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PIANO TIMELINE

Composers & Pianists

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1567, Monteverdi

Painting of Claudio Monteverdi by Bernardo Strozzi, c. 1630, in the Tyrolean State Museum, Austria.
Claudio Monteverdi, c. 1630. 1

Claudio Giovanni Antonio Monteverdi (1567 – 1643): Italian Composer – Late Renaissance Period

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[1]
Strozzi, Bernardo, and uploaded by Tiroler Landesmuseum.  Claudio Monteverdi.  c. 1630.  Tyrolean State Museum, Austria.  Commons Wikimedia.  Commons Wikimedia, 5 Nov. 2013.  Web.  18 Aug. 2015.  Public Domain.

1653, Pachelbel

Johann Pachelbel's signature from a letter to Gotha City authorities, 11 June 1695.
Johann Pachelbel's Signature. 1

Johann Pachelbel (1653 – 1706): German Composer, Organist – Baroque Period

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[1]
Jashiin~commonswiki.  "Johann Pachelbel Signature from a Letter to Gotha City Authorities, 11 June 695."  Scan.  Commons Wikimedia.  Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 1 July 2008.  Web.  9 Oct. 2015.  Public Domain.

1659, Purcell

Portrait of Henry Purcell, 1706, by Robert White, in the Orpheus Britannicus.
Portrait of Henry Purcell, 1706. 1

Henry Purcell (c. 1659 – 1695): English Composer, Organist – Baroque Period

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[1]
White, Robert, uploaded by Justlettersandnumbers.  Portrait of Henry Purcell.  1706.  Orpheus Britannicus.  2nd Edition.  London: William Pearson, 1706. Commons Wikimedia.  Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 25 March 2003.  Web.  18 Aug. 2015.  CC BY-SA 3.0.

1660, Scarlatti

Portrait of Alessandro Scarlatti, 18th century, in the Civico Museo Bibliografico Musicale, Bologna, Italy.
Portrait of Alessandro Scarlatti, 18th Century. 1

Alessandro Scarlatti (1660 – 1725): Italian Composer – Baroque Period

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Unknown, and uploaded by Mezzofortist.  Portrait of Alessandro Scarlatti.  18th C.  Civico Museo Bibliografico Musicale, Bologna.  Commons Wikimedia.  Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 25 April 2005.  Web.  18 Aug. 2015.  Public Domain.

1668, Couperin

Portrait of François Couperin, early 18th century, in the Palace of Versailles, Versailles, France.
François Couperin, Early 18th Century. 1

François Couperin (1668–1733): French Composer, Harpsichordist, Organist, Teacher (Son of Charles Couperin) – Baroque Period

  • His treatise The Art of Playing the Harpsichord (L 'Art de Toucher le Clavecin) (1716) covers fingering, touch, ornamentation and performance on the harpsichord.

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[1]
Unknown, and uploaded by Charvex.  François Couperin.  Early 18th C.  Palace of Versailles, Versailles.  Commons Wikimedia.  Wikimedia Foundation, Inc.,  28 Dec. 2007.  Web.  18 Aug. 2015.  Public Domain.
Additional References:
  • Higginbottom, Edward.  "François Couperin."  Oxford Music Online.  Oxford University Press, 2007 – 2015.  Web.  14 Sept. 2015.

1678, Vivaldi

Engraved portrait of Antonio Vivaldi in 1725, by François Morellon de la Cave.
Antonio Vivaldi, 1725. 1

Antonio Lucio Vivaldi (1678 – 1741): Italian Composer, Violinist – Late Baroque Period

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[1]
Lumijaguaari.  "Engraved Portrait of Antonio Vivaldi by François Motitle="" rellon de la Cave, 1725."  Commons Wikimedia.  Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 26 Oct. 2005.  Web.  18 Aug. 2015.  Public Domain.

1685, Händel

Portrait of Georg Friedrich Händel in 1756, by Thomas Hudson in the National Portrait Gallery, London.
Georg Friedrich Händel, 1756. 1

George Frideric Händel (1685 – 1759): English Composer of German Birth – Baroque Period

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Hudson, Thomas, and uploaded by Pigsonthewing.  Portrait of George Friedrich Handel.  1756.  National Portrait Gallery, London.  Commons Wikimedia.  Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 31 Aug. 2014.  Web.  6 Nov. 2015.  Public Domain.

1685, Scarlatti

Portrait of Domenico Scarlatti in 1738, by Domingo Antonio Velasco.
Portrait of Domenico Scarlatti, 1738. 1

Domenico Scarlatti (1685 – 1757): Italian Composer, Harpsichordist, Singer (Son of Alessandro Scarlatti) – Baroque Period

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Velasco, Domingo Antonio, uploaded by ANGELUS.  Portrait of Domenico Scarlatti.  1738.  Unknown Location.  Commons Wikimedia.  Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 8 March 2008.  Web.  18 Aug. 2015.  Public Domain.

1685, Bach

Tracing of Johann Sebastian Bach's signature.
Signature of Johann Sebastian Bach. 1

Johann Sebastian Bach (1685 – 1750): German Composer, Organist – Baroque Period

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[1]
Morn.  "Signature of Johann Sebastian Bach."  Tracing.  Commons Wikimedia.  Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 4 Oct. 2010.  Web.  18 Aug. 2015.  Public Domain.

1692, Marchand

Louis-Joseph Marchand (1692 – 1774): French Theorist, Composer, Priest – Baroque Period

  • His book Singing from the Book (Traité du Contrepoint Simple, ou Chant sur le Livre) (1739) considered to be the first French counterpoint handbook.

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Additional References:
  • Aleksandrowicz, Milosz.  "The Rules of the Improvised Vocal Religious Polyphony.  Louis-Joseph Marchand’s Traité Du Counterpoint Simple (1739)."  KUL.  The John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin, n.d.  Web.  14 Sept. 2015.
  • Montagnier, Jean-Paul.  "Marchand, Louis-Joseph."  Oxford Music Online.  Oxford University Press, 2007 – 2015.  Web.  14 Sept. 2015.
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