History Of The Piano

Tracing the roots of the piano to the very beginning of consciousness, when man first became aware of sound.

1811, Liszt
C. 1812 - 1813, Ear Trumpets

1812, Thalberg

Portrait of Sigismund Thalberg, lithograph by Joseph Kriehuber in 1841 and photographed by Peter Geymayer.
Portrait of Sigismund Thalberg – Lithograph by Joseph Kriehuber, photographed by Peter Geymayer, 1841. 1

Sigismond Thalberg (1812 – 1871): Swiss Pianist, Composer – Romantic Period

  • A pupil of Mittag, Simon Sechter, Johann Nepomuk Hummel, J.P. Pixis, Kalkbrenner, and Ignaz Moscheles.
  • Considered an important virtuoso pianist of the 19th century, rivaling Franz Liszt.
  • Developed a “three-handed technique” using his thumbs that gave the impression that three hands were playing. “He not only possessed the mastery of touch in a transcendent degree and excelled in sostenuto playing by the use of the pedal, but actually discovered a method of making two hands produce the triple effect of melody, accompaniment, and bass on one keyboard.” [ 2 ]
  • In his work The Art of Song Applied to the Piano (L’art du Chant Appliqué au Piano, Op.70) (1853/1854), Thalberg’s “method comprises twenty-five transcriptions of vocal works by other composers, primarily operatic material. Each piece usually included Thalberg’s own introductory comment, consisting of some remarks and instructions based on a set of rules.” [ 3 ]

Page Sources

Kriehuber, Joseph, lithographer, and Peter Geymayer, photographer.  Portrait of Sigismund Thalberg.  1841.  Photograph.  Commons Wikimedia.  Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 6 Jan. 2007.  Web.  9 Oct. 2015.  Public Domain.
"Sigismond Thalberg."  New Advent.  Kevin Knight, 2012.  Web.  16 Sept. 2015.
Jovell, Patrick.  "Sigismond Thalberg’s 200th Anniversary."  Piano Street.  Op 111 Productions, 2001 – 2013.  Web. 16 Sept. 2015.
Additional References:
  • Wangermée, Robert.  "Thalberg, Sigismond (Fortuné François)."  Oxford Music Online.  Oxford University Press, 2007 – 2015.  Web.  16 Sept. 2015.
  • Gailey, Meredith.  "Sigismund Thalberg."  AllMusic.  All Media Netwrok, LLC., n.d.  Web.  16 Sept. 2015.
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