HPC: INFO & NAVIGATION

PIANO TIMELINE

History Of The Piano

Tracing the roots of the piano to the very beginning of consciousness, when man first became aware of sound.

SINGLE
Page 6 of 29 pages

1735, JC Bach

Portrait of Johann Christian Bach, painted by Thomas Gainsborough in 1776, in the National Portrait Gallery, London.
Johann Christian Bach, 1776. 1

John Christian Bach (1735 – 1782): German Composer (Son of J.S. Bach) – Classical Period

Page Sources

SOURCES
[ CLOSE ]
 
[1]
Gainsborough, Thomas, and uploaded by User:Dcoetzee.  Portrait of Johann Christian Bach.  1776.  National Portrait Gallery, London.  Commons Wikimedia.  Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 29 March 2009.  Web.  15 Sept. 2015.  Public Domain.

1738, Boroni

Image of sheet music, La Notte Critica, from composer Antonio Boroni.
La Notte Critica Score by Antonio Boroni. 1

Antonio Boroni (1738–1792): Italian Composer, Choirmaster – Late Baroque / Early Classical Period

  • Taught his relative Muzio Clementi.
  • Maestro din Cappella at Saint Peter’s Basilica.

Page Sources

SOURCES
[ CLOSE ]
 
[1]
Boroni, Antonio, and uploaded by jakej.  La Notte Critica.  International Music Score Library Project (IMSLP).  Internet Archive.  Web.  13 Oct. 2015.   No Known Copyright Restrictions.

1748, Stein Apprentice

Johann (Georg) Andreas Stein believed to have been an apprentice at the Silberman workshop in Strasbourg (1748 – 1749).

Page Sources

SOURCES
[ CLOSE ]
 
Additional References:
  • Latcham, Michael.  "Stein, Johann (Georg) Andreas."  Oxford Music Online.  Oxford University Press, 2007 – 2015.  Web.  15 Sept. 2015.

1750, Milchmeyer

Johann Peter Milchmeyer (1750 – 1813): German Pedagogue of Harp and Keyboard Instruments

  • His work The True Art of Playing the Pianoforte (Die Wahre Art Das Pianoforte Zu Spielen) (1797), considered among the first discourse dedicated solely to piano playing and “was specifically conceived as a self-instruction manual for the growing number of amateurs who wished to play fashionable piano. Selling more than 530 copies, the book was an immediate and striking success.” [ 1 ]
  • His work is of historic value as it illustrates early pianoforte technique.
  • Served as the Dresden Court Musician.

Page Sources

SOURCES
[ CLOSE ]
 
[1]
Skowroneck, Tilman.  Beethoven the Pianist.  New York: Cambridge University Press, 2010.  Google Books.  Web. 15 Sept. 2014.
Additional References:
  • Rosenblum, Sandra P.  Performance Practices in Classic Piano Music: Their Principals and Applications.  Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1988.  Google Books.  Web. 15 Sept. 2015.
  • Da Costa, Neal Peres.  Off the Record: Performing Practices in Romantic Piano Playing.  New York: Oxford University Press, USA, 2012.  Google Books.  15 Sept. 2015.

1750, Türk

Daniel Gottlob Türk (1750 – 1813): German Theorist, Composer, Organist, Professor – Classical Period

  • Director of music at Halle University where he also taught music theory and composition.
  • Organist and musical director of the Marktkirche.
  • Among his many writings is School of Clavier Playing (Klavierschule) (1789), a theoretical treatise is “…one of the most important sources for keyboard performance practice of the late 18th century.” [ 1 ]

Page Sources

SOURCES
[ CLOSE ]
 
[1]
"Daniel Gottlob Turk (1750-1813)."  Naxos.  Naxos Digital Services Ltd., n.d.  Web.  15 Sept. 2015.
Additional References:
  • Grave, Floyd K.  "School of Clavier Playing by Daniel Gottlob Türk, Translation and Notes by Raymond H. Haggh."  Notes.  Second Series Vol. 40, No.4.  June 1984.  JSTOR.  Web.  15 Sept. 2015.
  • Jacobi, Erwin R.  "Türk, Daniel Gottlob."  Oxford Music Online.  Oxford University Press, 2007 – 2015.  Web.  15 Sept. 2015.

