MUSIC THROUGH THE AGES

Development Of The Piano: A Timeline
Tracing the roots of the piano to the very beginning of consciousness,
when man first became aware of sound.
Page 16 of 28 pages

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George Steck piano company established by George Steck (1829 – 1897) in New York.

Portrait of Giacomo Puccini. [ 1 ]

Giacomo Puccini (1858 – 1924) — Italian Opera Composer – Late Romantic / Early 20th Century Period


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NewYork1956.  "Giacomo Puccini."  Photograph.  Commons Wikimedia.  Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 15 May 2007.  Web.  27 Oct. 2015.  Public Domain.

Tobias Matthay (1858 – 1945) — English Teacher, Author, Pianist, Composer

  • Studied at the Royal Academy of Music with Sir William Sterndale Bennett and Sir Arthur Sullivan.
  • Founded the Tobias Matthay Pianoforte School.
  • Some of his pupils: Dame Myra Hess, Irene Scharrer, Clifford Curzon.
  • His first book The Act of Touch in All its Diversity: An analysis and Synthesis of Pianoforte Tone Production (1903) influenced piano pedagogy.

Tobias Matthay Plaque. [ 1 ]


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Spudgun67.  "Tobias Matthay 1858-1945 Teacher and Pianist Lived Here."  Photograph.  Flickr.  Flickr, a Yahoo Company, 27 Dec. 2014.  Web.  27 Oct. 2015.  CC BY 2.0.
Additional References:
  • Siek, Stephen.  "Tobias Matthay (1858-1945)."  Piano Sage.  Piano Sage, 2011.  Web. 17 Sept. 2015.

Bust of Gustave Mahler by Auguste Rodin, 1909, Photographed by Annie Dalbéra, 2010. [ 1 ]

Gustav Mahler (1860 – 1911) — Austrian Composer, Conductor – Late Romantic / Early 20th Century Period


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Dalbéra, Jean-Pierre.  "Gustave Mahler par Auguste Rodin, 1909, photographed by Annie Dalbéra."  Photograph.  Flickr.  Flickr, a Yahho company, 12 Dec. 2010.  Web.  27 Oct. 2015.  CC BY 2.0.

Portrait of Ignacy Jan Paderewski by Lawrence Sir Alma-Tadema, 1890. [ 1 ]

Ignacy Jan Paderewski (1860 – 1941) — Polish Pianist, Composer, Prime Minister of Poland

  • Studied at the Warsaw Conservatory of Music.
  • On the advice of his friend Anton Rubinstein (who urged Paderewski to further dedicate his studies on the piano), he became a student of Student of Theodor Leschtizky.
  • His piano career spanned over 50 years.
  • While on various tours in America, he gives many benefit performances one of which is at Madison Square Garden to help raise funds for unemployed American musicians.
  • Paderewski Festival in Paso Robles named after him.


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Alma-Tadema, Lawrence Sir.  Portrait of Ignacy Jan Paderewski.  1890.   National Museum, Warsaw.  Flickr.  Flickr, a Yahoo Company, 30 May 2007.  Web.  27 Oct. 2015.  Public Domain.
Additional References:
  • "Ignacy Jan Paderewski 1860 – 1941."  Paderewski Fest.  Paderewski Festival, n.d.  Web. 17 Sept. 2015.
  • Gessner, Teresa.  "Patriot, Composer, Piano Virtuoso, Philanthropist, Statesman."  Info-Poland.  Polish Academic Information Center, University at Buffalo, 2000.  Web.  17 Sept. 2015.
  • "Ignacy Jan Paderewski."  The Paderewski Association.  The Paderewski Association, 2006 – 2014.  Web.  17 Sept 2015.

Frances Elliott Clark (1860 – 1958) — American Music Educator

  • Taught in Indiana, Illinois, and Iowa public schools.
  • Supervisor of music in Milwaukee.
  • As a “pioneer of using recordings in the classroom,” [ 2 ] she enabled the ability to teach listening in school.
  • When she was head of Educational Division of Victor Talking Machine Company, she wrote Music Appreciation for Children (1939) and other articles, materials, and recordings for public schools.

Frontispiece and Title Page from 'Music Appreciation for Little Children' Written by Frances Elliott Clark, 1920. [ 1 ]


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Victor Talking Machine Company; Frances Elliott Clark, and uploaded by WhitneyYoung.  Music Appreciation for Little Children.  Camden: Victor Talking machine Company, 1920: pg. 11.  Internet Archive.  Web.  27 Oct. 2015.  No Known Copyright Restrictions.
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Heller, George N., and William R. Lee.  "Clark [née Elliott], Frances (Mary)."  Oxford Music Online.  Oxford University Press, 2007 – 2015.  Web.  17 Sept. 2015.
Additional References:
  • Mark, Michael, L., ed.  Music Education: Source Readings from Ancient Greece to Today.  Third Edition.  New York: Routledge, 2008.  Google Books.  Web. 17 Sept. 2014.

Arthur Whiting (1861 – 1936) — American Pianist, Composer, Teacher – Neo-Classicist

  • Studied at the New England Conservatory.
  • Studied in Germany at the Munich Conservatory (1883 -1885).
  • In 1907 he taught an educational series of chamber music known as Expositions at Harvard, Yale and Princeton Universities.
  • In 1909 he published The Lesson of the Clavichord in New Music Review writing “the reproduction of the Clavichord and Harpsichord is as important to the present-day students of keyboard music as are some recent discoveries of the antique to archaeologists.” [ 2 ]

Portrait of Arthur Whiting from Louis C. Elsen's, The History of American Music, 1904. [ 1 ]


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Library of Congress.  "Portrait of Arthur Whiting."  Photograph.  Original from Louis C. Elsen, The History of American Music.  New York: The Macmillan Company, 1904: pg. 212, fig. 60. Music Division. Library of Congress. Call number:ML200.E46.  LOC.Gov.  Library of Congress, n.d.  Web.  27 Oct. 2015.  No Known Copyright Restrictions.
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Haskell, Harry.   The Early Music Revival, A History.  Mineola: Dover Publications, Inc. 1996.  Google Books.  Web. 17 Sept. 2014.
Additional References:
  • "Arthur B. Whiting (1861-1936) [biography]."  The Library of Congress.  The Library of Congress, 12 Oct. 2014.  Web.  17 Sept. 2015.

