Considered an important virtuoso pianist of the 19th century, rivaling Franz Liszt.
Developed a “three-handed technique” using his thumbs that gave the impression that three hands were playing. “He not only possessed the mastery of touch in a transcendent degree and excelled in sostenuto playing by the use of the pedal, but actually discovered a method of making two hands produce the triple effect of melody, accompaniment, and bass on one keyboard.” [ 2 ]
In his work The Art of Song Applied to the Piano (L’art du Chant Appliqué au Piano, Op.70) (1853/1854), Thalberg’s “method comprises twenty-five transcriptions of vocal works by other composers, primarily operatic material. Each piece usually included Thalberg’s own introductory comment, consisting of some remarks and instructions based on a set of rules.” [ 3 ]
Portrait of Sigismund Thalberg – Lithograph by Joseph Kriehuber, Photographed by Peter Geymayer, 1841. [ 1 ]
Petit, Pierre, and uploaded by QwertyUSA~commonswiki. Photograph of Richard Wagner, Paris 1861. 1861. 3rd-Party Reproduction from Die Bildnisse Ricahrd Wagners. Commons Wikimedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 15 May 2007. Web. 16 Sept. 2015. Public Domain.
Photograph of Giuseppe Verdi by Ferdinand Mulnier, c. 1870. [ 1 ]
Giuseppe Verdi (1813 – 1901) — Italian Composer, Organist – Romantic Period
Mulnier, Ferdinand, and uploaded by Al Pereira. Photograph of Giuseppe Verdi. c. 1870. Private Collector originally reproduced in Galerie Contemporaine, France. Commons Wikimedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 18 Sept. 2007. Web. 16 Sept. 2015. Public Domain.
of Adolf von Henselt. [ 1 ]
Adolf von Henselt (1814 – 1889) — German Pianist, Composer, Teacher
File Upload Bot. "Signed Portrait of Adolf von Henselt." Scan. Located in the New York Public Library Digital Gallery, New York. Commons Wikimedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 2 Dec. 2009. Web. 12 Oct. 2015. Public Domain.
"Adolf von Henselt." Saint Petersburg. Saint-Petersburg.Com, 2001 – 2015. Web. 16 Sept. 2015.
Stevenson, Joseph. "Adolf Henselt." AllMusic. All Media Network, LLC., n.d. Web. 16 Sept. 2015.
Theodor Kullak (1818 – 1882) — Polish Pianist, Teacher – Romantic Period (Brother of Adolph Kullak)
Pupil of Czerny, Nicolai, and Simon Sechter.
Founded along with Julius Stern and Adolf Bernhard Marx, Tonkünstler-Verein, a conservatory for music education in Berlin. (Due to differences, Kullak resigned and it became the Stern Conservatory 1855, with Hans von Bülow succeeding him).
After leaving Stern, he founded Neue Akademie der Tonkunst primarily for pianists. Also known as ‘Kullak’s Academy.’
Considered one of the greatest pedagogues in 19th century.
Wrote Octave‐school or School of Octave Playing (Die Schule des Oktavenspiels) (1848).
Hanfstaengl, Franz and uploaded by Meister Raro~commonswiki. Clara Schumann. 1857. Photograph. Commons Wikimedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 11 Jan. 2006. Web. 17 Sept. 2015. Public Domain.
Charles-Louis Hanon (1819 – 1900) — French Composer, Piano Pedagogue – Romantic Period
Trained and worked as an organist.
Among his writings, his most famous is The Virtuoso Pianist in 60 Exercises (Le Piano Virtuose en 60 Exercices) (1873/1874). Regarded highly by his contemporaries such as Felix le Coupey and Georges Mathias. Sergei Rachmaninoff is said to have used Hanon’s exercises on a daily basis.
Hanon – The Virtuoso Pianist
in Sixty Exercises. [ 1 ]
Pupil of Adolf Henselt, Karl Maria von Bocklet, Sigismund Thalberg, and Simon Sechter.
Ehrlich held many professions: court pianist to King George V, journalist and piano teacher in Berlin (teaching at the Stern Conservatory), and music critic for Neue Berliner Musikzeitung, Sie Gegenwart, Die Tribüne, and Berliner Tageblatt.
Some of his pupils: Franz Mannstädt, Friedrich Spiro, and Wilibald Nagel.
Among his many pedagogical writings, he is most noted for his edition of Carl Tausig’s Daily Studies (Tägliche Studien für Pianoforte) (1873) which was published after Tausig’s death and How to Practise on the Piano: Reflections and Suggestions with Precise Directions for the Proper Use of the Tausig-Ehrlich “Daily Studies.” (Wie übt man am Klavier? Betrachtungen und Rathschläge nebst genauer Anweisung für den richtigen Gebrauch der Tausig-Ehrlich’schen ‘Tägliche Studien’) (1879)
"List of Romantic-Era Composers." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. 15 Sept. 2015. Web. 18 Sept. 2015.
Duchen, Jessica. "Top 20: The World’s Greatest Pianists." Sinfini Music. Sinfini Music, 23 April 2014. Web. 18 June 2015.
Solomon, Jon. "The Ten Best Jazz Pianists of All Time." Westword. Denver Westword, LLC., 27 Aug. 2013. 18 June 2015.
Sturm, Connie Arrau, Debra Brubaker Burs, and Anita Jackson, eds. "Annotated Bibliography of Sources on the History of Piano Technique and Piano Pedagogy." Piano Technique. Piano Technique.Net, n.d. Web. 18 June 2015.
Groves Music Online for Music Research. Oxford Music Online. Oxford University Press, 2007 – 2015. Web. June – December 2015.