History Of The Piano

Tracing the roots of the piano to the very beginning of consciousness, when man first became aware of sound.

C. 1160, Staff Appeared
C. 1280, Citole

1200, Chifonie

Illustration of a symphonia instrument depicted in Codex de El Escorial, 1221-1284.
Symphonia Cantiga 160 – Cantigas de Sta. Maria
of Alfonso X the Wise,
Codex de El Escorial, 1221-1284
. 1

The chifonie (or symphonia), a modified hurdy-gurdy (and variant of the solo organistrum), refined into a portable, single player instrument, and predominantly used for secular music.

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Chifonie Médiévale. 2

Page Sources

Grosasm.  "Symphonia de Cantiga 160, Cantigas de Sta. María de Alfonso X El Sabio, Códice de El Escorial (1221-1284), photographed by G. Rosa."  Photograph.  Commons Wikiemdia.  Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 17 Oct. 2006.  Web.  9 Oct. 2015.  GFDL, and CC BY-SA 3.0.
Michautable.  "Chifonie Médiévale."  Online Video Clip.  YouTube.  YouTube, 17 March 2014.  Web.  14 Oct. 2015.   Standard YouTube License.
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