Tracing the roots of the piano to the very beginning of consciousness, when man first became aware of sound.
Abbey Henry Simon (1920 – 2019): American Concert Pianist and Teacher
- Taught by Josef Hofmann at The Curtis Institute of Music in Philadelphia.
- 1940 won the Naumberg International Piano Competition.
- Performed in Carnegie Hall and toured throughout Europe and South America.
- Has been called a 'a pianist's pianist,' and super-virtuoso.
- Additional awards: Federation of Music Clubs, National Orchestral Association, Ford Foundation, Harriet Cohen Medal, and Elizabeth Sprague Coolidge.
- Jurist: Van Cliburn International Piano Competition, Geneva International Music Competition, Leeds International Piano Competition, Clara Haskil International Piano Competition, Sydney International Piano Competition, and South Africa International Piano Competition.
- Taught at Juilliard, Indiana University, and University of Houston; he holds a Cullen Distinguished Professorship at the University of Houston’s Moores School of Music.
- 1984 Founded the International Piano Festival at the University of Houston.
- He is a featured Yamaha Artist.
- Psales, Chris. "Piano’s Old Pro Drops By for a Visit." Los Angeles Times. 23 Oct. 2001. Los Angeles Times, 2019. Web. 9 Aug. 2019.
- Schonberg, Harold C. "Abbey Simon: Evolution of 'a Pianist’s Pianist.'" The New York Times. 26 Feb. 1988. The New York Times Company, 2019. Web. 9 Aug. 2019.
- Emery Mike. "Chat with Piano Legend Abbey Simon." Houston Chronicle. 31 Jan. 2014. Hearst Newspapers, LLC., 2019. Web. 9 Aug. 2019.
- Duffie Bruce. "Pianist Abbey Simon: A Conversation with Bruce Duffie." BruceDuffie.Com 19 Feb. 1988. Web. 9 Aug. 2019.
- Opera Musica. "Abbey Simon" OperaMusica.Com n.d. Mathieu Abelli 2019. Web. 9 Aug. 2019.
- Faculty. "Abbey Simon." UH.EDU. University of Houston, 2019. Web. 9 Aug. 2019.
Guy Duckworth (1923 – 2015): American Pianist, Pedagogue
- Played violin at age 4 ½, began the piano at 7.
- Piano soloist for MGM Studios and Columbia Artists, as well as various radio stations in Los Angeles.
- Received his BA from UCLA in 1951, his Masters in Music from Columbia University in 1953, and his Doctorate in Philosophy from Columbia University in 1969.
- Pioneer of group piano pedagogy. “A student in a group of peers is more likely to express his views and differ with the teacher than a student alone with a teacher. His individuality is more obvious with his peers. He’s more natural. In private teaching a student is less venturesome. He picks up patterns from adults. […] There are more chances for individuality when there are no hard fast rights and wrongs.” – Guy Duckworth [ 2 ]
- Created the doctoral program Piano Performance Literature and Pedagogy: Process of Group Environments at The University of Colorado, Boulder. “I believe the healthiest environment for learning is when enlightened teachers encourage students to teach students.” – Guy Duckworth [ 3 ]
- Considered among one of four pedagogues (among Richard Chronister, Frances Clark, and Robert Pace) who changed piano pedagogy in the 20th century.
- "Guy Duckworth: Educator, Musician, Pianist." Prabook. Prabook, n.d. Web. 17 Sept. 2015.
- "Celebrating the Legacies of Guy Duckwroth and Louis Goss." Keyboard Pedagogy. The Frances Clark Center for Keyboard Pedagogy, n.d. Web. 17 Sept. 2015.
Robert Pace (b. 1924 – 2010): American Pianist, Composer, Music Theorist, Pedagogue
- Began playing the piano at age 5. At age 9, along with his sister (who played the violin), performed on radio concerts. He also played the trombone.
- As a scholarship student at Juilliard School of Music, under the tutelage of Joseph and Rosina Lhévinne, received a BS.
