History Of The Piano

Tracing the roots of the piano to the very beginning of consciousness, when man first became aware of sound.

1904, Kabalevsky
1906, Sykes

1905, Frances Clark

Book cover of Frances Clark's 'Questions and Answers: Practical Advice for Piano Teachers' from 1992.
Frances Clark's 'Questions and Answers: Practical Advice for Piano Teachers,' 1992. 1

Frances Clark (1905 – 1998): American Piano Pedagogue

  • AB degree from Kalamazoo College with graduate studies in music from University of Michigan, The Juilliard School, the Paris Conservatory, and the American Academy at Fontainebleau.
  • Trained under Nadia Bulanger and Isidor Philipp in Paris, and Ernest Hutcheson and Guy Maier from Julliard.
  • Started the first four-year piano pedagogy degree program in the United States at Kalamazoo College (Louise Gross was a student of the first class).
  • Along with Louise Goss, Clark was director of piano and piano pedagogy program at Westminster Choir College in New Jersey.
  • Co-founded (along with Louise Goss) The New School for Music Study in Princeton.
  • Pioneer of group piano teaching. Wrote Questions and Answers (1992) describing her philosophical approaches to group piano lessons.
  • The mission statement of The Frances Clark Center for Keyboard Pedagogy reads in part “to extend the influence of her [Francis Clark] inclusive and revolutionary philosophy of music education at the keyboard.” [ 2 ]

Page Sources

Clark, Frances.  Questions and Answers: Practical Advice for Piano Teachers.  Northfield: The Instrumentalist Company, 1992.  Scan of Book Cover.  Print.  15 Feb. 2016.  No Known Copyright Restrictions.
"Mission Statement."  Keyboard Pedagogy.  The Frances Clark Center for Keyboard Pedagogy, n.d.  Web.  17 Sept. 2015.
Additional References:
  • Kreader, Barbara.  "In Memorium Frances Clark 1905 – 1998."  Clavier Companion.  The Piano Magazine Clavier Companion, Winter 1998.  Web.  17 Sept. 2015.
  • Baker-Jordan, Martha, Dr.  Practical Piano Pedagogy: The Definitive Text for Piano Teachers and Pedagogy Students.  Warner Bros. Publications, 2003, 2004.  Google Books.  Web.  17 Sept. 2015.
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