerts in America Poster by Clarry & Reilley, 1860. [ 1 ]

Louis Moreau Gottschalk (1829 – 1869) — American Composer, Pianist – Romantic Period


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Clarry & Reilley.  L.M. Gottschalk’s Farewell Concerts in America.  1860.  Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division, Washington D.C., part of Theatrical Poster Collection, Digital ID cph 3g08237LOC.Gov.  Web.  12 Oct. 2015.  No Known Copyright Restrictions.

Portrait of Anton Rubinstein
by IIya Repin, 1887. [ 1 ]

Anton Rubinstein (1829 – 1894) — Russian Composer, Pianist, Conductor, Teacher – Romantic Period (Brother to Nikolai Rubinstein)

  • His piano playing rivaled Liszt.
  • Prolific composer.
  • Founded St. Petersburg Conservatory in 1862, the first music school in Russia. One of his most famous students was Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky.


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Repin, IIya, and uploaded by Fransvannes.  Portrait of Anton Rubinstein.  1887.  The State Russian Museum, St. Petersburg.  Commons Wikimedia.  Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 25 June 2006.  Web.  12 Oct. 2015.  Public Domain. 
Additional References:
  • Spunberg, Jorge.  "Anton Rubinstein (biography)."  The Berdichev Revival.  The Berdichev Revival, 1997 – 2015.  Web. 17 Sept. 2015.
  • "Anton Rubinstein."  Naxos.  Naxos Digital Services Ltd., n.d. Web. 17 Sept. 2015.

Portrait of Hans von Bülow by Emilie Bieber, c.1880. [ 1 ]

Hans von Bülow (1830 – 1894) — German Conductor, Virtuoso Pianist, Composer, Editor, Teacher – Romantic Period

  • Student of Friedrich Wieck and Franz Liszt.
  • Championed “new German music.”
  • Transcribed and conducted Wagner’s Tristan and conducted Meistersinger.
  • Conductor for Meiningen Orchestra.
  • Renowned master classes.
  • Instrumental in turning the Berlin Philharmonic into a great orchestra.


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Bieber, Emilie.  Portrait of Hans von Bülow.  c. 1880.  Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division, Washington D.C., part of George Grantham Bain Collection, Digital ID cph 3c03945LOC.Gov.  Web.  12 Oct. 2015.  No Known Copyright Restrictions. 
Additional References:
  • "Terrific Biography of Hans von Bülow."  The Wagner Blog.  The Wagner Blog, n.d.  Web.  17 Sept. 2015.
  • Taylor, Priscilla S.  "Books: 'Hans Von Bulow: A Life and Times.'"  The Washington Times.  The Washington Times, 12 Feb. 2010.  Web.  17 Sept. 2015.

Theodor Leschetizky (1830 – 1915) — Polish Pianist, Teacher, Composer –Romantic Period

  • Student of Czerny.
  • Leschetizky stated he doesn’t have a specific method of teaching; quoted as saying “I teach exactly as Czerny taught me; I have added nothing, changed nothing.”
  • Director of music at the court of the Grand Duchess Helen.
  • Head of the piano department at St. Petersburg Conservatory.
  • Over 1200 pianists studied under him.
  • Considered one of the greatest piano teachers of the modern era.
  • Some of his pupils: Artur Schnabel, Ossip Gabrilovich, and Ignacy Jan Paderewski.

Portrait of Theodor Leschetizky,
c. 1860s. [ 1 ]


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Ctac.  "Theodor Leschetizky, c. 1860s."  Photograph.  Commons Wikimedia.  Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 17 Aug. 2015.  Web.  12 Oct. 2015.  Public Domain. 
Additional References:
  • Methuen-Campbell, James.  "Leschetozky, Theodor [Leszetucki, Teodor]."  Oxford Music Online.  Oxford University Press, 2007 – 2015.  Web.  17 Sept. 2015.

Portrait of Joseph Joachim by George Frederick Watts, 1868. [ 1 ]

Joseph Joachim (1831 – 1907) — Austro-Hungarian Composer, Violinist, Conductor, Teacher – Romantic Period


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Watts, George Frederick, and uploaded by WikiOriginal-9.  A Lamplight Study: Herr Joachim.  1868.  Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago.  Commons Wikimedia.  Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 19 Jan. 2015.  Web.  12 Oct. 2015.  Public Domain. 

