MUSIC THROUGH THE AGES

Development Of The Piano: A Timeline
Tracing the roots of the piano to the very beginning of consciousness,
when man first became aware of sound.
Page 4 of 28 pages

Claudio Monteverdi by Bernardo Strozzi, c. 1630. [ 1 ]

Claudio Giovanni Antonio Monteverdi (1567 – 1643) — Italian Composer – Late Renaissance Period


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Strozzi, Bernardo, and uploaded by Tiroler Landesmuseum.  Claudio Monteverdi.  c. 1630.  Tyrolean State Museum, Austria.  Commons Wikimedia.  Commons Wikimedia, 5 Nov. 2013.  Web.  18 Aug. 2015.  Public Domain.

Johann Pachelbel's Signature. [ 1 ]

Johann Pachelbel (1653 – 1706) — German Composer, Organist – Baroque Period


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Jashiin~commonswiki.  "Johann Pachelbel Signature from a Letter to Gotha City Authorities, 11 June 695."  Scan.  Commons Wikimedia.  Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 1 July 2008.  Web.  9 Oct. 2015.  Public Domain. 

Portrait of Henry Purcell by Robert White, 1706. [ 1 ]

Henry Purcell (c. 1659 – 1695) — English Composer, Organist – Baroque Period


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White, Robert, uploaded by Justlettersandnumbers.  Portrait of Henry Purcell.  1706.  Orpheus Britannicus.  2nd Edition.  London: William Pearson, 1706. Commons Wikimedia.  Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 25 March 2003.  Web.  18 Aug. 2015.  CC BY-SA 3.0

Portrait of Alessandro Scarlatti,
18th Century. [ 1 ]

Alessandro Scarlatti (1660 – 1725) — Italian Composer – Baroque Period


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Unknown, and uploaded by Mezzofortist.  Portrait of Alessandro Scarlatti.  18th C.  Civico Museo Bibliografico Musicale, Bologna.  Commons Wikimedia.  Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 25 April 2005.  Web.  18 Aug. 2015.  Public Domain. 

François Couperin (1668–1733) — French Composer, Harpsichordist, Organist, Teacher (Son of Charles Couperin) – Baroque Period

  • His treatise The Art of Playing the Harpsichord (L 'Art de Toucher le Clavecin) (1716) covers fingering, touch, ornamentation and performance on the harpsichord.

François Couperin,
Early 18th Century. [ 1 ]


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Unknown, and uploaded by Charvex.  François Couperin.  Early 18th C.  Palace of Versailles, Versailles.  Commons Wikimedia.  Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 28 Dec. 2007.  Web.  18 Aug. 2015.  Public Domain. 
Additional References:
  • Higginbottom, Edward.  "François Couperin."  Oxford Music Online.  Oxford University Press, 2007 – 2015.  Web.  14 Sept. 2015.

Antonio Vivaldi by François Morellon de la Cave, 1725. [ 1 ]

Antonio Lucio Vivaldi (1678 – 1741) — Italian Composer, Violinist – Late Baroque Period


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Lumijaguaari.  "Engraved Portrait of Antonio Vivaldi by François Morellon de la Cave, 1725."  Commons Wikimedia.  Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 26 Oct. 2005.  Web.  18 Aug. 2015.  Public Domain. 

Signature of Johann Sebastian Bach. [ 1 ]

Johann Sebastian Bach (1685 – 1750) — German Composer, Organist – Baroque Period


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Morn.  "Signature of Johann Sebastian Bach."  Tracing.  Commons Wikimedia.  Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 4 Oct. 2010.  Web.  18 Aug. 2015.  Public Domain.

Portrait of Domenico Scarlatti by Domingo Antonio Velasco, 1738. [ 1 ]

Domenico Scarlatti (1685 – 1757) — Italian Composer, Harpsichordist, Singer
(Son of Alessandro Scarlatti) – Baroque Period


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Velasco, Domingo Antonio, uploaded by ANGELUS.  Portrait of Domenico Scarlatti.  1738.  Unknown Location.  Commons Wikimedia.  Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 8 March 2008.  Web.  18 Aug. 2015.  Public Domain. 

