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PIANO TIMELINE

History Of The Piano

Tracing the roots of the piano to the very beginning of consciousness, when man first became aware of sound.

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1904, Johnson

Pete Johnson playing the piano c. 1946, photographed by William P. Gottlieb.
Pete Johnson Seated at the Piano, c. 1946. 1

Pete Johnson (1904 – 1967): American Boogie-Woogie Pianist

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Gottlieb, William PPortrait of Pete Johnson, Café Society (Downtown)(?), New York, N.Y., c. Aug 1946.  C. 1946.  Library of Congress Music Division, Washington, D.C.,  Part of William P. Gottlieb Collection.  LOC.Gov.  Library of Congress, n.d.  Web.  4 Nov. 2015.  Public Domain.

1904, Basie

Still image of Count Basie from the film 'Rhythm and Blues Revue' in 1955.
Count Basie from the film 'Rhythm and Blues Revue' by Joseph Kohn, and Leonard Reed, 1955. 1

Count Basie (1904 – 1984): American Jazz Pianist, Bandleader – 20th Century Period (Big Band/Swing Jazz)

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Kohn, Joseph, and Leonard Reed and uploaded by A/V Geeks.  “Screenshot of Count Basie from the Film Rhythm and Blues Revue, 1955."  Screenshot.  Archive.Org.  Internet Archive, 7 Oct. 2004.  Web.  14 Feb. 2016.   No Known Copyright Restrictions.

1904, Waller

Fats Waller playing the piano in 1938, photographed by Alan Fisher.
Fats Waller, 1938. 1

Fats Waller (1904 – 1943): American Composer, Jazz Pianist, Organist, Singer, Bandleader – 20th century Period (Harlem Stride Jazz)

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Fisher, Alan.  Fats Waller.  1938.  Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division, Washington, D.C., Part of New York World-Telegram and the Sun Newspaper Photograph Collection, Digital ID cph 3c23107LOC.Gov.  Library of Congress, n.d.  Web.  4 Nov. 2015.  No Known Copyright Restrictions.

1904, Kabalevsky

Dimitry Kabalevsky playing the piano.
Dimitry Kabalevsky at the Piano. 1

Dmitry Kabalevsky (1904 – 1987): Russian Composer, Teacher – 20th Century Period

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RobT Amenia.  "Dimitry Kabalevsky."  Photograph.  Commons Wikimedia.  Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 5 Aug. 2013.  Web. 4 Nov. 2015.  CC BY-SA 3.0.

1905, Frances Clark

Book cover of Frances Clark's 'Questions and Answers: Practical Advice for Piano Teachers' from 1992.
Frances Clark's 'Questions and Answers: Practical Advice for Piano Teachers,' 1992. 1

Frances Clark (1905 – 1998): American Piano Pedagogue

  • AB degree from Kalamazoo College with graduate studies in music from University of Michigan, The Juilliard School, the Paris Conservatory, and the American Academy at Fontainebleau.
  • Trained under Nadia Bulanger and Isidor Philipp in Paris, and Ernest Hutcheson and Guy Maier from Julliard.
  • Started the first four-year piano pedagogy degree program in the United States at Kalamazoo College (Louise Gross was a student of the first class).
  • Along with Louise Goss, Clark was director of piano and piano pedagogy program at Westminster Choir College in New Jersey.
  • Co-founded (along with Louise Goss) The New School for Music Study in Princeton.
  • Pioneer of group piano teaching. Wrote Questions and Answers (1992) describing her philosophical approaches to group piano lessons.
  • The mission statement of The Frances Clark Center for Keyboard Pedagogy reads in part “to extend the influence of her [Francis Clark] inclusive and revolutionary philosophy of music education at the keyboard.” [ 2 ]

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Clark, Frances.  Questions and Answers: Practical Advice for Piano Teachers.  Northfield: The Instrumentalist Company, 1992.  Scan of Book Cover.  Print.  15 Feb. 2016.  No Known Copyright Restrictions.
[2]
"Mission Statement."  Keyboard Pedagogy.  The Frances Clark Center for Keyboard Pedagogy, n.d.  Web.  17 Sept. 2015.
Additional References:
  • Kreader, Barbara.  "In Memorium Frances Clark 1905 – 1998."  Clavier Companion.  The Piano Magazine Clavier Companion, Winter 1998.  Web.  17 Sept. 2015.
  • Baker-Jordan, Martha, Dr.  Practical Piano Pedagogy: The Definitive Text for Piano Teachers and Pedagogy Students.  Warner Bros. Publications, 2003, 2004.  Google Books.  Web.  17 Sept. 2015.

1906, Sykes

Roosevelt Sykes (1906 – 1983): American Blues Pianist, Singer

YouTube Placeholder Image for d_3fvx2bRRo
Jazz Films Presents: Roosevelt Sykes. 1

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Nastya Jiva.  "Masters of the Country Blues: Big Bill Broonzy & Roosevelt Skyes Part 1."  Online Video Clip.  YouTube.  YouTube, 10 April 2013.  Web.  4 Nov. 2015.  Standard YouTube License.

1906, Montgomery

Little Brother Montgomery (1906 – 1985): American Blues Pianist, Singer, Bandleader

YouTube Placeholder Image for ZXcWyKWopUg
Little Brother Montgomery performs 'Vicksburg Blues,' Chicago, 1976. 1

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RawBluesTV.   "Little Brother Montgomery – Vicksburg Blues – Chicago (1976)."  Online Video Clip.  YouTube.  YouTube, 27 Aug. 2010.  Web.  4 Nov. 2015.  Standard YouTube License.

1906, Shostakovich

Dmitri Shostakovich at the Bach Celebration in 1950, photographed by Roger Rössing and Renate Rössing.
Dmitri Shostakovich photographed by Roger Rössing and Renate Rössing, 1950. 1

Dmitri Shostakovich (1906 – 1975): Russian Composer, Pianist – 20th Century Period

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Rössing, Roger, and Renate Rössing and uploaded by FotothekBot.  Dmitri Shostakovich in the Audience at the Bach Celebration.  28 July 1950.  Deutsche Fotothek, Saxon State Library and State and University Library (SLUB), Dresden, Germany as part of a Cooperation Project.  Commons Wikimedia.  Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 16 April 2009.  Web. 14 Feb. 2016.  CC BY-SA 3.0 DE.

1909, Tatum

Art Tatum playing the piano c. 1946, photographed by William P. Gottlieb.
Portrait of Art Tatum, c. 1946. 1

Art Tatum, Jr. (1909 – 1956): American Jazz Pianist (Stride, Swing, Boogie-Woogie Jazz)

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Gottlieb, William PPortrait of Art Tatum, Rochester, N.Y. (?) c. 1946.  C. 1946.  Library of Congress Music Division, Washington, D.C., Part of William P. Gottlieb Collection.  LOC.Gov.  Library of Congress, n.d.  Web.  4 Nov. 2015.  Public Domain.

1910, S Stravinsky

Album cover for Soulima Stravinsky released in 1996.
Soulima Stravinsky Performs Live. 1

Soulima Stravinsky (1910 – 1994): Swiss Composer, Classical Pianist (Son of Igor Stravinsky) – 20th Century period

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iClassical Com.  "Debussy Chabier and Ravel Works for Piano – Live Soulima Stravinsky Centaur Records Inc."  Scan of an Album Cover.  Flickr.  Flickr, a Yahoo Company, 24 April 2015.  CC BY 2.0.
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