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PIANO TIMELINE

History Of The Piano

Tracing the roots of the piano to the very beginning of consciousness, when man first became aware of sound.

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1930, Chronister

Book cover of 'A Piano Teacher's Legacy: Selected Writings by Richard Chronister,' published in 2005.
A Piano Teacher’s Legacy: Selected Writings by Richard Chronister, 2005. 1

Richard Chronister (1930 – 1999): American Piano Pedagogue

The main role of the teacher is to make the student want to play the pieces. When a teacher’s mouth is open, learning is probably not going on. The teacher’s words prepare students and help them think, but it is only what the students tell themselves when we are not around that really counts.
Richard Chronister 2
  • Studied music at University of Tulsa, receiving his Bachelors in 1952 and his Masters in 1955.
  • Taught at Westminster Choir College in 1956 and University of Tulsa in 1959, where he founded and directed the piano pedagogy program (the first to be recognized by the National Association of Schools of Music).
  • In 1961, appointed educational director in charge of teacher training at the New School for Music Study.
  • In 1968, co-founder and educational director for the National Keyboard Arts Associates, while also director of piano pedagogy for Westminster Choir College.
  • In 1980, co-founder and executive director for the National Conference on Piano Pedagogy.
  • Founding Board member for the Frances Clark Center for Keyboard Pedagogy.
  • Founder, editor and publisher of Keyboard Companion.
  • Published posthumously: A Piano Teacher’s Legacy (Selected Writings by Richard Chronister), containing previously unpublished lecture notes from 1970 – 1999, articles and addresses.

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[1]
Chronister, Richard, and Edward Darling, ed.  A Piano Teacher’s Legacy: Selected Writings by Richard Chronister.  Kingston: The Frances Clark Center for Keyboard Pedagogy, 2005.  Scan of Book Cover.  Print.  15 Feb. 2016.  No Known Copyright Restrictions.
[2]
Vivace.  "Famous Quote of Richard Chronister."  Piano Adventures.  PianoAdventures.Com, 3 Feb. 2012.  Web.  18 Sept. 2015.
Additional References:
  • "Richard Chronister."  Clavier Companion.  The Piano Magazine Clavier Companion, 1999.  Web.  18 Sept. 2015.
  • "Richard Chronister."  Piano Pedagogy.  The New School for Music Study, n.d.  Web.  18 Sept. 2015.
  • Chronister, Richard, and Edward Darling, ed.  A Piano Teacher’s Legacy – Selected Writings by Richard Chronister.  Kingston:  The Frances Clark Center for Keyboard Pedagogy, 2005.  GoodReads.  Web.  18 Sept. 2015.
  • "A Piano Teacher’s Legacy – Selected Writings by Richard Chronister."  The Free Library By Farlex.  Farlex, Inc. n.d.  Web.  18 Sept. 2015.

1930, Wurlitzer Golden Age

The 1930’s – 1940’s considered golden age for Wurlitzer with the purchase of the patented music box mechanism (jukebox) along with hiring inventor Homer Capehart and designer Paul Fuller with the slogan “Music for Milllions.”

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Additional References:
  • "Wurlitzer Jukebox Company History."  Archive Gibson.  Gibson Guitar Corp., n.d.  Web. 18 Sept. 2015.
  • "Wurlitzer, 150 Years in as Many Words."  Jukebox UK.  Jukeboxes Unlimited, 2013.  Web.  18 Sept. 2015.

1930, Sondheim

Publicity portrait of Stephen Sondheim, c. 1970.
Portrait of Stephen Sondheim, c. 1970. 1

Stephen Sondheim (b. 1930): American Composer, Lyricist – 20th Century Period

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[1]
Wikiwatcher1.  "Stephen Sondheim Publicity Photo, c. 1970."  Photograph.  Commons Wikimedia.  Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 11 Jan. 2013.  Web.  15 Feb. 2016.  Public Domain.

1930, Spann

Otis Spann (1930 – 1970): American Blues Pianist, Singer

YouTube Placeholder Image for ykokVCBiJeI
Otis Spann, Blues Piano Legend. 1

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[1]
Glory Blues Channel.  "Otis Spann – Spann’s Blues 1963."  Online Video Clip.  YouTube.  YouTube, 9 Jan. 2014.  Web.  15 Feb. 2016.  Standard YouTube License.

1930, Jamal

Ahmad Jamal performing at Keystone Korner in San Francisco, 1980, photographed by Brian McMillen.
Ahmad Jamal Performing, 1980. 1

Ahmad Jamal (b. 1930): American Jazz pianist, Composer – 20th Century Period (Cool Jazz)

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[1]
McMillen, Brian.  “Ahmad Jamal at Keystone Korner, San Francisco, 1980.”  Photograph.  Commons Wikimedia.  Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 21 Jan. 2012.  Web.  5 Nov. 2015.  CC BY-SA 3.0.

1931, Brendel

Alfred Brendel in 2010, photographed by Jiyang Chen.
Photograph of Alfred Brendel, 2010. 1

Alfred Brendel (b. 1931): Austrian of German, Italian and Slavonic descent Classical Pianist

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[1]
Chen, Jiyang and cropped by Herzi Pinki.  "Alfred Brendel, 2010."  Photograph.  Commons Wikimedia.  Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 1 Jan. 2011.  Web.  15 Feb. 2016.  CC BY-SA 3.0.

1932, Gould

Glenn Gould playing the piano, photographed by Don Hunstein.
Portrait of Glenn Gould by Don Hunstein. 1

Glenn Gould (1932 – 1982): Canadian Classical Pianist, Writer, Composer – 20th Century Period

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[1]
Hunstein, Don and the Glenn Gould Foundation, uploaded by Mjk17.  "Glenn Gould."  Photograph.  Commons Wikimedia.  Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 8 June 2009.  No Known Copyright Restrictions.

1933, Simone

Promotional portrait of Nina Simone in 1967.
Portrait of Nina Simone, 1967. 1

Nina Simone (1933 – 2003): American Classical and Jazz Pianist, Singer, Songwriter – 20th Century Period

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[1]
Viniciusmc.  "Trade Ad for Nina Simone’s Single '(You’ll) Go to Hell, 1967.'"  Photograph.  Original in Billboard Magazine 23 Sept. 1967: pg. 2.  Commons Wikimedia.  Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 29 June 2013.  Web.  15 Feb. 2016.  Public Domain.

1934, Cliburn

Portrait of Van Cliburn at the piano in 1966.
Portrait of Van Cliburn, 1966. 1

Van Cliburn (1934 – 2013): American Classical Pianist (Cliburn Competition named after him.)

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[1]
Materialscientist.  "Harvey Lavan Van Cliburn, Amsterdam, 1966."  Photograph.  Original in Dutch National Archives, The Hague.  Commons Wikimedia.  Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 31 March 2014.  Web.  5 Nov. 2015.  National Archief and Spaarnestad Photo  – Partnership Program, and CC BY-SA 3.0 NL.

1935, Heller

Karl Heller (b. 1935): German Musicologist

  • Studied at Musikhochschule in Weimer, University of Jena, and University of Leipzig. Received his doctorate in 1965 from Rostock University.
  • Professor at Rostock of 17th and 18th century instrumental music with an emphasis on J.S Bach and Antonio Vivaldi.
  • Wrote several books on Vivaldi (including his dissertation), the latest being Antonio Vivaldi: The Red Priest Of Venice (1991), and several on J.S. Bach.

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Additional References:
  • Kaden, Christian.  "Heller, Karl (Wilhelm)."  Oxford Music Online.  Oxford University Press, 2007 – 2015.  Web.  18 Sept. 2015.
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