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PIANO TIMELINE

History Of The Piano

Tracing the roots of the piano to the very beginning of consciousness, when man first became aware of sound.

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Page 9 of 29 pages

1792, Rossini

Caricature of Gioachino Rossini
from the Le Hanneton Magazine, by H. Mailly in 1867.
Caricature of Rossini
from Le Hanneton Magazine by H. Mailly, 1867. 1

Gioachino Rossini (1792 – 1868): Italian Composer – Late Classical Period / Early Romantic Period

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[1]
Mailly, H, and uploaded by Dnlpvic.  Caricature of Rossini.  4 July 1867.  Bibliothéque Nationale de France from Le Hanneton Magazine, France.  Commons Wikimedia.  Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 12 Feb. 2006.  Web.  16 Sept. 2015.  Public Domain.

1794, Moscheles

Portrait of Ignaz Moscheles by Godefroy Engelmann and Pierre Roch Vigneron, c. 1820 – 1840.
Portrait of Ignaz Moscheles by Godefroy Engelmann and Pierre Roch Vigneron, c. 1820 – 1840. 1

Ignaz Moscheles (1794 – 1870): Prague Born Pianist, Conductor, Composer, Teacher – Late Classical / Early Romantic Period

  • Studied piano at a young age and was taught by B. D. Weber, director of the Prague Conservatory from 1804 - 1808.
  • In 1808, moved to Vienna to be more connected to his musical idol Beethoven, as he felt: “Beethoven is great—whom should I call greater?” There, studied under Johann Georg Albrechtsberger (1736 – 1809) and Antonio Salieri (1750 – 1825).
  • Circa 1814, Beethoven asked him to create the piano arrangement for his opera Fidelio.
  • Became conductor and eventually co-director of the Royal Philharmonic Society.
  • “Teaching was a central part of Moscheles’ career from his early years in Vienna until his death in Leipzig in 1870. The list of Moscheles’ students […] is long and impressive. For example, Moscheles calculated that in just one year, 1835, he had given in London ‘1457 lessons, of which 1328 were paid, and 129 gratis.’ If one […] extrapolates this to a teaching career of fifty years, the numbers are truly staggering.” [ 2 ]
  • Taught at the London Royal Academy of Music and Leipzig Conservatory, as well as private lessons and other cities.
  • Some of his pupils: Camille Pleyel, Sigismond Thalberg, and Felix Mendelssohn.
  • In his work Method of Methods (Méthode des Méthodes) (1839/1840) co-written with Francis Joseph Fétis, Moscheles articulates on piano technique, music theory and “a wide sampling of views, opinions and approaches to the piano and its literature from most of the major teachers of the era.” [ 3 ]

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[1]
Mu.  "Portrait of Ignaz Moscheles by Godefroy Engelmann and Pierre Roch Vigneron, c. 1820 – 1840."  Scan.  Located in the New York Public Library’s Digital Gallery, New York.  Commons Wikimedia.  Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 1 March 2011.  Web.  9 Oct. 2015.  Public Domain.
[2]
Kroll, Mark.  Ignaz Moscheles and the Changing World of Musical Europe.  Woodbridge: The Boydell Press, 2014: pg. 166.  Google Books.  Web.  16 Sept. 2015.
[3]
Kroll, Mark.  Ignaz Moscheles and the Changing World of Musical Europe.  Woodbridge: The Boydell Press, 2014: pg. 192.  Google Books.  Web.  16 Sept. 2015.
Additional References:
  • Chambers, Jr., Robert W.  "Ignaz Moscheles (1794-1870)."  Moscheles.  Moscheles, 2004.  Web.  16 Sept. 2016.

1795, Marx

Lithograph of Adolf Bernhard Marx, produced in the 19th century.
Lithograph of A. B. Marx, 19th Century. 1

Adolf Bernhard Marx (1795 – 1866): German Music Theorist, Critic, Pedagogue

  • Considered “one of the most influential theorist[s] of the 19th century, Marx named and codified sonata form.” [ 2 ]
  • Editor of Berliner Allgemeine Musikalische Zeitung.
  • Professor musicology at the University of Berlin and then later director of music.
  • Among his many writings, his most famous was Die Lehre von der Musikalischen Komposition (1837/1838, 1845 and 1847).
  • Co-founded what is now known as Stern Conservatory with Theodor Kullak and Julius Stern.

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[1]
Music Division, The New York Public Library.  "Lithograph of A. B. Marx, 19th C."  The New York Public Library Digital Collections.  The New York Public Library, n.d.  Web.  16 Oct. 2015.  Public Domain.
[2]
Pederson, Sanna.  "Marx, (Friedrich Heinrich) Adolf Bernhard [Samuel Moses]."  Oxford Music Online.  Oxford University Press, 2007 – 2015.  Web.  16 Sept. 2015.

