Tracing the roots of the piano to the very beginning of consciousness, when man first became aware of sound.
1735, JC Bach
John Christian Bach (1735 – 1782): German Composer (Son of J.S. Bach) – Classical Period
Antonio Boroni (1738–1792): Italian Composer, Choirmaster – Late Baroque / Early Classical Period
- Taught his relative Muzio Clementi.
- Maestro din Cappella at Saint Peter’s Basilica.
1748, Stein Apprentice
Johann (Georg) Andreas Stein believed to have been an apprentice at the Silberman workshop in Strasbourg (1748 – 1749).
- Latcham, Michael. "Stein, Johann (Georg) Andreas." Oxford Music Online. Oxford University Press, 2007 – 2015. Web. 15 Sept. 2015.
Johann Peter Milchmeyer (1750 – 1813): German Pedagogue of Harp and Keyboard Instruments
- His work The True Art of Playing the Pianoforte (Die Wahre Art Das Pianoforte Zu Spielen) (1797), considered among the first discourse dedicated solely to piano playing and “was specifically conceived as a self-instruction manual for the growing number of amateurs who wished to play fashionable piano. Selling more than 530 copies, the book was an immediate and striking success.” [ 1 ]
- His work is of historic value as it illustrates early pianoforte technique.
- Served as the Dresden Court Musician.
- Rosenblum, Sandra P. Performance Practices in Classic Piano Music: Their Principals and Applications. Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1988. Google Books. Web. 15 Sept. 2015.
- Da Costa, Neal Peres. Off the Record: Performing Practices in Romantic Piano Playing. New York: Oxford University Press, USA, 2012. Google Books. 15 Sept. 2015.
Daniel Gottlob Türk (1750 – 1813): German Theorist, Composer, Organist, Professor – Classical Period
- Director of music at Halle University where he also taught music theory and composition.
- Organist and musical director of the Marktkirche.
- Among his many writings is School of Clavier Playing (Klavierschule) (1789), a theoretical treatise is “…one of the most important sources for keyboard performance practice of the late 18th century.” [ 1 ]
- Grave, Floyd K. "School of Clavier Playing by Daniel Gottlob Türk, Translation and Notes by Raymond H. Haggh." Notes. Second Series Vol. 40, No.4. June 1984. JSTOR. Web. 15 Sept. 2015.
- Jacobi, Erwin R. "Türk, Daniel Gottlob." Oxford Music Online. Oxford University Press, 2007 – 2015. Web. 15 Sept. 2015.
Antonio Salieri (1750 – 1825): Italian Composer – Classical Period
1752, CF Cramer
Carl Friedrich Cramer (1752 – 1807): German born English Linguist, Publisher, Composer, Writer
- He wrote and edited a periodical called Magazin der Musik (1783 – 1786/7), which changed its name to Musik in 1789: comprised of music criticism, essays, publications, and concert programs.
Muzio Clementi (1752–1832): Italian born English Composer, Keyboard Player, Teacher, Music Publisher, Piano Manufacturer – Classical Period
- Popularized the pianoforte.
- His two works Introduction to the Art of Playing on the Piano Forte, Op. 42 and Op.43 (1801) and Gradus ad Parnassum (1817) “became staples in the education of pianists at all levels.” [ 2 ]
- Teacher of Cramer and John Field, who influenced Chopin.
- "Introduction to the Art of Playing the Pianoforte, Op. 42." Musopen. Musopen, n.d. Web. 15 Sept. 2015.
- Eskenazi, Jeremy. "Muzio Clementi (1752-1832): Life and Work." Clementi Society. Jeremy Eskenazi, 2008. Web. 15 Sept. 2015.
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756 – 1791): Austrian Composer – Classical Period
1760, 12 Apostles
The “twelve apostles’ arrive in England, men from Gottfried Silbermann’s workshop, which had closed because of the Seven Year’s War. This marked the beginning of England’s role in the development of the piano, with Johannes Zumpe creating smaller, compact square pianos (the first appearing c. 1766). A few instruments survive the period, despite their immediate popularity.