Tracing the roots of the piano to the very beginning of consciousness, when man first became aware of sound.
Friedrich Kalkbrenner (1785 – 1849): German born French Pianist, Composer, Teacher, Piano Manufacturer – Classical Period
- Studied at the Paris Conservatoire.
- Wrote Méthode pour Apprendre le Piano à l'aide du Guide-Mains Op. 108 (1831) which included the use of the chiroplast or hand guide, (invented by Johan Bernhard Logier), to aid with hand positioning, it came to be known as “Kalkbrenner’s Technique.”
- Partner in Pleyel’s Fortepiano Factory.
- Head of French Pianoforte School.
- Taught Camille-Marie Stamaty (whose own pupils were Moreau Gottschalk and Camille Saint-Saëns), Arabella Goddard and Marie-Felicite-Denise Pleyel.
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Lieberknecht, Otfried. "Portrait detail of Friedrich Kalkbrenner by Auguste Bry, original drawing by Alphonse Farcy." Scan. Commons Wikimedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 8 May 2006. Web. 9 Oct. 2015. Public Domain.
- Dekeyser, Paul. "Kalkbrenner, Frédéric [Friedrich Wilhelm Michael]." Oxford Music Online. Oxford University Press, 2007 – 2015. Web. 14 Sept. 2015.
- "Friedrich Kalkbrenner." Palace Pianos. Palace Pianos, 2008 – 2015. Web. 15 Sept. 2015.