MUSIC THROUGH THE AGES

Development Of The Piano: A Timeline
Tracing the roots of the piano to the very beginning of consciousness,
when man first became aware of sound.
Page 17 of 28 pages

Portrait of Richard Strauss,
c. 1915. [ 1 ]

Richard Strauss (1864 – 1949) — German Composer, Conductor – Late Romantic Period


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Library of Congress.  "Portrait of Richard Strauss, c. 1915."  Photograph.  Original in Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington, D.C., part of the George Bain Collection, Digital ID ggbain 21003LOC.Gov.  Library of Congress, n.d.  Web.  28 Oct. 2015.  No Known Copyright Restrictions.

Portrait of Eugene d’Albert, 1890. [ 1 ]

Eugen d’Albert (1864 – 1932) — Scottish born German Pianist, Composer – Post-Romantic Period

  • His father, Charles Louis Napoléon d’Albert (1809 – 1886) was an orchestra leader, dancer and pianist and gave his son early musical training.
  • At a young age, he studied at National Training School for Music (now known as Royal College of Music) in London under Sir Arthur Sullivan and Ernst Pauer.
  • In 1881 he won the Mendelssohn Scholarship and studied in Vienna.
  • He then traveled to Weimar to continue his studies under Franz Liszt.
  • In 1907 he became director of Hochschule für Musik in Berlin, during his tenure d’Albert influenced music education in Germany.


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Library of Congress.  "Portrait of Eugene d’Albert, 1890."  Photograph.  Original in Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division, Washington D.C., Digital ID cph 3c13622LOC.Gov.  Library of Congress, n.d.  Web.  28 Oct. 2015.  No Known Copyright Restrictions.
Additional References:
  • Lewis, Uncle Dave.  "Eugen d’Albert."  AllMusic.  All Media Network, LLC., n.d.  Web.  17 Sept. 2015.
  • Northbritain.  "Eugen d’Albert."  Scottish Composers.  Scottish Composers, 28       Aug. 2013.  Web.  17 Sept. 2015.

Portrait of Jean Sibelius, c. 1890. [ 1 ]

Jean Sibelius (1865 – 1957) — Finnish Composer – Late Romantic / Early 20th Century


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Library of Congress.  "Portrait of Jean Sibelius, c. 1890."  Photograph.  Original in Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Diviosn, Washington D.C., Digital ID cph 3c22946LOC.Gov.  Library of Congress, n.d.  Web.  28 Oct. 2015.  No Known Copyright Restrictions.

Portrait of Erik Satie 
by Suzanne Valadon, 1893. [ 1 ]

Erik Satie (1866 – 1925) — French Composer – Late Romantic / Early 20th Century Period


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Valadon, Suzanne, and uploaded by Oxxo.  Portrait of Erik Satie.  1893.  Musée National d’Art Moderne,  Paris.  Commons Wikimedia.  Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 29 June 2009.  Web.  28 Oct. 2015.  Public Domain.

Portrait of Ferruccio Busoni, c. 1890 - 1900. [ 1 ]

Ferruccio Busoni (1866 – 1924) — Italian born (Worked primarily in Germany) Composer, Virtuoso Pianist, Writer, Teacher, Conductor

  • He came from a musical family.
  • He taught in Russia, America and Germany.
  • A champion for contemporary music.
  • A Prolific writer, among his works is Sketch of a New Aesthetic of Music (Entwurf einer neuen Ästhetik) (1907) about musical freedom from conventional music; considered a “seminal work amongst music theorists” [ 2 ].
  • Some of his pupils: Edgard Varese, Kurt Weill, Stephen Wolpe.


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Library of Congress.  "Portrait of Ferruccio Busoni, c. 1890 - 1900."  Photograph.  Original in Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division, Washington D.C., part of the George Grantham Bain Collection, Digital ID cph 3c26592LOC.Gov.  Library of Congress, n.d.  Web.  11 Feb. 2016.  No Known Copyright Restrictions.
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Jewell, Bobby, and Wayne Daly.  "Ferruccio Busoni: Sketch of a New Aesthetic of Music."  AA Conversations.  AA Conversations, 5 Feb. 2013.  Web.  17 Sept. 2015.
Additional References:
  • "Busoni."  Rouge’s Foam.  Rouge’s Foam, 17 Sept. 2012.  Web.  17 Sept. 2015.
  • Beaumont, Antony.  "Busoni, Ferruccio (Dante Michelangelo Ben venuto)."  Oxford Music Online.  Oxford University Press, 2007 – 2015.  Web.  17 Sept. 2015.

