Tracing the roots of the piano to the very beginning of consciousness, when man first became aware of sound.
Wurlitzer established by Rudolph Wurlitzer (1831 – 1914) in Cincinnati, Ohio as a retailer of musical instruments.
George Steck piano company established by George Steck (1829 – 1897) in New York.
W.W. Kimball Piano Company established by William Wallace Kimball (1828 – 1904) in Chicago, Illinois, as a retailer of pianos and organs.
Tobias Matthay (1858 – 1945): English Teacher, Author, Pianist, Composer
- Studied at the Royal Academy of Music with Sir William Sterndale Bennett and Sir Arthur Sullivan.
- Founded the Tobias Matthay Pianoforte School.
- Some of his pupils: Dame Myra Hess, Irene Scharrer, Clifford Curzon.
- His first book The Act of Touch in All its Diversity: An analysis and Synthesis of Pianoforte Tone Production (1903) influenced piano pedagogy.
- Siek, Stephen. "Tobias Matthay (1858-1945)." Piano Sage. Piano Sage, 2011. Web. 17 Sept. 2015.
Giacomo Puccini (1858 – 1924): Italian Opera Composer – Late Romantic / Early 20th Century Period
1860, FE Clark
Frances Elliott Clark (1860 – 1958): American Music Educator
- Taught in Indiana, Illinois, and Iowa public schools.
- Supervisor of music in Milwaukee.
- As a “pioneer of using recordings in the classroom,” [ 2 ] she enabled the ability to teach listening in school.
- When she was head of Educational Division of Victor Talking Machine Company, she wrote Music Appreciation for Children (1939) and other articles, materials, and recordings for public schools.
- Mark, Michael, L., ed. Music Education: Source Readings from Ancient Greece to Today. Third Edition. New York: Routledge, 2008. Google Books. Web. 17 Sept. 2014.
Ignacy Jan Paderewski (1860 – 1941): Polish Pianist, Composer, Prime Minister of Poland
- Studied at the Warsaw Conservatory of Music.
- On the advice of his friend Anton Rubinstein (who urged Paderewski to further dedicate his studies on the piano), he became a student of Student of Theodor Leschtizky.
- His piano career spanned over 50 years.
- While on various tours in America, he gives many benefit performances one of which is at Madison Square Garden to help raise funds for unemployed American musicians.
- Paderewski Festival in Paso Robles named after him.
- "Ignacy Jan Paderewski 1860 – 1941." Paderewski Fest. Paderewski Festival, n.d. Web. 17 Sept. 2015.
- Gessner, Teresa. "Patriot, Composer, Piano Virtuoso, Philanthropist, Statesman." Info-Poland. Polish Academic Information Center, University at Buffalo, 2000. Web. 17 Sept. 2015.
- "Ignacy Jan Paderewski." The Paderewski Association. The Paderewski Association, 2006 – 2014. Web. 17 Sept 2015.
Gustav Mahler (1860 – 1911): Austrian Composer, Conductor – Late Romantic / Early 20th Century Period
Arthur Whiting (1861 – 1936): American Pianist, Composer, Teacher – Neo-Classicist
- Studied at the New England Conservatory.
- Studied in Germany at the Munich Conservatory (1883 -1885).
- In 1907 he taught an educational series of chamber music known as Expositions at Harvard, Yale and Princeton Universities.
- In 1909 he published The Lesson of the Clavichord in New Music Review writing “the reproduction of the Clavichord and Harpsichord is as important to the present-day students of keyboard music as are some recent discoveries of the antique to archaeologists.” [ 2 ]
- "Arthur B. Whiting (1861-1936) [biography]." The Library of Congress. The Library of Congress, 12 Oct. 2014. Web. 17 Sept. 2015.
Baldwin piano company established by Dwight Hamilton Baldwin (1821 – 1899), a music teacher in Cincinnati, Ohio, becoming a retailer of pianos and organs.