MUSIC THROUGH THE AGES

Development Of The Piano: A Timeline
Tracing the roots of the piano to the very beginning of consciousness,
when man first became aware of sound.
Page 10 of 28 pages

Pleyel Nameboard Plaque. [ 1 ]

Pleyel and Company, Pleyel et Cie, established by Ignace Joseph Pleyel (1757 – 1831) in Paris.


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_RoScO_.  "Piano Pleyel."  Photograph.  Flickr.  Flickr, a Yahoo Company 3 Feb. 2014.  Web.  5 Feb. 2016.  CC BY-SA 2.0

Érard granted a patent for the agraffe.

The Portrait of Felix Mendelssohn by James Warren Childe, 1829. [ 1 ]

Felix Mendelssohn (1809 – 1847) — German Composer, Conductor, Pianist, Organist – Romantic Period


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Childe, James Warren, and uploaded by Nico-dk.  Portrait of Felix Mendelssohn.  1829.  Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin, Berlin (of the Prussian Cultural Heritage Foundation).  Commons Wikimedia.  Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 28 April 2005.  Web.  16 Sept. 2015.  Public Domain.  

Érard granted a patent for pinblock bushings.

Detail of Frédéric Chopin by Eugène Delacroix, 1838. [ 1 ]

Fryderyk (Frédéric) Chopin (1810 – 1849) — Polish Composer, Pianist – Romantic Period


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Delacroix, Eugène, and uploaded by File Upload Bot.  Portrait of Frédéric Chopin (with Georges Sand cropped out).  1838.  Louvre Museum, Paris.  Commons Wikimedia.  Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 19 May 2005.  Web.  16 Sept. 2015.  Public Domain. 

Portrait of Robert Schumann
by Josef Kriehuber, 1839. [ 1 ]

Robert Schumann (1810 – 1856) — German Composer, Music Critic, Pianist – Romantic Period


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Kriehuber, Josef, and uploaded byu Meister Raro-commonswiki.  Litograph of Robert Schumann.  1839.  Gesellschaft der Musikfreunde in Wien, Vienna. Commons Wikimedia.  Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 11 Jan. 2006.  Web.  16 Sept. 2015.  Public Domain. 

Louis Plaidy (1810 – 1874) — German Piano Pedagogue

  • Taught Hans von Bülow.
  • Considered a master of technique and touch.
  • Wrote Technical Studies for the Piano (Technische Studien für das Pianofortespiel) (1903) and The Pianoforte Teacher’s Guide (1882), and was the first to publish a book only on technical studies.

Portrait of Louis Plaidy by August Brasch, c. 1860s. [ 1 ]


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Brasch, August.  Portrait Louis Plaidy.  c. 1860s.  Library of the Johann Wolfgang Goethe, University of Frankfurt in the Portrait Collection of Friedrich Nicolas Manskopf, Frankfurt.  Commons Wikimedia.  Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 8 Oct. 2009.  Web.  9 Oct. 2015.  Public Domain. 

Portrait of Franz Liszt, 1885. [ 1 ]

Franz Liszt (1811 – 1886) — Hungarian Composer, Pianist, Teacher – Romantic Period


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Lindadesign.  "Portrait of Franz Liszt, 1885."  Photograph.  Commons Wikimedia.  Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 29 April 2010.  Web.  16 Sept. 2015.  Public Domain.

Camille-Marie Stamaty (1811 – 1870) — Italian born French Pianist, Composer, Teacher – Romantic Period

  • Studied under Friedrich Kalkbrenner and for a short time under Felix Mendelssohn.
  • As a teacher, followed in the tradition of Kalkbrenner. His 25 Etüdes Pour Piano Op. 11 became official teaching materials for Conservatoire. His other work Rhythmic Training for the Fingers Op. 36 (Etüdes des Doigts Op.36) is still in print.
  • He taught Moreau Gottschalk and Camille Saint-Saëns.

Portrait of Camille Stamaty
by Alphonse-Léon Noël, 1819. [ 1 ]


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Noël, Alphonse-Léon.  Portrait of Camille Stamaty.  1807.  Musée National du Château de Compiègne.  Commons Wikimedia.  Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 20 March 2013.  Web.  9 Oct. 2015.  Public Domain. 

Beethoven's Small Ear Trumpet by Johann Nepomuk Mazel, c. 1812 - 1813. [ 1 ]

Ear trumpets in a variety of dimensions invented by Johann Nepomuk Mälzel (1772 – 1838) to assist Beethoven as his hearing worsened.


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Under License, Image © Beethoven-Haus, Bonn.  Beethoven’s Small Ear Trumpet Made by Johann Nepomuk Mazel (1772-1838).  c. 1812 – 1813.
Page 10 of 28 pages

[ CLOSE ]
 

Additional References:
  • Mastehead Image: O’Donnell, Dylan.  "Piano Strings."  Photograph.  Deography.  Dylan O’Donnell, 1 Nov. 2010.  Web.  18 June 2015.  Public Domain.
  • Mandalatrece, Jim Doney.  "History of an Ascended Master, His Connection with Essenes, and The Secrecy of The Kanon."  ThaKanon.  Jim Doney Mandalatrece, n.d.  Web.  18 June 2015.
  • Blaise, Gary.  "The Early String Keyboards."  Gary Blaise.  Gary Blaise Early Keyboard Instruments, n.d.  Web.  18 June 2015.
  • "History of Classical Music."  Naxos.  Naxos Digital Services Ltd., n.d.  Web.  18 June 2015.
  • "History of the Piano."  Piano Technicians Guild.  Piano Technicians Guild, Inc. n.d.  Web.  18 June 2015.
  • "Development of the Piano."  Bluebook of Piano.  Bluebook of Pianos, 1933 – 2015.  18 June 2015.
  • Estrella, Steven G.  "Stylistic Timeline of Music History."  Steven Estrella.  Steven G. Estrella, 2013.  Web.  18 June 2015.
  • "The History of Graphical Music Notation."  Block Museum.  Mary and Leigh Block Museum of Art, n.d.  Web.  18 June 2015.
  • "The Piano Time Line: A Chronological History."  Concert Pitch Piano.  Concert Pitch Piano Services, 2000 – 2015.  Web.  18 June. 2015.
  • "History of the Piano."  Piano Tuners.  The UK Piano Pages, 1996 – 2015.  Web.  18 June. 2015.
  • Weinstock, Ron.  "A Personal List of Ten Great Blues Pianists."  In a Blue Mood.  In a Blue Mood, 25 Sept. 2009.  Web.  18 June 2015.
  • "Romantic Music."  Essential Humanities.  Essential Humanities, 2008 – 2013.  Web.  19 June 2015.
  • "List of Romantic-Era Composers."  Wikipedia.  Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. 15 Sept. 2015.  Web.  18 Sept. 2015.
  • Duchen, Jessica.  "Top 20: The World’s Greatest Pianists."  Sinfini Music.  Sinfini Music, 23 April 2014.  Web.  18 June 2015.
  • Solomon, Jon.  "The Ten Best Jazz Pianists of All Time."  Westword.  Denver Westword, LLC., 27 Aug. 2013.  18 June 2015.
  • Sturm, Connie Arrau, Debra Brubaker Burs, and Anita Jackson, eds.  "Annotated Bibliography of Sources on the History of Piano Technique and Piano Pedagogy."  Piano Technique.  Piano Technique.Net, n.d.  Web.  18 June 2015.
  • Groves Music Online for Music Research.  Oxford Music Online.  Oxford University Press, 2007 – 2015.  Web.  June – December 2015.
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