History Of The Piano

Tracing the roots of the piano to the very beginning of consciousness, when man first became aware of sound.

1425, Harpsichord Minden
C. 1480, Clavicytherium

C. 1450s, Hammered Dulcimer

At first believed to be of Persian origin but likely derived from Byzantium, the hammered dulcimer arrived in western Europe during the 15th century (Mid-1400s). A trapeziform box zither closely related to the psaltery, its strings were struck with light beaters, or hammers, instead of plucking or fingering. Two partitioning bridges on the soundboard divided courses of unfretted strings, providing extra chromatic notes. As the instrument evolved, the arrangement strings and additional bridges added to its complexity and versatility, and was likely a great inspiration in pushing the piano to become more expressive.

In many parts of the world, the dulcimer is known by different names, with corresponding attributes.

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Demonstration of a Hammer Dulcimer With Russell Cook of Master Works. 1
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Hammer Dulcimer Solo, 'Carol of the Bells.' 2

Page Sources

MasterWorksDulcimers.  "'Oh What A difference a Hammer Makes!’ with Russell Cook of Master Works."  Online Video Clip.  YouTube.  YouTube, 2 June 2011.  Web.  6 Nov. 2015.  Standard YouTube License.
Brock, William.  "'Carol of the Bells' Hammer Dulcimer Solo."  Online Video Clip.  YouTube.  YouTube, 28 Nov. 2009.  Web. 14 Oct. 2015.  Standard YouTube License.
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