Portrait of Claude Debussy
by Marcel Baschet, 1884. [ 1 ]

Claude Debussy (1862 – 1918) — French Composer – Late Romantic / Early 20th Century Period


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Baschet, Marcel, and uploaded by Mu.  Portrait of Claude Debussy.  1884.  Bibliotheque Nationale de France, Paris.  Commons Wikimedia.  Wikimedia Foundation,  Inc., 28 Jan. 2010.  Web.  16 Oct. 2015.  Public Domain.

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Baldwin piano company established by Dwight Hamilton Baldwin (1821 – 1899), a music teacher in Cincinnati, Ohio, becoming a retailer of pianos and organs.

Isidore Philippe (1863 – 1958) — Hungarian born French Pianist, Composer, Editor, Pedagogue

  • Pupil of Georges Mathias, Camille Saint-Saëns, and Stephen Heller at the Conservatoire de Paris.
  • Taught at the Conservatoire National de Musique de Paris and the American Conservatory of Fontainbleau.
  • Some of his pupils: Aaron Copland, Albert Schweitzer, Soulima Stravinsky.
  • Among his voluminous writings (over 100) on technical exercises was Exrecises Pratiques (1897), Exercises for the Independence of Fingers (1898), Etudes Techniques (1904), and Complete School of Technique (1908).

Portrait of Isidore Philippe 
by Louis Fréon, c. 1908/1910. [ 1 ]


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Charvex.  "Portrait of Isidore Philippe, photographed by Louis Fréon, c. 1908/1910."  Photograph.  Commons Wikimedia.  Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 2 July 2008.  Web.  27 Oct. 2015.  Public Domain.
Additional References:
  • Wadlington-Smythe, Jeremy.  "Isidor Philipp Hungarian-Born French Pianist (1863 – 1958)."  Forte Piano Pianissimo.  Forte Piano Pianissimo, 2009 – 2015.  Web. 17 Sept. 2015.
  • Timbrell, Charles.  "Philipp, Isidore [Isidor]."  Oxford Music Online.  Oxford University Press, 2007 – 2015.  Web.  17 Sept. 2015.
Page 16 of 28 pages

[ CLOSE ]
 

Additional References:
  • Mastehead Image: O’Donnell, Dylan.  "Piano Strings."  Photograph.  Deography.  Dylan O’Donnell, 1 Nov. 2010.  Web.  18 June 2015.  Public Domain.
  • Mandalatrece, Jim Doney.  "History of an Ascended Master, His Connection with Essenes, and The Secrecy of The Kanon."  ThaKanon.  Jim Doney Mandalatrece, n.d.  Web.  18 June 2015.
  • Blaise, Gary.  "The Early String Keyboards."  Gary Blaise.  Gary Blaise Early Keyboard Instruments, n.d.  Web.  18 June 2015.
  • "History of Classical Music."  Naxos.  Naxos Digital Services Ltd., n.d.  Web.  18 June 2015.
  • "History of the Piano."  Piano Technicians Guild.  Piano Technicians Guild, Inc. n.d.  Web.  18 June 2015.
  • "Development of the Piano."  Bluebook of Piano.  Bluebook of Pianos, 1933 – 2015.  18 June 2015.
  • Estrella, Steven G.  "Stylistic Timeline of Music History."  Steven Estrella.  Steven G. Estrella, 2013.  Web.  18 June 2015.
  • "The History of Graphical Music Notation."  Block Museum.  Mary and Leigh Block Museum of Art, n.d.  Web.  18 June 2015.
  • "The Piano Time Line: A Chronological History."  Concert Pitch Piano.  Concert Pitch Piano Services, 2000 – 2015.  Web.  18 June. 2015.
  • "History of the Piano."  Piano Tuners.  The UK Piano Pages, 1996 – 2015.  Web.  18 June. 2015.
  • Weinstock, Ron.  "A Personal List of Ten Great Blues Pianists."  In a Blue Mood.  In a Blue Mood, 25 Sept. 2009.  Web.  18 June 2015.
  • "Romantic Music."  Essential Humanities.  Essential Humanities, 2008 – 2013.  Web.  19 June 2015.
  • "List of Romantic-Era Composers."  Wikipedia.  Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. 15 Sept. 2015.  Web.  18 Sept. 2015.
  • Duchen, Jessica.  "Top 20: The World’s Greatest Pianists."  Sinfini Music.  Sinfini Music, 23 April 2014.  Web.  18 June 2015.
  • Solomon, Jon.  "The Ten Best Jazz Pianists of All Time."  Westword.  Denver Westword, LLC., 27 Aug. 2013.  18 June 2015.
  • Sturm, Connie Arrau, Debra Brubaker Burs, and Anita Jackson, eds.  "Annotated Bibliography of Sources on the History of Piano Technique and Piano Pedagogy."  Piano Technique.  Piano Technique.Net, n.d.  Web.  18 June 2015.
  • Groves Music Online for Music Research.  Oxford Music Online.  Oxford University Press, 2007 – 2015.  Web.  June – December 2015.
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Mon-Sat 10AM to 6PM
Sunday 1PM to 5PM

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