HPC: INFO & NAVIGATION

PIANO TIMELINE

History Of The Piano

Tracing the roots of the piano to the very beginning of consciousness, when man first became aware of sound.

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1873, Bauer

Harold Bauer playing the piano, c. 1915-1920.
Harold Bauer Playing Piano, c. 1915-1920. 1

Harold Bauer (1873 – 1951): English born American Pianist, Violinist, Teacher

  • Originally followed in his father’s footsteps, who was a violinist, Bauer studied the violin under Adolf Pollitzer and his father.
  • He briefly studied piano under Ignacy Jan Paderewski who encouraged him to focus on the piano instead of the violin.
  • In his approach to technique, he felt “one must first imagine the sound, and then find a natural and coordinated motion to produce it;” and “nothing in education was more important than the development of the imagination, without which life would be on horrid grind of monotonous routine.” [ 2 ]
  • Founded the Beethoven Society of New York.
  • President of Friends of Music of the Library of Congress.
  • Head of the piano department of Manhattan School of Music and known for his master classes.

Page Sources

SOURCES
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[1]
Library of Congress.  "Harold Victor Bauer, c. 1915 - 1920."  Photograph.  Original in Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division, Washington, D.C., part of the George Grantham Bain Collections, Digital ID ggbain 23591LOC.Gov.  Library of Congress, n.d.  Web.  28 Oct. 2015.  No Known Copyright Restrictions.
[2]
"The Power of Bauer."  Academia.  Academia, n.d.  Web.  17 Sept. 2015.

1873, Steck Prize

First prize for merit (for tone, design, and careful detail of construction) won by George Steck at the Vienna Exposition.

1873, Rachmaninov

Portrait of Sergei Rachmaninoff, c. 1901.
Portrait of Sergei Rachmaninoff, c. 1901. 1

Sergei Rachmaninov (1873 – 1943): Russian Composer, Pianist, Conductor – Late Romantic Period

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[1]
竹麦魚(Searobin).  "Portrait of Sergei Rachmaninov, c. 1901."  Photograph.  Commons Wikimedia.  Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 28 Feb. 2005.  Web.  16 Oct. 2015.  Public Domain.

1874, Schoenberg

Portrait of Arnold Schönberg, photographed by Florence Homolka, c. 1948, in the Arnold Schönberg Center, Vienna, Austria.
Portrait of Arnold Schönberg, c. 1948. 1

Arnold Schoenberg (1874 – 1951): Austro-Hungarian Composer – Late Romantic / Early 20th Century Period

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[1]
Homolka, Florence, and uploaded by Kelson.  Portrait of Arnold Schönberg.  c. 1948.  Arnold Schönberg Center, Vienna.  Commons Wikimedia.  Wikimedia Foundations, Inc., 20 March 2005.  Web.  28 Oct. 2015.  No Known Copyright Restrictions.

1874, Ives

Charles Ives, c. 1913.
Photograph of Charles Ives, c. 1913. 1

Charles Ives (1874 – 1954): American Composer – 20th Century Period

Page Sources

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[1]
Mandariine.  "Photograph of Charles Edward Ives, c. 1913."  Photograph.  Commons Wikimedia.  Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 6 Feb. 2009.  Web.  28 Oct. 2015.  Public Domain.

1875, Ravel

Portrait of Maurice Ravel, photographed by Pierre Petit, in 1907.
Portrait of Maurice Ravel, 1907. 1

Maurice Ravel (1875 – 1937): French Composer – Late Romantic / Early 20th Century Period

Page Sources

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[1]
Kokin.  "Portrait of Maurice Ravel, Photographed by Pierre Petit, 1907."  Photograph.  Commons Wikimedia.  Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 23 Aug. 2008.  Web.  28 Oct. 2015.  Public Domain.

1876, Falla

Portrait of Manuel de Falla, in the Archivo Manuel de Falla, Granada, Spain.
Portrait of Manuel de Falla. 1

Manuel de Falla (1876 – 1946): Spanish Composer, Pianist – 20th Century Period

Page Sources

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[1]
Alan.  "Manuel de Falla con Bastón."  Photograph.  From the Archivo Manuel de Falla, Granada.  Commons Wikimedia.  Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 25 March 2013.  Public Domain.