1750, Salieri

Portrait of Antonio Salieri, by Joseph Willibrod Mähler in 1815, in the Sammlungen der Gesellschaft der Musikfreunde, Germany.
Portrait of Antonio Salieri, 1815. 1

Antonio Salieri (1750 – 1825): Italian Composer – Classical Period

Page Sources

SOURCES
[ CLOSE ]
 
[1]
Mähler, Joseph Willibrord, and uploaded by Gryffindor.  Portrait of Antonio Salieri (1750-1825).  1815.  Sammlungen der Gesellschaft der Musikfreunde, Germany. Commons Wikimedia.  Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 30 Nov. 2008.  Web.  15 Sept. 2015.  Public Domain.

1752, CF Cramer

Carl Friedrich Cramer (1752 – 1807): German born English Linguist, Publisher, Composer, Writer

  • He wrote and edited a periodical called Magazin der Musik (1783 – 1786/7), which changed its name to Musik in 1789: comprised of music criticism, essays, publications, and concert programs.

1752, Clementi

Photographic reproduction of the Muzio Clementi portrait, painted by Sopus Williams.
Muzio Clementi – Photographic reproduction of a painting by Sopus Williams. 1

Muzio Clementi (1752–1832): Italian born English Composer, Keyboard Player, Teacher, Music Publisher, Piano Manufacturer – Classical Period

  • Popularized the pianoforte.
  • His two works Introduction to the Art of Playing on the Piano Forte, Op. 42 and Op.43 (1801) and Gradus ad Parnassum (1817) “became staples in the education of pianists at all levels.” [ 2 ]
  • Teacher of Cramer and John Field, who influenced Chopin.

Page Sources

SOURCES
[ CLOSE ]
 
[1]
TommyG.  "Photographic Reproduction Portrait of  Muzio Clementi painted by Sopus Williams."  Photograph.  Original in the Bergen Public Library, Norway.  Commons Wikimedia.  Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 8 Sept. 2014.  Web.  21 Sept. 2015.  Public Domain.
[2]
Plantinga, Leon.  "Clementi, Muzio [Clementi, Mutius Philippus Vincentius Franciscus Zaverius]."  Oxford Music Online.  Oxford University Press, 2007 – 2015.  Web.  15 Sept. 2015.
Additional References:
  • "Introduction to the Art of Playing the Pianoforte, Op. 42."  Musopen.  Musopen, n.d.  Web.  15 Sept. 2015. 
  • Eskenazi, Jeremy.  "Muzio Clementi (1752-1832): Life and Work."  Clementi Society.  Jeremy Eskenazi, 2008.  Web.  15 Sept. 2015.

1756, Mozart

Portrait of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart, painited by Barbara Kraft in 1819, in the Gesellschaft der Musikfreunde, Austria.
Portrait of Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart by Barbara Kraft, 1819 (after the composer's death, using several portraits as references). 1

Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart (1756 – 1791): Austrian Composer – Classical Period

Page Sources

SOURCES
[ CLOSE ]
 
[1]
Kraft, Barbara, and uploaded by Luestling~commonswiki.  Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.  1819.  Gesellschaft der Musikfreunde, Austria.  Commons Wikimedia.  Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 15 May 2005.  Web.  15 Sept. 2015.  Public Domain.

1760, 12 Apostles

Zumpe piano built in 1776, in the Museu de la Música de Barcelona, Spain.
Johann Christoph Zumpe's Square Piano, c. 1776. 1

The “twelve apostles’ arrive in England, men from Gottfried Silbermann’s workshop, which had closed because of the Seven Year’s War. This marked the beginning of England’s role in the development of the piano, with Johannes Zumpe creating smaller, compact square pianos (the first appearing c. 1766). A few instruments survive the period, despite their immediate popularity.

Page Sources

SOURCES
[ CLOSE ]
 
[1]
Sguastevi.  "Zumpe Piano, in the Museu de la Música de Barcelona, 1776."  Photograph.  Commons Wikimedia.  Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 15 June 2015.  Web.  14 Oct. 2015.  CC BY-SA 3.0.
Page 6 of 29 pages
End of Article