Tracing the roots of the piano to the very beginning of consciousness, when man first became aware of sound.
Claude Debussy (1862 – 1918): French Composer – Late Romantic / Early 20th Century Period
Isidore Philippe (1863 – 1958): Hungarian born French Pianist, Composer, Editor, Pedagogue
- Pupil of Georges Mathias, Camille Saint-Saëns, and Stephen Heller at the Conservatoire de Paris.
- Taught at the Conservatoire National de Musique de Paris and the American Conservatory of Fontainbleau.
- Some of his pupils: Aaron Copland, Albert Schweitzer, Soulima Stravinsky.
- Among his voluminous writings (over 100) on technical exercises was Exrecises Pratiques (1897), Exercises for the Independence of Fingers (1898), Etudes Techniques (1904), and Complete School of Technique (1908).
- Wadlington-Smythe, Jeremy. "Isidor Philipp Hungarian-Born French Pianist (1863 – 1958)." Forte Piano Pianissimo. Forte Piano Pianissimo, 2009 – 2015. Web. 17 Sept. 2015.
- Timbtitle="" rell, Charles. "Philipp, Isidore [Isidor]." Oxford Music Online. Oxford University Press, 2007 – 2015. Web. 17 Sept. 2015.
Eugen d’Albert (1864 – 1932): Scottish born German Pianist, Composer – Post-Romantic Period
- His father, Charles Louis Napoléon d’Albert (1809 – 1886) was an orchestra leader, dancer and pianist and gave his son early musical training.
- At a young age, he studied at National Training School for Music (now known as Royal College of Music) in London under Sir Arthur Sullivan and Ernst Pauer.
- In 1881 he won the Mendelssohn Scholarship and studied in Vienna.
- He then traveled to Weimar to continue his studies under Franz Liszt.
- In 1907 he became director of Hochschule für Musik in Berlin, during his tenure d’Albert influenced music education in Germany.
- Lewis, Uncle Dave. "Eugen d’Albert." AllMusic. All Media Network, LLC., n.d. Web. 17 Sept. 2015.
- Northbritain. "Eugen d’Albert." Scottish Composers. Scottish Composers, 28 Aug. 2013. Web. 17 Sept. 2015.
1864, R Strauss
Richard Strauss (1864 – 1949): German Composer, Conductor – Late Romantic Period
Jean Sibelius (1865 – 1957): Finnish Composer – Late Romantic / Early 20th Century
Ferruccio Busoni (1866 – 1924): Italian born (Worked primarily in Germany) Composer, Virtuoso Pianist, Writer, Teacher, Conductor
- He came from a musical family.
- He taught in Russia, America and Germany.
- A champion for contemporary music.
- A Prolific writer, among his works is Sketch of a New Aesthetic of Music (Entwurf einer neuen Ästhetik) (1907) about musical freedom from conventional music; considered a “seminal work amongst music theorists” [ 2 ].
- Some of his pupils: Edgard Varese, Kurt Weill, Stephen Wolpe.
- "Busoni." Rouge’s Foam. Rouge’s Foam, 17 Sept. 2012. Web. 17 Sept. 2015.
- Beaumont, Antony. "Busoni, Ferruccio (Dante Michelangelo Ben venuto)." Oxford Music Online. Oxford University Press, 2007 – 2015. Web. 17 Sept. 2015.
Erik Satie (1866 – 1925): French Composer – Late Romantic / Early 20th Century Period
Scott Joplin (c. 1867/1868 – 1917): American Composer, Ragtime Pianist (“King of Ragtime Writers”) – Late Romantic / Early 20th Century Period
Amy Beach (1867 – 1944): American Composer, Pianist – Late Romantic / 20th Century Period
Perzina piano company, established by brothers Julius and Albert Perzina in Schwerin, Germany.