HPC: INFO & NAVIGATION

PIANO TIMELINE

History Of The Piano

Tracing the roots of the piano to the very beginning of consciousness, when man first became aware of sound.

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1856, Wurlitzer

1947 Wurlitzer jukebox, model 1080, photographed by Paulo Philippidis in 2008.
1947 Wurlitzer Jukebox, Model 1080. 1

Wurlitzer established by Rudolph Wurlitzer (1831 – 1914) in Cincinnati, Ohio as a retailer of musical instruments.

Page Sources

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[1]
Philippidis, Paulo.  "Jukebox – 1947 Wurlitzer Model 1080."  Photograph.  Flickr.  Flickr, a Yahoo Company., 3 Sept, 2008.  Web.  9 Feb. 2016.  CC BY 2.0.

1857, Steck

Company Logo for George Steck & Company.
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George Steck piano company established by George Steck (1829 – 1897) in New York.

1857, Kimball

Company logo for Kimball Piano.
Detail from a Kimball Piano.

W.W. Kimball Piano Company established by William Wallace Kimball (1828 – 1904) in Chicago, Illinois, as a retailer of pianos and organs.

1858, Matthay

Tobias Matthay plaque, 'Tobias Matthay 1858-1945 Teacher and Pianist Lived Here,' in London, England.
Tobias Matthay Plaque. 1

Tobias Matthay (1858 – 1945): English Teacher, Author, Pianist, Composer

  • Studied at the Royal Academy of Music with Sir William Sterndale Bennett and Sir Arthur Sullivan.
  • Founded the Tobias Matthay Pianoforte School.
  • Some of his pupils: Dame Myra Hess, Irene Scharrer, Clifford Curzon.
  • His first book The Act of Touch in All its Diversity: An analysis and Synthesis of Pianoforte Tone Production (1903) influenced piano pedagogy.

Page Sources

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[1]
Spudgun67.  "Tobias Matthay 1858-1945 Teacher and Pianist Lived Here."  Photograph.  Flickr.  Flickr, a Yahoo Company, 27 Dec. 2014.  Web.  27 Oct. 2015.  CC BY 2.0.
Additional References:
  • Siek, Stephen.  "Tobias Matthay (1858-1945)."  Piano Sage.  Piano Sage, 2011.  Web. 17 Sept. 2015.

1858, Puccini

Portrait of Giacomo Puccini.
Portrait of Giacomo Puccini. 1

Giacomo Puccini (1858 – 1924): Italian Opera Composer – Late Romantic / Early 20th Century Period

Page Sources

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[1]
NewYork1956.  "Giacomo Puccini."  Photograph.  Commons Wikimedia.  Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 15 May 2007.  Web.  27 Oct. 2015.  Public Domain.

1860, FE Clark

Frontispiece and title page from Francis Elliott Clark' book 'Music Appreciation for Little Children' from 1920.
Frontispiece and Title Page from 'Music Appreciation for Little Children,' written by Frances Elliott Clark, 1920. 1

Frances Elliott Clark (1860 – 1958): American Music Educator

  • Taught in Indiana, Illinois, and Iowa public schools.
  • Supervisor of music in Milwaukee.
  • As a “pioneer of using recordings in the classroom,” [ 2 ] she enabled the ability to teach listening in school.
  • When she was head of Educational Division of Victor Talking Machine Company, she wrote Music Appreciation for Children (1939) and other articles, materials, and recordings for public schools.

Page Sources

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[1]
Victor Talking Machine Company; Frances Elliott Clark, and uploaded by WhitneyYoung.  Music Appreciation for Little Children.  Camden: Victor Talking machine Company, 1920: pg. 11.  Internet Archive.  Web.  27 Oct. 2015.  No Known Copyright Restrictions.
[2]
Heller, George N., and William R. Lee.  "Clark [née Elliott], Frances (Mary)."  Oxford Music Online.  Oxford University Press, 2007 – 2015.  Web.  17 Sept. 2015.
Additional References:
  • Mark, Michael, L., ed.  Music Education: Source Readings from Ancient Greece to Today.  Third Edition.  New York: Routledge, 2008.  Google Books.  Web. 17 Sept. 2014.