Portrait of Georg Friedrich Händel by Thomas Hudson, 1756. [ 1 ]

George Frideric Handel (1685 – 1759) — English Composer of German Birth – Baroque Period


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Hudson, Thomas, and uploaded by Pigsonthewing.  Portrait of George Friedrich Handel.  1756.  National Portrait Gallery, London.  Commons Wikimedia.  Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 31 Aug. 2014.  Web.  6 Nov. 2015.  Public Domain. 

Louis-Joseph Marchand (1692 – 1774) — French Theorist, Composer, Priest – Baroque Period

  • His book Singing from the Book (Traité du Contrepoint Simple, ou Chant sur le Livre) (1739) considered to be the first French counterpoint handbook.


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Additional References:
  • Aleksandrowicz, Milosz.  "The Rules of the Improvised Vocal Religious Polyphony.  Louis-Joseph Marchand’s Traité Du Counterpoint Simple (1739)."  KUL.  The John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin, n.d.  Web.  14 Sept. 2015.
  • Montagnier, Jean-Paul.  "Marchand, Louis-Joseph."  Oxford Music Online.  Oxford University Press, 2007 – 2015.  Web.  14 Sept. 2015.
Page 4 of 28 pages

[ CLOSE ]
 

Additional References:
  • Mastehead Image: O’Donnell, Dylan.  "Piano Strings."  Photograph.  Deography.  Dylan O’Donnell, 1 Nov. 2010.  Web.  18 June 2015.  Public Domain.
  • Mandalatrece, Jim Doney.  "History of an Ascended Master, His Connection with Essenes, and The Secrecy of The Kanon."  ThaKanon.  Jim Doney Mandalatrece, n.d.  Web.  18 June 2015.
  • Blaise, Gary.  "The Early String Keyboards."  Gary Blaise.  Gary Blaise Early Keyboard Instruments, n.d.  Web.  18 June 2015.
  • "History of Classical Music."  Naxos.  Naxos Digital Services Ltd., n.d.  Web.  18 June 2015.
  • "History of the Piano."  Piano Technicians Guild.  Piano Technicians Guild, Inc. n.d.  Web.  18 June 2015.
  • "Development of the Piano."  Bluebook of Piano.  Bluebook of Pianos, 1933 – 2015.  18 June 2015.
  • Estrella, Steven G.  "Stylistic Timeline of Music History."  Steven Estrella.  Steven G. Estrella, 2013.  Web.  18 June 2015.
  • "The History of Graphical Music Notation."  Block Museum.  Mary and Leigh Block Museum of Art, n.d.  Web.  18 June 2015.
  • "The Piano Time Line: A Chronological History."  Concert Pitch Piano.  Concert Pitch Piano Services, 2000 – 2015.  Web.  18 June. 2015.
  • "History of the Piano."  Piano Tuners.  The UK Piano Pages, 1996 – 2015.  Web.  18 June. 2015.
  • Weinstock, Ron.  "A Personal List of Ten Great Blues Pianists."  In a Blue Mood.  In a Blue Mood, 25 Sept. 2009.  Web.  18 June 2015.
  • "Romantic Music."  Essential Humanities.  Essential Humanities, 2008 – 2013.  Web.  19 June 2015.
  • "List of Romantic-Era Composers."  Wikipedia.  Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. 15 Sept. 2015.  Web.  18 Sept. 2015.
  • Duchen, Jessica.  "Top 20: The World’s Greatest Pianists."  Sinfini Music.  Sinfini Music, 23 April 2014.  Web.  18 June 2015.
  • Solomon, Jon.  "The Ten Best Jazz Pianists of All Time."  Westword.  Denver Westword, LLC., 27 Aug. 2013.  18 June 2015.
  • Sturm, Connie Arrau, Debra Brubaker Burs, and Anita Jackson, eds.  "Annotated Bibliography of Sources on the History of Piano Technique and Piano Pedagogy."  Piano Technique.  Piano Technique.Net, n.d.  Web.  18 June 2015.
  • Groves Music Online for Music Research.  Oxford Music Online.  Oxford University Press, 2007 – 2015.  Web.  June – December 2015.
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