1877, Cortot

Portrait of Alfred Cortot.
Portrait of Alfred Cortot. 1

Alfred Cortot (1877 – 1962): Swiss Born French Classical Pianist, Conductor, Pedagogue – Romantic Period

  • Studied piano at the Paris Conservatoire with Émile Descombes (1829 – 1912) and Louis Diémer (1843 – 1919).
  • Appointed choral coach and then assistant conductor for the Bayreuth Festival.
  • In 1902, founded Société de Festivals Lyriques.
  • Taught at the Paris Conservatoire.
  • Founded and served as director of the Ecole Normale de Musique. Influenced by Chopin’s teaching style, Cortot “developed the groundbreaking methods which enabled them to be passed on to future generations.” [ 2 ]
  • His book Rational Principals of Pianoforte Technique (1928) “divided systematic exercises into five categories: 1) equality, independence and mobility of the fingers; 2) scales-arpeggios; 3) double notes and polyphonic playing; 4) the technique of extensions; 5) wrist technique and execution of chords. The immediate goal of those warm-up exercises is to loosen the playing mechanism, though the pianist can apply those ideas directly into playing the main repertoire.” [ 3 ]
  • Some of his pupils: Dinu Lipatti, Clara Haskil, and Marguerite Monnet.

Page Sources

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[1]
Library of Congress.  "Portrait of Alfred Cortot."  Photograph.  Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division, Washington, D.C., in the George Grantham Bain Collection, Digital ID ggbain.27618LOC.Gov.  Library of Congress, n.d.  Web.  28 Oct. 2015.  No Known Copyright Restrictions.
[2]
Probert, Simon.  "Alfred Cortot: The Ideal Teacher."  Piano Lessons.  Piano Lessons, 2006 – 2015.  Web.  17 Sept. 2015.
[3]
Wu, Li-Fang.  "The Alfred Cortot Study Edition of Chopin’s Etudes & How the Alexander Technique can Facilitate Progress Towards Performance Through His Suggested Exercises."  LSU.  LSU, Dec. 2010.  Web.  17 Sept. 2015.
Additional References:
  • "Alfred Cortot."  Naxos.  Naxos Digital Services Ltd., n.d.  Web.  17 Sept. 2015.

1877, Kimball Organ

Company logo for Kimball Piano.
Detail from a Kimball Piano.

W.W. Kimball Piano Company began making its own instruments—reed organs.

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Additional References:
  • "Kimball."  Antique Piano Shop.  Antique Piano Shop, n.d.  Web.  17 Sept 2015.
  • "Kimball Pianos."  Total Piano Care.  Total Piano Care, 2008 – 2015.  Web.  17 Sept. 2015.

1879, Landowska

Wanda Landowska playing the harpsichord at a concert in Lwów, 1937.
Wanda Landowska, 1937. 1

Wanda Landowska (1879 – 1959): Polish Virtuoso Pianist, Harpsichordist, Composer

  • Founded Ecole de Musique Ancienne in Saint-Leu-la-Foret, Center for Performance and study of old music, which housed her extensive collection of keyboard instruments, books, and manuscripts.
  • Noted for her revival of the harpsichord and the first person to record Bach’s Goldberg Variations on it.
  • Manuel de Falla & Francis Poulenc wrote works for her.
  • Wrote Music of the Past (Musique Ancienne) (1909), “a pioneering book about the harpsichord and its repertory.” [ 2 ]

Page Sources

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[1]
Gregory of nyssa.  "Wanda Landowska Playing the Harpsichord at a concert in Lwów, 1937."  Photograph.  Original in The Illustrated Daily Courier – Archive Illustration, National Digital Archives, Warsaw.  Commons Wikimedia.  Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 22 Aug. 2015.  Web.  29 Oct. 2015.  Public Domain.
[2]
Thomson, Virgil.  "Wanda Landowska."  The New York Review of Books.  NYREV, Inc., 28 Jan. 1965.  Web.  17 Sept. 2015.
Additional References:
  • "Wanda Landowska."  Naxos.  Naxos Digital Services Ltd., n.d.  Web.  17 Sept. 2015.
  • Kim, Quentin.  "The Legacy of Wanda Landowska."  The Juilliard Journal.  The Juilliard Journal, April 2009.  Web.  17 Sept. 2015.
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