Tracing the roots of the piano to the very beginning of consciousness, when man first became aware of sound.
Camille Saint-Saëns (1835 – 1921): French Composer, Pianist, Organist, Writer – Romantic Period
Georges Bizet (1838 – 1875): French Composer, Pianist – Romantic Period
Knabe piano company (originally known as Knabe & Gaehle) established by German born Wilhem (William) Knabe (1803 – 1864) along with Henry Gaehle in Baltimore, Maryland.
- "Knabe History." Knabe Pianos. Samick Music Corporation, n.d. Web. 17 Sept. 2015.
Modest Mussorgsky (1839 – 1881): Russian Composer, Pianist – Romantic Period
Pyotr II’yich Tchaikovsky (1840 – 1893): Russian Composer, Pianist (Student of Anton Rubinstein) – Romantic Period
Carl Tausig (1841 – 1871): Polish Virtuoso Pianist, Composer, Teacher – Romantic Period
- Considered one of Liszt’s favorite and greatest pupils.
- His debut was an orchestral concert conducted by Hans von Bülow in 1858.
- Known for his great technique and Franz Liszt once said that Tausig had "fingers of steel."
- Circa 1866, for a brief period, he opened a Schule des Höheren Klavierspiels, a school for advanced piano instruction in Berlin.
- His work Daily Studies (Tägliche Studien) (1873) about modern technique and finger exercises was published posthumously.
- Fillmore, John Comfort. Pianoforte Music: Its History. T. MacCoun, 1884. Google Books. Web. 17 Sept. 2014.
- Singer, Isidore, and Joseph Sohn. "Tausig, Carl." Jewish Encyclopedia. Jewish Encyclopedia, 2002 – 2011. 17 Sept. 2015.
- Wadlington-Smythe, Jeremy. "Carl Tausig (1841-1871) Polish Pianist and Composer." Forte Piano Pianissimo. Forte Piano Pianissimo, 2009 – 2015. Web. 17 Sept. 2015.
Antonín Dvořák (1841 – 1904): Czech Composer – Romantic Period
1842, Hardman Peck
Hardman Peck piano company, established by Liverpudlian Hugh Hardman (b. 1815) in New York, arguably developed the first good commercial grade upright piano.
Sir Arthur Sullivan (1842 – 1900): English Composer, Conductor, Musician (Collaborated with the librettist, W. S. Gilbert) – Romantic Period
1843, Chickering Patent
Chickering received patent for complete cast-iron grand frame.
- Kuntz, Ed. "A Short History of the Chickering Piano Co." Calgary Community Network Assoc. Calgary Community Network Assoc., n.d. Web. 17 Sept. 2015.