HPC: INFO & NAVIGATION

PIANO TIMELINE

History Of The Piano

Tracing the roots of the piano to the very beginning of consciousness, when man first became aware of sound.

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1826, Foster

Portrait of Stephen Foster in the 19th Century.
Stephen Foster, 19th C.1

Stephen Foster (1826 – 1864): American Songwriter (Considered the father of American Popular Music) – Romantic Period

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[1]
TUF-KAT.  "Portrait of Stephen Foster, 19th C."  Photograph.  Commons Wikimedia.  Wikimedia foundation, Inc., 26 Sept. 2005.  Web.  12 Oct. 2015.  Public Domain.

1828, Deppe

Portrait of Ludwig Deppe, c. 1880's.
Portrait of Ludwig Deppe, c. 1880s. 1

Ludwig Deppe (1828 – 1890): German Pianist, Teacher, Conductor, Composer

  • A great theorist of technique.
  • The book Artistic Piano-Playing as Taught by Ludwig Deppe Together with Practical Advice on Questions of Technique (1903) written by Elisabeth Caland, describes the technique that was taught to his students.

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[1]
Андрей Романенко.  "Portrait of Ludwig Deppe, c. 1880s."  Scan.  Located in the New York Public Library, Digital Collection, New York.  Commons Wikimedia.  Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 19 Aug. 2009.  Web.  12 Oct. 2015.  Public Domain.

1828, Bösendorfer

Bösendorfer company logo.
Bösendorfer Logo. 1

Joseph Brodmann retires, selling his workshop to Ignaz Bösendorfer (1794 – 1859), a former apprentice, establishing Bösendorfer Piano Company to preserve the original inspiration and character of the Viennese instrument.

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[1]
Gaspard.  File Upload Bot.  "Bösendorfer Logo."  Digital Art.  Commons Wikimedia.  Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 3 June. 2011.  Web.  5 Feb. 2016.  Public Domain.

1829, Anton Rubinstein

Portrait of Anton Rubinstein, painted by llya Repin in 1887, in the State Russian Museum, St. Petersburg, Russia.
Portrait of Anton Rubinstein, 1887. 1

Anton Rubinstein (1829 – 1894): Russian Composer, Pianist, Conductor, Teacher – Romantic Period (Brother to Nikolai Rubinstein)

  • His piano playing rivaled Liszt.
  • Prolific composer.
  • Founded St. Petersburg Conservatory in 1862, the first music school in Russia. One of his most famous students was Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky.

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[1]
Repin, IIya, and uploaded by Fransvannes.  Portrait of Anton Rubinstein.  1887.  The State Russian Museum, St. Petersburg.  Commons Wikimedia.  Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 25 June 2006.  Web.  12 Oct. 2015.  Public Domain.
Additional References:
  • Spunberg, Jorge.  "Anton Rubinstein (biography)."  The Berdichev Revival.  The Berdichev Revival, 1997 – 2015.  Web. 17 Sept. 2015.
  • "Anton Rubinstein."  Naxos.  Naxos Digital Services Ltd., n.d. Web. 17 Sept. 2015.

1829, Gottschalk

Poster of Louis Moreau Gottschalk’s farewell concerts in America, created by Clarry & Reilley in 1860.
L.M. Gottschalk’s Farewell Concerts in America, poster by Clarry & Reilley, 1860. 1

Louis Moreau Gottschalk (1829 – 1869): American Composer, Pianist – Romantic Period

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Clarry & Reilley.  L.M. Gottschalk’s Farewell Concerts in America.  1860.  Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division, Washington D.C., part of Theatrical Poster Collection, Digital ID cph 3g08237LOC.Gov.  Web.  12 Oct. 2015.  No Known Copyright Restrictions.

1830, Leschetizky

Portrait of Theodor Leschetizky, c. 1860s.
Portrait of Theodor Leschetizky, c. 1860s. 1

Theodor Leschetizky (1830 – 1915): Polish Pianist, Teacher, Composer – Romantic Period

  • Student of Czerny.
  • Leschetizky stated he doesn’t have a specific method of teaching; quoted as saying “I teach exactly as Czerny taught me; I have added nothing, changed nothing.”
  • Director of music at the court of the Grand Duchess Helen.
  • Head of the piano department at St. Petersburg Conservatory.
  • Over 1200 pianists studied under him.
  • Considered one of the greatest piano teachers of the modern era.
  • Some of his pupils: Artur Schnabel, Ossip Gabrilovich, and Ignacy Jan Paderewski.

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[1]
Ctac.  "Theodor Leschetizky, c. 1860s."  Photograph.  Commons Wikimedia.  Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 17 Aug. 2015.  Web.  12 Oct. 2015.  Public Domain.
Additional References:
  • Methuen-Campbell, James.  "Leschetozky, Theodor [Leszetucki, Teodor]."  Oxford Music Online.  Oxford University Press, 2007 – 2015.  Web.  17 Sept. 2015.

1830, Bülow

Portrait of Hans von Bülow, c.1880, photographed by Emilie Bieber.
Portrait of Hans von Bülow, c.1880. 1

Hans von Bülow (1830 – 1894): German Conductor, Virtuoso Pianist, Composer, Editor, Teacher – Romantic Period

  • Student of Friedrich Wieck and Franz Liszt.
  • Championed “new German music.”
  • Transcribed and conducted Wagner’s Tristan and conducted Meistersinger.
  • Conductor for Meiningen Orchestra.
  • Renowned master classes.
  • Instrumental in turning the Berlin Philharmonic into a great orchestra.

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[1]
Bieber, Emilie.  Portrait of Hans von Bülow.  c. 1880.  Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division, Washington D.C., part of George Grantham Bain Collection, Digital ID cph 3c03945LOC.Gov.  Web.  12 Oct. 2015.  No Known Copyright Restrictions.
Additional References:
  • "Terrific Biography of Hans von Bülow."  The Wagner Blog.  The Wagner Blog, n.d.  Web.  17 Sept. 2015.
  • Taylor, Priscilla S.  "Books: 'Hans Von Bulow: A Life and Times.'"  The Washington Times.  The Washington Times, 12 Feb. 2010.  Web.  17 Sept. 2015.

1831, Érard

After the death of Érard, his nephew Pierre Érard took over the company.

1831, Joachim

Portrait of Joseph Joachim, painted by George Frederick Watts in 1868, in the Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago, Illinois.
Portrait of Joseph Joachim by George Frederick Watts, 1868. 1

Joseph Joachim (1831 – 1907): Austro-Hungarian Composer, Violinist, Conductor, Teacher – Romantic Period

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Watts, George Frederick, and uploaded by WikiOriginal-9.  A Lamplight Study: Herr Joachim.  1868.  Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago.  Commons Wikimedia.  Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 19 Jan. 2015.  Web.  12 Oct. 2015.  Public Domain.

1833, Brahms

Portrait of Johannes Brahms, c. 1889, photographed by C. Brasch.
Portrait of Johannes Brahms, c. 1889. 1

Johannes Brahms (1833 – 1897): German Composer – Romantic Period

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C. Brasch, and uploaded by Simplicius.  Portrait of Johannes Brahms.  c. 1889.  Neue Photographische Gesellschaft (NPG), Germany.  Commons Wikimedia.  Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 10 Sept. 2005.  Web.  21 Sept. 2015.  Public Domain.
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