1795, Ritmüller

Ritmüller, since 1795 – logo.
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Ritmüller piano company established by Andreas Georg Ritmüller (b. Unknown – c. 1800) and his son, Gotlieb Wilhelm Ritmüller (1770 – 1829) in Gottingen, Germany, originally produced guitars and harps before eventually devoting much of their production on pianos in 1795.

1796, Érard

Érard returned to Paris.

1797, Schubert

Portrait of Franz Schubert, painted by Wilhelm August Rieder in 1825, in the Schubert Geburtshaus, Vienna, Austria.
Portrait of Franz Schubert
by Wilhelm August Rieder, 1825. 1

Franz Schubert (1797 – 1828): Austrian Composer – Late Classical / Early Romantic Period

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[1]
Rieder, Wilhelm August, and uploaded by Greenhorn~commonswiki.  Franz Schubert.  1825.  Schubert Geburtshaus, Vienna.  Commons Wikimedia.  Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 20 May 2006.  Web.  16 Sept. 2015.  Public Domain.

1798, Bertini

Portrait of Henri Bertini by Marie Alexandre Adolphe, c. 1850.
Henri Bertini, c. 1850. 1

Henri Bertini (1798 – 1876): London Born French Pianist, Composer – Classical Period

  • Born into a family of musicians, his brother (who was himself a student of Muzio Clementi) was his primary teacher.
  • Though considered a virtuoso pianist with some success, he is best remembered for his piano studies in technique. Among the 20 books comprising 500 études, Le Rudiment de Pianiste and Methode de Piano Elementaire et Facile are the most famous.

Page Sources

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[1]
Alophe, Marie-Alexandre, and uploaded by Charvex.  "Portrait of Henri Bertini by Marie Alexandre Adolphe, c. 1850."  Scan.  Commons Wikimedia.  Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 28 Dec. 2007.  Web.  9 Oct. 2015.  Public Domain.
Additional References:
  • Johnson, Keith.  "Henri Bertini."  AllMusic.  All Media Network, LLC., n.d.  Web.  16 Sept. 2016.
  • "Henri Bertini: 1798 – 1876 Piano Virtuoso, Music Composer."  Google Translate.  n.p., n.d.  Web.  16 Sept. 2015.

C.1800, Brodmann

Brodmann company logo.
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Brodmann piano company established by Prussian born Joseph Brodmann (c. 1771 – 1848) began producing pianos, borrowing from the influence of Ferdinand Hofmann and Anton Walter.

1803, Herz

Portrait of Henri Herz by Achillle Devéria in 1832.
Portrait of Henri Herz, 1832. 1

Henri Herz (1803 – 1888): Austrian Pianist, Composer, Teacher, Piano Manufacturer

  • A prodigy from a musical family, Herz studied piano with his father and the organist Daniel Hünten.
  • In 1816, he attended the Paris Conservatoire (later teaching there) and studied with Louis-Barthélémy Pradher, Victor Dourlen, and Antonín Reicha.
  • Asked by Franz Liszt to compose a variation to Hexaméron; other contributors were Frédéric Chopin, Carl Czerny, Johann Peter Pixis, and Sigismond Thalberg.
  • Along with his brother Jacques Simon Herz (1794 – 1880), he founded the École Spéciale de Piano de Paris.
  • As a pedagogue, he is known for his finger exercises.
  • Partnering in a piano-manufacturing firm, he established his own piano factory in 1851 and produced pianos that were considered equal to Érard and Pleyel. His piano was awarded first prize in 1855 at the Paris Exposition.
  • In 1836, he built a concert hall.

Page Sources

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[1]
Mu.  "Portrait of Henri Herz, drawn by Achillle Devéria, 1832."  Scan of a Drawing.  Commons Wikimedia.  Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 8 March 2009.  Web.  9 Oct. 2015.  Public Domain.
Additional References:
  • Lindeman, Stephen D.  "Herz, Henri [Heinrich]."  Oxford Music Online.  Oxford University Press, 2007 – 2015.  Web.  16 Sept. 2015.
  • Johnson, Keith.  "Henri Herz."  AllMusic.  All Media Network, LLC., n.d.  Web.  16 Sept. 2015.

1803, Berlioz

Engraving of Hector Berlioz from the New York Public Library Archive.
Engraving of Hector Berlioz. 1

Hector Berlioz (1803 – 1869): French Composer – Romantic Period

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[1]
OttawaAC.  "Engraving of Hector Berlioz (1803-1869)."  Engraving.  Original in the Historical and Public Figure Collection at the New York Public Library Archives.  Commons Wikimedia.  Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 29 Aug. 2011.  Web.  16 Sept. 2015.  Public Domain.
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