Grindea, Carola. Great Pianists and Pedagogues in Conversation with Carola Grindea. Kahn & Averill: London, 2007. Book Cover. Amazon. Amazon.Com, 1996 – 2016. Web. 14 Feb. 2016. No Known Copyright Restrictions.
Menuhin, Yalta. "Carola Grindea Speaks with Yaltah Menuhin About Her Musical Upbringing and Career." Yalta Menuhin. Piano Journal, no 3, 1982. Web. 17 Sept. 2015.
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Mu. "Romanian Pianist Dinu Lipatti (1917-1950) Playing in Besançon, France, on 16 September 1950." Photograph. Commons Wikimedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 7 Sept. 2010. Web. 5 Nov. 2015. Public Domain.
Leonard Bernstein Making Annotations to Musical Score
by Al Ravenna, 1955. [ 1 ]
Leonard Bernstein (1918 – 1990) — American Composer, Pianist, Conductor – 20th Century Period
Guy Duckworth (1923 – 2015) — American Pianist, Pedagogue
Played violin at age 4 ½, began the piano at 7.
Piano soloist for MGM Studios and Columbia Artists, as well as various radio stations in Los Angeles.
Received his BA from UCLA in 1951, his Masters in Music from Columbia University in 1953, and his Doctorate in Philosophy from Columbia University in 1969.
Pioneer of group piano pedagogy. “A student in a group of peers is more likely to express his views and differ with the teacher than a student alone with a teacher. His individuality is more obvious with his peers. He’s more natural. In private teaching a student is less venturesome. He picks up patterns from adults. […] There are more chances for individuality when there are no hard fast rights and wrongs.” – Guy Duckworth [ 2 ]
Created the doctoral program Piano Performance Literature and Pedagogy: Process of Group Environments at The University of Colorado, Boulder. “I believe the healthiest environment for learning is when enlightened teachers encourage students to teach students.” – Guy Duckworth [ 3 ]
Robert Pace (b. 1924) — Pianist, Composer, Pedagogue
Began playing the piano at age 5. At age 9, along with his sister (who played the violin), performed on radio concerts. He also played the trombone.
As a scholarship student at Juilliard School of Music, under the tutelage of Joseph and Rosina Lhévinne, received a BS.
In 1948, started his Masters and received his Doctorate from Teacher’s College, Columbia University in 1951. (Received an honorary doctorate from Westminister Choir College in 2003.)
Taught at Julliard and then Teachers College, becoming head of piano in 1952 and Chairman of the music department in 1969.
National piano chair for the Music Educators National Conference (1953 – 1956).
Editor of Music Journal (1959 – 1962).
Appointed by JFK in 1962 to a small panel to study the standing of music and music education is in the United States.
Served as Director of the National Piano Foundation from 1963 – 1977; at which time he became executive director of the International Piano Teaching Foundation.
Developed “peer-teaching,” “Comprehensive Musicianship,” as well as the “Pace Method” curriculum. “The philosophy of the Pace Approach is to develop, from the beginning, a real musical independence. [Students] in the Pace Approach learn to teach themselves, since in reality they must be their own teachers 6/7ths of the time during their practice between lessons. The ability to sight-read, [improvise] and create one’s own music [is essential]. [To play] in any key with a good and responsive technique [will] enable the learner to get the right note at the right time with the right intensity.” – Robert Pace [ 2 ]
His wife, Helen Crabtree, a vocalist, pianist and graduate from Juilliard, collaborated with him on many publications and recordings.
Robert Pace's The New Kinder Keyboard, 1988. [ 1 ]
"List of Romantic-Era Composers." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. 15 Sept. 2015. Web. 18 Sept. 2015.
Duchen, Jessica. "Top 20: The World’s Greatest Pianists." Sinfini Music. Sinfini Music, 23 April 2014. Web. 18 June 2015.
Solomon, Jon. "The Ten Best Jazz Pianists of All Time." Westword. Denver Westword, LLC., 27 Aug. 2013. 18 June 2015.
Sturm, Connie Arrau, Debra Brubaker Burs, and Anita Jackson, eds. "Annotated Bibliography of Sources on the History of Piano Technique and Piano Pedagogy." Piano Technique. Piano Technique.Net, n.d. Web. 18 June 2015.
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