Tracing the roots of the piano to the very beginning of consciousness, when man first became aware of sound.
Stephen Foster (1826 – 1864): American Songwriter (Considered the father of American Popular Music) – Romantic Period
Ludwig Deppe (1828 – 1890): German Pianist, Teacher, Conductor, Composer
- A great theorist of technique.
- The book Artistic Piano-Playing as Taught by Ludwig Deppe Together with Practical Advice on Questions of Technique (1903) written by Elisabeth Caland, describes the technique that was taught to his students.
Joseph Brodmann retires, selling his workshop to Ignaz Bösendorfer (1794 – 1859), a former apprentice, establishing Bösendorfer Piano Company to preserve the original inspiration and character of the Viennese instrument.
1829, Anton Rubinstein
Anton Rubinstein (1829 – 1894): Russian Composer, Pianist, Conductor, Teacher – Romantic Period (Brother to Nikolai Rubinstein)
- His piano playing rivaled Liszt.
- Prolific composer.
- Founded St. Petersburg Conservatory in 1862, the first music school in Russia. One of his most famous students was Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky.
- Spunberg, Jorge. "Anton Rubinstein (biography)." The Berdichev Revival. The Berdichev Revival, 1997 – 2015. Web. 17 Sept. 2015.
- "Anton Rubinstein." Naxos. Naxos Digital Services Ltd., n.d. Web. 17 Sept. 2015.
Louis Moreau Gottschalk (1829 – 1869): American Composer, Pianist – Romantic Period
Theodor Leschetizky (1830 – 1915): Polish Pianist, Teacher, Composer – Romantic Period
- Student of Czerny.
- Leschetizky stated he doesn’t have a specific method of teaching; quoted as saying “I teach exactly as Czerny taught me; I have added nothing, changed nothing.”
- Director of music at the court of the Grand Duchess Helen.
- Head of the piano department at St. Petersburg Conservatory.
- Over 1200 pianists studied under him.
- Considered one of the greatest piano teachers of the modern era.
- Some of his pupils: Artur Schnabel, Ossip Gabrilovich, and Ignacy Jan Paderewski.
- Methuen-Campbell, James. "Leschetozky, Theodor [Leszetucki, Teodor]." Oxford Music Online. Oxford University Press, 2007 – 2015. Web. 17 Sept. 2015.
Hans von Bülow (1830 – 1894): German Conductor, Virtuoso Pianist, Composer, Editor, Teacher – Romantic Period
- "Terrific Biography of Hans von Bülow." The Wagner Blog. The Wagner Blog, n.d. Web. 17 Sept. 2015.
- Taylor, Priscilla S. "Books: 'Hans Von Bulow: A Life and Times.'" The Washington Times. The Washington Times, 12 Feb. 2010. Web. 17 Sept. 2015.
After the death of Érard, his nephew Pierre Érard took over the company.
Joseph Joachim (1831 – 1907): Austro-Hungarian Composer, Violinist, Conductor, Teacher – Romantic Period
Johannes Brahms (1833 – 1897): German Composer – Romantic Period