Harold Bauer (1873 – 1951) — English born American Pianist, Violinist, Teacher
Originally followed in his father’s footsteps, who was a violinist, Bauer studied the violin under Adolf Pollitzer and his father.
He briefly studied piano under Ignacy Jan Paderewski who encouraged him to focus on the piano instead of the violin.
In his approach to technique, he felt “one must first imagine the sound, and then find a natural and coordinated motion to produce it;” and “nothing in education was more important than the development of the imagination, without which life would be on horrid grind of monotonous routine.” [ 2 ]
Founded the Beethoven Society of New York.
President of Friends of Music of the Library of Congress.
Head of the piano department of Manhattan School of Music and known for his master classes.
Library of Congress. "Harold Victor Bauer, c. 1915 - 1920." Photograph. Original in Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division, Washington, D.C., part of the George Grantham Bain Collections, Digital ID ggbain 23591. LOC.Gov. Library of Congress, n.d. Web. 28 Oct. 2015. No Known Copyright Restrictions.
"The Power of Bauer." Academia. Academia, n.d. Web. 17 Sept. 2015.
Photograph of Charles Ives,
c. 1913. [ 1 ]
Charles Ives (1874 – 1954) — American Composer – 20th Century Period
Homolka, Florence, and uploaded by Kelson. Portrait of Arnold Schönberg. c. 1948. Arnold Schönberg Center, Vienna. Commons Wikimedia. Wikimedia Foundations, Inc., 20 March 2005. Web. 28 Oct. 2015. No Known Copyright Restrictions.
Portrait of Maurice Ravel
by Pierre Petit, 1907. [ 1 ]
Maurice Ravel (1875 – 1937) — French Composer – Late Romantic / Early 20th Century Period
"Kimball." Antique Piano Shop. Antique Piano Shop, n.d. Web. 17 Sept 2015.
"Kimball Pianos." Total Piano Care. Total Piano Care, 2008 – 2015. Web. 17 Sept. 2015.
Alfred Cortot (1877 – 1962) — Swiss Born French Classical Pianist, Conductor, Pedagogue – Romantic Period
Studied piano at the Paris Conservatoire with Émile Descombes (1829 – 1912) and Louis Diémer (1843 – 1919).
Appointed choral coach and then assistant conductor for the Bayreuth Festival.
In 1902, founded Société de Festivals Lyriques.
Taught at the Paris Conservatoire.
Founded and served as director of the Ecole Normale de Musique. Influenced by Chopin’s teaching style, Cortot “developed the groundbreaking methods which enabled them to be passed on to future generations.” [ 2 ]
His book Rational Principals of Pianoforte Technique (1928) “divided systematic exercises into five categories: 1) equality, independence and mobility of the fingers; 2) scales-arpeggios; 3) double notes and polyphonic playing; 4) the technique of extensions; 5) wrist technique and execution of chords. The immediate goal of those warm-up exercises is to loosen the playing mechanism, though the pianist can apply those ideas directly into playing the main repertoire.” [ 3 ]
Library of Congress. "Portrait of Alfred Cortot." Photograph. Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division, Washington, D.C., in the George Grantham Bain Collection, Digital ID ggbain.27618. LOC.Gov. Library of Congress, n.d. Web. 28 Oct. 2015. No Known Copyright Restrictions.
Probert, Simon. "Alfred Cortot: The Ideal Teacher." Piano Lessons. Piano Lessons, 2006 – 2015. Web. 17 Sept. 2015.
Wu, Li-Fang. "The Alfred Cortot Study Edition of Chopin’s Etudes & How the Alexander Technique can Facilitate Progress Towards Performance Through His Suggested Exercises." LSU. LSU, Dec. 2010. Web. 17 Sept. 2015.
Gregory of nyssa. "Wanda Landowska Playing the Harpsichord at a concert in Lwów, 1937." Photograph. Original in The Illustrated Daily Courier – Archive Illustration, National Digital Archives, Warsaw. Commons Wikimedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 22 Aug. 2015. Web. 29 Oct. 2015. Public Domain
Thomson, Virgil. "Wanda Landowska." The New York Review of Books. NYREV, Inc., 28 Jan. 1965. Web. 17 Sept. 2015.
"List of Romantic-Era Composers." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. 15 Sept. 2015. Web. 18 Sept. 2015.
Duchen, Jessica. "Top 20: The World’s Greatest Pianists." Sinfini Music. Sinfini Music, 23 April 2014. Web. 18 June 2015.
Solomon, Jon. "The Ten Best Jazz Pianists of All Time." Westword. Denver Westword, LLC., 27 Aug. 2013. 18 June 2015.
Sturm, Connie Arrau, Debra Brubaker Burs, and Anita Jackson, eds. "Annotated Bibliography of Sources on the History of Piano Technique and Piano Pedagogy." Piano Technique. Piano Technique.Net, n.d. Web. 18 June 2015.
Groves Music Online for Music Research. Oxford Music Online. Oxford University Press, 2007 – 2015. Web. June – December 2015.