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PIANO TIMELINE

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1823, Chickering

Tracing from the engraved nameboard for Jonas Chickering c. 1828-1830.
Jonas Chickering Engraved Nameboard Plaque, c. 1828-1830. 1

Chickering and Sons (originally Stewart & Chickering) established by Jonas Chickering (1798 – 1853) and James Stewart, in Boston, Massachusetts.

Page Sources

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[1]
Mireut.  "Jonas Chickering Engraved Nameboard Plaque, c. 1828 - 1830."  Traced from an Engraving.  Commons Wikimedia.  Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 24 Jan. 2009.  Web.  12 Oct. 2015.  Public Domain.
Additional References:
  • "Chickering & Sons."  Antique Piano Shop.  Antique Piano Shop, n.d.  Web.  17 Sept 2015.
  • Kuntz, Ed.  "A Short History of the Chickering Piano Co."  Calgary Community Network Assoc.  Calgary Community Network Assoc., n.d.  Web.  17 Sept. 2015.
  • Dolge, Alfred.  Pianos and Their Makers: A Comprehensive History of the Development of the Piano from the Monochord to the Concert Grand Player Piano, Volume 1.  Covina: Covina Publishing Company, 1911.  Google Books.  Web. 17 Sept. 2015.

1825, Brodmann Patent

Joseph Brodmann patented the three-ply soundboard, which served to facilitate increased string tension.

1828, Bösendorfer

Bösendorfer company logo.
Bösendorfer Logo. 1

Joseph Brodmann retires, selling his workshop to Ignaz Bösendorfer (1794 – 1859), a former apprentice, establishing Bösendorfer Piano Company to preserve the original inspiration and character of the Viennese instrument.

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[1]
Gaspard.  File Upload Bot.  "Bösendorfer Logo."  Digital Art.  Commons Wikimedia.  Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 3 June. 2011.  Web.  5 Feb. 2016.  Public Domain.

1831, Érard

After the death of Érard, his nephew Pierre Érard took over the company.

1839, Knabe

Detail of a Knabe & Gaehle Piano, photographed by Sean Davis in 2012.
Knabe & Gaehle Piano, photographed by Sean Davis. 1

Knabe piano company (originally known as Knabe & Gaehle) established by German born Wilhem (William) Knabe (1803 – 1864) along with Henry Gaehle in Baltimore, Maryland.

Page Sources

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[1]
Davis, Sean.  "Knabe & Gaehle."  Photograph.  Flickr.  Flickr, a Yahoo Company, 7 July 2012.  Web.  23 Oct. 2015.  CC BY-ND 2.0.
Additional References:
  • "Knabe History."  Knabe Pianos.  Samick Music Corporation, n.d.  Web.  17 Sept. 2015.

1842, Hardman Peck

Company contemporary logo for Hardman Peck.
Hardman Peck Contemporary Logo.

Hardman Peck piano company, established by Liverpudlian Hugh Hardman (b. 1815) in New York, arguably developed the first good commercial grade upright piano.

1843, Chickering Patent

Chickering received patent for complete cast-iron grand frame.

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Additional References:
  • Kuntz, Ed.  "A Short History of the Chickering Piano Co."  Calgary Community Network Assoc.  Calgary Community Network Assoc., n.d.  Web.  17 Sept. 2015.

1853, Blüthner

Detail of a Blüthner Piano, photographed by Mark Dommisse in 2013.
Detail of Blüthner Piano by Mark Dommisse, 2013. 1

Blüthner piano company established by Julius Blüthner (1824 – 1910) in Leipzig, Germany.

Page Sources

SOURCES
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[1]
Scann001.  "Close-up of a Blüthner Piano, taken by Mark Dommisse."  Digital Photograph.  Commons Wikimedia.  Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 12 Oct. 2013.  Web.  23 Oct. 2015.  CC0 1.0.

1853, Bechstein

Detail of a C. Bechstein piano.
C. Bechstein Piano.

C. Bechstein piano company established by Carl Bechstein (1826 – 1900) in Berlin, Germany.

1853, Steinway

Portrait of Henry E. Steinway, c. 1892.
Portrait of Henry E. Steinway, c. 1892.1

Steinway & Sons established by Henry E. Steinway (1797 – 1871) and his sons in New York City.

Company logo on the soundboard for Steinway
View the stats on pre-owned Steinway.

Page Sources

SOURCES
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[1]
William Jay Youmans, ed., and Daniel Spillane.  "Musical Instruments—The Piano-Forte."  (Portrait of Henry E. Steinway.  c. 1892.)  Popular Science Monthly. Vol. XL November 1891 to April 1892: p. 487, fig 15.  Internet Archive.  Web.  21 Sept. 2015.  No Known Copyright Restrictions.
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