- In 1948, started his Masters and received his Doctorate from Teacher’s College, Columbia University in 1951. (Received an honorary doctorate from Westminister Choir College in 2003.)
- Taught at Julliard and then Teachers College, becoming head of piano in 1952 and Chairman of the music department in 1969.
- National piano chair for the Music Educators National Conference (1953 – 1956).
- Editor of Music Journal (1959 – 1962).
- Appointed by JFK in 1962 to a small panel to study the standing of music and music education is in the United States.
- Served as Director of the National Piano Foundation from 1963 – 1977; at which time he became executive director of the International Piano Teaching Foundation.
- Developed “peer-teaching,” “Comprehensive Musicianship,” as well as the “Pace Method” curriculum. “The philosophy of the Pace Approach is to develop, from the beginning, a real musical independence. [Students] in the Pace Approach learn to teach themselves, since in reality they must be their own teachers 6/7ths of the time during their practice between lessons. The ability to sight-read, [improvise] and create one’s own music [is essential]. [To play] in any key with a good and responsive technique [will] enable the learner to get the right note at the right time with the right intensity.” – Robert Pace [ 2 ]
- His wife, Helen Crabtree, a vocalist, pianist and graduate from Juilliard, collaborated with him on many publications and recordings.
- Pace, Cynthia, Dr. "An Enduring Legacy." Lee Roberts Music. Lee Roberts Music Piublications, Inc., 2013. Web. 17 Sept. 2015.
Bud Powell (1924 – 1966): American Jazz Pianist, Composer (Bebop Jazz)
Oscar Peterson (1925 – 2007): Canadian Jazz Pianist, Composer (Swing Jazz)
Louise Goss (1926 – 2014): American Piano Pedagogue
- Studied piano and clarinet.
- Educated under Frances Clark (who established the first piano pedagogue program in the United States) as the first class at Kalamazoo College, receiving a B.A with three majors—music, philosophy, and English.
- Along with Frances Clark, Goss was director of the piano and piano pedagogy program at Westminster Choir College in New Jersey.
- In 1960, collaborated with Frances Clark to create The New School for Music Study in Princeton.
- Writer and editor of the Frances Clark Library for Piano Students and The Music Tree piano method series.
- First woman on the faculty of music literature at the University of Michigan.
- "Louis Goss (1926-2014)." NSMS Piano. The New School for Music Study, n.d. Web. 17 Sept. 2015.
- "Louis Goss, 1926-2014." Keyboard Pedagogy. The Frances Clark Center for Keyboard Pedagogy, n.d. Web. 17 Sept. 2015.
Kawai piano company established by Koichi Kawai (1886 – 1955) in Hamamatsu, Japan.
Amos Milburn (1927 – 1980): American Rhythm and Blues Pianist, Singer
Karl-Heinz Köhler (b. 1928): German Musicologist, Librarian
- Studied violin.
- Studied Musicology at Weimar Musikhochschule and Jena University, where he received his doctorate in 1956 writing his dissertation on J.S. Bach.
- Among the many positions he held, Köhler was the director of the music department at Deutsche Staatsbibliothek (1955 – 1979), lecturer at Humboldt University (1965), and president of the East German section of AML (1971) for which he eventually became vice-president (1977 – 1980).
- Written over 188 works comprising 520 publications translated into 5 languages.
- “Köhler's research and editorial work is concerned with performance, musicology and librarianship. [He] has concentrated on Mozart, J.S. Bach and early works by Mendelssohn and is co-editor of Beethoven's writings, [contributing] to the development of music librarianship and source material information systems.” [ 1 ]
- "Köhler, Karl-Heinz 1928 -." WorldCat. Online Computer Library Center, Inc., 2010. Web. 18 Sept. 2015.
Bill Evans (1929 – 1980): American Jazz Pianist, Composer – 20th Century Period (Post-Bebop Jazz)