1860, Paderewski

Portrait of Ignacy Jan Paderewski, painted by Sir Lawrence Alma-Tadema in 1890, in the National Museum, Warsaw, Poland.
Portrait of Ignacy Jan Paderewski by Sir Lawrence Alma-Tadema, 1890. 1

Ignacy Jan Paderewski (1860 – 1941): Polish Pianist, Composer, Prime Minister of Poland

  • Studied at the Warsaw Conservatory of Music.
  • On the advice of his friend Anton Rubinstein (who urged Paderewski to further dedicate his studies on the piano), he became a student of Student of Theodor Leschtizky.
  • His piano career spanned over 50 years.
  • While on various tours in America, he gives many benefit performances one of which is at Madison Square Garden to help raise funds for unemployed American musicians.
  • Paderewski Festival in Paso Robles named after him.

Page Sources

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[1]
Alma-Tadema, Lawrence Sir.  Portrait of Ignacy Jan Paderewski.  1890.   National Museum, Warsaw.  Flickr.  Flickr, a Yahoo Company, 30 May 2007.  Web.  27 Oct. 2015.  Public Domain.
Additional References:
  • "Ignacy Jan Paderewski 1860 – 1941."  Paderewski Fest.  Paderewski Festival, n.d.  Web. 17 Sept. 2015.
  • Gessner, Teresa.  "Patriot, Composer, Piano Virtuoso, Philanthropist, Statesman."  Info-Poland.  Polish Academic Information Center, University at Buffalo, 2000.  Web.  17 Sept. 2015.
  • "Ignacy Jan Paderewski."  The Paderewski Association.  The Paderewski Association, 2006 – 2014.  Web.  17 Sept 2015.

1860, Mahler

Gustave Mahler bust by Auguste Rodin in 1909.
Bust of Gustave Mahler, 1909. 1

Gustav Mahler (1860 – 1911): Austrian Composer, Conductor – Late Romantic / Early 20th Century Period

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[1]
Dalbéra, Jean-Pierre.  "Gustave Mahler par Auguste Rodin, 1909, photographed by Annie Dalbéra."  Photograph.  Flickr.  Flickr, a Yahho company, 12 Dec. 2010.  Web.  27 Oct. 2015.  CC BY 2.0.

1861, Whiting

Portrait of Arthur Whiting in 1904.
Portrait of Arthur Whiting, 1904. 1

Arthur Whiting (1861 – 1936): American Pianist, Composer, Teacher – Neo-Classicist

  • Studied at the New England Conservatory.
  • Studied in Germany at the Munich Conservatory (1883 -1885).
  • In 1907 he taught an educational series of chamber music known as Expositions at Harvard, Yale and Princeton Universities.
  • In 1909 he published The Lesson of the Clavichord in New Music Review writing “the reproduction of the Clavichord and Harpsichord is as important to the present-day students of keyboard music as are some recent discoveries of the antique to archaeologists.” [ 2 ]

Page Sources

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[1]
Library of Congress.  "Portrait of Arthur Whiting."  Photograph.  Original from Louis C. Elsen, The History of American Music.  New York: The Macmillan Company, 1904: pg. 212, fig. 60. Music Division. Library of Congress. Call number:ML200.E46.  LOC.Gov.  Library of Congress, n.d.  Web.  27 Oct. 2015.  No Known Copyright Restrictions.
[2]
Haskell, Harry.   The Early Music Revival, A History.  Mineola: Dover Publications, Inc. 1996.  Google Books.  Web. 17 Sept. 2014.
Additional References:
  • "Arthur B. Whiting (1861-1936) [biography]."  The Library of Congress.  The Library of Congress, 12 Oct. 2014.  Web.  17 Sept. 2015.

1862, Baldwin

Company logo for Baldwin Pianos.
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Baldwin piano company established by Dwight Hamilton Baldwin (1821 – 1899), a music teacher in Cincinnati, Ohio, becoming a retailer of pianos and organs.

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