Tracing the roots of the piano to the very beginning of consciousness, when man first became aware of sound.
Sigismond Thalberg (1812 – 1871): Swiss Pianist, Composer – Romantic Period
- A pupil of Mittag, Simon Sechter, Johann Nepomuk Hummel, J.P. Pixis, Kalkbrenner, and Ignaz Moscheles.
- Considered an important virtuoso pianist of the 19th century, rivaling Franz Liszt.
- Developed a “three-handed technique” using his thumbs that gave the impression that three hands were playing. “He not only possessed the mastery of touch in a transcendent degree and excelled in sostenuto playing by the use of the pedal, but actually discovered a method of making two hands produce the triple effect of melody, accompaniment, and bass on one keyboard.” [ 2 ]
- In his work The Art of Song Applied to the Piano (L’art du Chant Appliqué au Piano, Op.70) (1853/1854), Thalberg’s “method comprises twenty-five transcriptions of vocal works by other composers, primarily operatic material. Each piece usually included Thalberg’s own introductory comment, consisting of some remarks and instructions based on a set of rules.” [ 3 ]
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Kriehuber, Joseph, lithographer, and Peter Geymayer, photographer. Portrait of Sigismund Thalberg. 1841. Photograph. Commons Wikimedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 6 Jan. 2007. Web. 9 Oct. 2015. Public Domain.
"Sigismond Thalberg." New Advent. Kevin Knight, 2012. Web. 16 Sept. 2015.
Jovell, Patrick. "Sigismond Thalberg’s 200th Anniversary." Piano Street. Op 111 Productions, 2001 – 2013. Web. 16 Sept. 2015.
- Wangermée, Robert. "Thalberg, Sigismond (Fortuné François)." Oxford Music Online. Oxford University Press, 2007 – 2015. Web. 16 Sept. 2015.
- Gailey, Meredith. "Sigismund Thalberg." AllMusic. All Media Netwrok, LLC., n.d. Web. 16 Sept. 2015.