HPC: INFO & NAVIGATION

PIANO TIMELINE

History Of The Piano

Tracing the roots of the piano to the very beginning of consciousness, when man first became aware of sound.

SINGLE

1912, Cage

Portrait of John Cage, photographed by Rob/Anefo Bogaerts, in 1988.
Portrait of John Cage, 1988. 1

John Cage (1912 – 1992): American Avant Garde Composer, Pianist – 20th Century period

Page Sources

SOURCES
[ CLOSE ]
 
[1]
Tekstman.  “John Cage by Rob/Anefo Bogaerts, 23 June 1988."  Photograph.  Original in Nationaal Archief – National Archives of the Netherlands, The Hague.  Commons Wikimedia.  Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 13 June 2015.  Web. 28 Sept. 2015.  National Archief, Spaarnestad Photo, and CC BY-SA 3.0 NL

1914, Grindea

Book cover from Carola Grindea's 'Great Pianists and Pedagogues in Conversation with Carola Grindea'.
Carola Grindea's 2007 Book. 1

Carola Grindea (1914 – 2009): Moldovia Born Pianist, Teacher, Author

  • Educated at Bucharest Conservatory.
  • Scholarship studies under Tobias Matthay.
  • Professor at Guildhall School of Music.
  • Founded the International Society for the Study of Tension in Performance (ISSTP).
  • Developed breathing exercises for relaxation.
  • In her book Great Pianists and Pedagogues, she interviews more than 40 pianists and pedagogues of the 20th century.

Page Sources

SOURCES
[ CLOSE ]
 
[1]
Grindea, Carola.  Great Pianists and Pedagogues in Conversation with Carola Grindea.  Kahn & Averill: London, 2007.  Book Cover.  Amazon.  Amazon.Com, 1996 – 2016.  Web.  14 Feb. 2016.  No Known Copyright Restrictions.
Additional References:
  • Menuhin, Yalta.  "Carola Grindea Speaks with Yaltah Menuhin About Her Musical Upbringing and Career."  Yalta Menuhin.  Piano Journal, no 3, 1982.  Web.  17 Sept. 2015.
  • "Piano Technique Reviews: Carola Grindea and Grindea Technique."  Piano Technique.  Maple Grove Music Productions, n.d.  Web.  17 Sept. 2015.
  • Siepmann, Jeremy.  "Carola Grindea: World-Famous Pioano Teacher Concerned with the Stress of Performance."  The Guardian.  Guardian News and Media Limited, 1 Sept. 2009.  Web.  17 Sept. 2015.
  • "Professor Carola Grindea."  The Telegraph.  Telegraph Media Group Limited, 23 July 2009.  Web.  17 Sept. 2015.
  • "History of ISSTIP."  ISSTIP.  International Society for the Study of Tension in Performance, 2005 – 2015.  Web.  17 Sept. 2015.

1914, Howard

Portrait of Camille Howard.
Portrait of Camille Howard. 1

Camille Howard (1914 – 1993): American Blues Pianist, Singer

Page Sources

SOURCES
[ CLOSE ]
 
[1]
Sliptrail.  "Camille Howard – Business Woman."  Online Video Still.  YouTube.  YouTube, 12 Jan. 2015.  Web.  14 Feb. 2016.  Standard YouTube License.

1915, Richter

Portrait of Sviatoslav Richter from an album cover.
Portrait of Sviatoslav Richter. 1

Sviatoslav Richter (1915 – 1997): Russian Classical Pianist

Page Sources

SOURCES
[ CLOSE ]
 

1916, Gilels

Portrait of Emil Gilels.
Portrait of Emil Gilels. 1

Emil Gilels (1916 – 1985): Russian Classical Pianist

Page Sources

SOURCES
[ CLOSE ]
 
[1]
Addiobelpassato.  "Emil Gilels ‘Ptitle="" relude & Fugue No 5’ Shostakovich."  Online Video Still.  YouTube.  YouTube, 19 Dec. 2013.  Web.  14 Feb. 2016.  Standard YouTube License.

1917, Lipatti

Dinu Lipatti playing the Piano in 1950.
Dinu Lipatti at the Piano, 1950. 1

Dinu Lipatti (1917 – 1950): Romanian Classical Pianist, Composer – 20th Century Period

Page Sources

SOURCES
[ CLOSE ]
 
[1]
Mu.  "Romanian Pianist Dinu Lipatti (1917-1950) Playing in Besançon, France, on 16 September 1950."  Photograph.  Commons Wikimedia.  Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 7 Sept. 2010.  Web.  5 Nov. 2015.  Public Domain.

1917, Monk

Brush and ink portrait of Thelonius Monk painted by N.C. Mallory in 2010.
Brush & Ink of Thelonius Monk  by N.C. Mallory, 2010. 1

Thelonious Monk (1917 – 1982): American Composer, Jazz Pianist – 20th Century Period (An “architect of bebop” jazz)

Page Sources

SOURCES
[ CLOSE ]
 
[1]
NCMallory.  "Thelonius Monk (3) American Musician, Composer, Pianist, Band Leader and Jazz Immortal."  Brush & Ink.  Flickr.  Flickr, a Yahoo Company, 19 April 2010.  Web.  4 Nov. 2015.  CC BY-ND 2.0.

1918, Bernstein

Leonard Bernstein making annotations to a musical score in 1955, photographed by Al Ravenna.
Leonard Bernstein Making Annotations to Musical Score  by Al Ravenna, 1955. 1

Leonard Bernstein (1918 – 1990): American Composer, Pianist, Conductor – 20th Century Period

Page Sources

SOURCES
[ CLOSE ]
 
[1]
Ravenna, Al.  Leonard Bernstein Making Annotations to Musical Score.  1955.  Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division, Washington, D.C., Part of New York World-Telegram and the Sun Newspaper Photograph Collection, Digital ID cph 3c27784LOC.Gov.  Library of Congress, n.d.  Web.  5 Nov. 2015.  No Known Copyright Restrictions.

1919, Cole

Nat King Cole (1919 – 1965): American Jazz Pianist, Composer, and Vocalist

YouTube Placeholder Image for J1glriB54oE
An Evening with Nat King Cole, 1963. 1

Page Sources

SOURCES
[ CLOSE ]
 
[1]
Vas géza.  "An Evening with Nat King Cole HD."  Online Video Clip.  YouTube.  YouTube,11 Dec. 2011.  Web.  9 Aug. 2019.  Standard YouTube License.

1920, Brubeck

Portrait of Dave Brubeck, photographed by Carl Van Vechten, in 1954.
Portrait of Dave Brubeck, 1954. 1

Dave Brubeck (1920 – 2012): American Composer, Jazz Pianist, Bandleader – 20th Century Period (West-Coast Jazz)

Page Sources

SOURCES
[ CLOSE ]
 
[1]
Van Vechten, CarlPortrait of Dave Brubeck with Sheet Music as Backdrop.  1954.  Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division, Washington, D.C., Part of Carl Van Vechten Collection  Digital ID cph 3c03725.  LOC.Gov.  Library of Congress, n.d.  Web.  5 Nov. 2015.  No Known Copyright Restrictions.
End of Article