Tracing the roots of the piano to the very beginning of consciousness, when man first became aware of sound.
Sébastien Érard (1752 – 1831) arrived in Paris. He apprenticed under a harpsichord-maker until his talents surpassed his master, which led to his subsequent release. He then worked for another instrument-maker who commissioned him to build an instrument that would be hailed by all of Paris. With his reputation cemented, the Duchesse de Villeroy became his patron and provided him with a workshop, fulfilling Érard’s desire to remain independent.
- "Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History." Met Museum. The Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2000 – 2015. Web. 15 Sept. 2015.
- Centre Sébastien Erard. Centre Sébastien Erard, n.d. Web. 15 Sept. 2015.
- Waller, John Francis, et al. The Imperial Dictionary of Universal Biography: A Series of Original Memoirs of Distinguished Men, of All Ages and All Nations, Part 4. Edinburgh: William Mackenzie, 1857. Google Books. Web. 15 Sept 2015.
- Dolge, Alfred. Pianos and Their Makers: A Comprehensive History of the Development of the Piano from the Monochord to the Concert Grand Player Piano, Volume 1. Covina: Covina Publishing Company, 1911. Google Books. Web. 15 Sept. 2015.