After the death of Érard, his nephew Pierre Érard took over the company.

Portrait of Johannes Brahms
by C. Brasch, c. 1889. [ 1 ]

Johannes Brahms (1833 – 1897) — German Composer – Romantic Period


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C. Brasch, and uploaded by Simplicius.  Portrait of Johannes Brahms.  c. 1889.  Neue Photographische Gesellschaft (NPG), Germany.  Commons Wikimedia.  Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 10 Sept. 2005.  Web.  21 Sept. 2015.  Public Domain. 

Portrait of Camille Saint-Saëns
by the French News Agency Meurisse, 1921. [ 1 ]

Camille Saint-Saëns (1835 – 1921) — French Composer, Pianist, Organist, Writer – Romantic Period


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JLPC.  "Portrait of Camille Saint-Saëns by Agence de presse Meurisse, 1921."  Photograph.  Original in Bibliothèque Nationale de France.  Commons Wikimedia.  Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 29 Jan. 2014.  Web.  12 Oct. 2015.  Public Domain. 

Portrait of Georges Bizet
by Étienne Carjat, 1875. [ 1 ]

Georges Bizet (1838 – 1875) — French Composer, Pianist – Romantic Period


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Searobin.  "Portrait of Georges Bizet by Étienne Carjat, 1875."  Photograph.  Commons Wikimedia.  Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 1 May 2005.  Web.  12 Oct. 2015.  Public Domain. 
Page 13 of 28 pages

[ CLOSE ]
 

Additional References:
  • Mastehead Image: O’Donnell, Dylan.  "Piano Strings."  Photograph.  Deography.  Dylan O’Donnell, 1 Nov. 2010.  Web.  18 June 2015.  Public Domain.
  • Mandalatrece, Jim Doney.  "History of an Ascended Master, His Connection with Essenes, and The Secrecy of The Kanon."  ThaKanon.  Jim Doney Mandalatrece, n.d.  Web.  18 June 2015.
  • Blaise, Gary.  "The Early String Keyboards."  Gary Blaise.  Gary Blaise Early Keyboard Instruments, n.d.  Web.  18 June 2015.
  • "History of Classical Music."  Naxos.  Naxos Digital Services Ltd., n.d.  Web.  18 June 2015.
  • "History of the Piano."  Piano Technicians Guild.  Piano Technicians Guild, Inc. n.d.  Web.  18 June 2015.
  • "Development of the Piano."  Bluebook of Piano.  Bluebook of Pianos, 1933 – 2015.  18 June 2015.
  • Estrella, Steven G.  "Stylistic Timeline of Music History."  Steven Estrella.  Steven G. Estrella, 2013.  Web.  18 June 2015.
  • "The History of Graphical Music Notation."  Block Museum.  Mary and Leigh Block Museum of Art, n.d.  Web.  18 June 2015.
  • "The Piano Time Line: A Chronological History."  Concert Pitch Piano.  Concert Pitch Piano Services, 2000 – 2015.  Web.  18 June. 2015.
  • "History of the Piano."  Piano Tuners.  The UK Piano Pages, 1996 – 2015.  Web.  18 June. 2015.
  • Weinstock, Ron.  "A Personal List of Ten Great Blues Pianists."  In a Blue Mood.  In a Blue Mood, 25 Sept. 2009.  Web.  18 June 2015.
  • "Romantic Music."  Essential Humanities.  Essential Humanities, 2008 – 2013.  Web.  19 June 2015.
  • "List of Romantic-Era Composers."  Wikipedia.  Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. 15 Sept. 2015.  Web.  18 Sept. 2015.
  • Duchen, Jessica.  "Top 20: The World’s Greatest Pianists."  Sinfini Music.  Sinfini Music, 23 April 2014.  Web.  18 June 2015.
  • Solomon, Jon.  "The Ten Best Jazz Pianists of All Time."  Westword.  Denver Westword, LLC., 27 Aug. 2013.  18 June 2015.
  • Sturm, Connie Arrau, Debra Brubaker Burs, and Anita Jackson, eds.  "Annotated Bibliography of Sources on the History of Piano Technique and Piano Pedagogy."  Piano Technique.  Piano Technique.Net, n.d.  Web.  18 June 2015.
  • Groves Music Online for Music Research.  Oxford Music Online.  Oxford University Press, 2007 – 2015.  Web.  June – December 2015.
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