Portrait of Amy Beach. [ 1 ]

Amy Beach (1867 – 1944) — American Composer, Pianist – Late Romantic / 20th Century Period


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Library of Congress.  "Portrait of Amy Marcy Cheney Beach."  Photograph.  Original in Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division, Washington D.C., part of the George Grantham Bain Collection, Digital ID cph 3b04622LOC.Gov.  Library of Congress, n.d.  Web.  28 Oct. 2015.  No Known Copyright Restrictions.

Portrait of Scott Joplin,
c. 1903 - 1907. [ 1 ]

Scott Joplin (c. 1867/1868 – 1917) — American Composer, Ragtime Pianist (“King of Ragtime Writers”) – Late Romantic / Early 20th Century Period


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Library of Congress.  "Portrait of Scott Joplin."  Photograph  From, American Musician, 17 June 1907.  Library of Congress, Musician Division: Performing Arts Reading Room.  LOC.Gov.  Library of Congress, n.d.  Web.  11 Feb. 2016.  No Known Copyright Restrictions.

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Perzina piano company, established by brothers Julius and Albert Perzina in Schwerin, Germany.

Portrait of Sergei Rachmaninoff,
c. 1901. [ 1 ]

Sergei Rachmaninov (1873 – 1943) — Russian Composer, Pianist, Conductor – Late Romantic Period


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竹麦魚(Searobin).  "Portrait of Sergei Rachmaninov, c. 1901."  Photograph.  Commons Wikimedia.  Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 28 Feb. 2005.  Web.  16 Oct. 2015.  Public Domain.

First prize for merit (for tone, design, and careful detail of construction) won by George Steck at the Vienna Exposition.

Page 17 of 28 pages

[ CLOSE ]
 

Additional References:
  • Mastehead Image: O’Donnell, Dylan.  "Piano Strings."  Photograph.  Deography.  Dylan O’Donnell, 1 Nov. 2010.  Web.  18 June 2015.  Public Domain.
  • Mandalatrece, Jim Doney.  "History of an Ascended Master, His Connection with Essenes, and The Secrecy of The Kanon."  ThaKanon.  Jim Doney Mandalatrece, n.d.  Web.  18 June 2015.
  • Blaise, Gary.  "The Early String Keyboards."  Gary Blaise.  Gary Blaise Early Keyboard Instruments, n.d.  Web.  18 June 2015.
  • "History of Classical Music."  Naxos.  Naxos Digital Services Ltd., n.d.  Web.  18 June 2015.
  • "History of the Piano."  Piano Technicians Guild.  Piano Technicians Guild, Inc. n.d.  Web.  18 June 2015.
  • "Development of the Piano."  Bluebook of Piano.  Bluebook of Pianos, 1933 – 2015.  18 June 2015.
  • Estrella, Steven G.  "Stylistic Timeline of Music History."  Steven Estrella.  Steven G. Estrella, 2013.  Web.  18 June 2015.
  • "The History of Graphical Music Notation."  Block Museum.  Mary and Leigh Block Museum of Art, n.d.  Web.  18 June 2015.
  • "The Piano Time Line: A Chronological History."  Concert Pitch Piano.  Concert Pitch Piano Services, 2000 – 2015.  Web.  18 June. 2015.
  • "History of the Piano."  Piano Tuners.  The UK Piano Pages, 1996 – 2015.  Web.  18 June. 2015.
  • Weinstock, Ron.  "A Personal List of Ten Great Blues Pianists."  In a Blue Mood.  In a Blue Mood, 25 Sept. 2009.  Web.  18 June 2015.
  • "Romantic Music."  Essential Humanities.  Essential Humanities, 2008 – 2013.  Web.  19 June 2015.
  • "List of Romantic-Era Composers."  Wikipedia.  Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. 15 Sept. 2015.  Web.  18 Sept. 2015.
  • Duchen, Jessica.  "Top 20: The World’s Greatest Pianists."  Sinfini Music.  Sinfini Music, 23 April 2014.  Web.  18 June 2015.
  • Solomon, Jon.  "The Ten Best Jazz Pianists of All Time."  Westword.  Denver Westword, LLC., 27 Aug. 2013.  18 June 2015.
  • Sturm, Connie Arrau, Debra Brubaker Burs, and Anita Jackson, eds.  "Annotated Bibliography of Sources on the History of Piano Technique and Piano Pedagogy."  Piano Technique.  Piano Technique.Net, n.d.  Web.  18 June 2015.
  • Groves Music Online for Music Research.  Oxford Music Online.  Oxford University Press, 2007 – 2015.  Web.  June – December 2015.
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