MUSIC THROUGH THE AGES

Development Of The Piano: A Timeline
Tracing the roots of the piano to the very beginning of consciousness,
when man first became aware of sound.
Page 12 of 28 pages

Jonas Chickering Engraved Nameboard Plaque, c. 1828-1830. [ 1 ]

Chickering and Sons (originally Stewart & Chickering) established by Jonas Chickering (1798 – 1853) and James Stewart, in Boston, Massachusetts.


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Mireut.  "Jonas Chickering Engraved Nameboard Plaque, c. 1828 - 1830."  Traced from an Engraving.  Commons Wikimedia.  Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 24 Jan. 2009.  Web.  12 Oct. 2015.  Public Domain. 
Additional References:
  • "Chickering & Sons."  Antique Piano Shop.  Antique Piano Shop, n.d.  Web.  17 Sept 2015.
  • Kuntz, Ed.  "A Short History of the Chickering Piano Co."  Calgary Community Network Assoc.  Calgary Community Network Assoc., n.d.  Web.  17 Sept. 2015.
  • Dolge, Alfred.  Pianos and Their Makers: A Comprehensive History of the Development of the Piano from the Monochord to the Concert Grand Player Piano, Volume 1.  Covina: Covina Publishing Company, 1911.  Google Books.  Web. 17 Sept. 2015.

Book Cover of Dr. Adolph Kullak's Die Asthetik des Klavierspiels, 1905. [ 1 ]

Adolph Kullak (1823 – 1862) — Polish Music Critic (Brother of Theodor Kullak)

  • Co-Editor of Berliner Musik-Zeitung.
  • Taught at his brother’s school Neue Akademie der Tonkunst.
  • Among his writings is The Aesthetics of Pianoforte Playing (Die Ästhetik des Klavierspiels ) (1860/1861), which covers piano technique and musical expression and “… was arguably the most widely read and influential book on piano teaching and playing of the nineteenth century…” [ 2 ]
  • Another work The Art of the Touch: A Work for the Use of Advanced Players and a Guide for Teaching Pianoforte (1855) is highly revered.


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Kullak, Adolf, and Walter Niemann, and uploaded by WhitneyYoung.   Die Asthetik des Klavierspiels.  Book Cover.  Leipzig: C.F. Kahnt, 1905.   Open Library.Org.  Internet Archive, 9 April 2012.  Web.  12 Oct. 2015.  No Known Copyright Restrictions.
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Sutcliffe, W. Dean, ed.  Haydn Studies.  New York: Cambridge University Press, 1998 (digital, 2006).  Google Books.  Web. 17 Sept. 2014.
Additional References:
  • Millar, Andrew Peter.  "Adolph Kullak’s “Die Asthetik des Klavierspiels” and the Emergence of Modern Piano Technique by the Late Nineteenth Century [microform]."  National Library of Australia.  National Library of Australia, 2004.  Web.  17, Sept. 2015.
  • Palmieri, Robert, ed.  The Piano: An Encyclopedia.  2nd Edition.  New York: Routledge, June 1, 2004.  Google Books.  Web. 14 Sept. 2015.

Portrait of Bedřich Smetana,
c. 1878. [ 1 ]

Bedřich Smetana (1824 – 1884) — Czech Composer, Conductor, Critic – Romantic Period


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Smeira.  "Portrait of Bedřich Smetana, c. 1878."  Photograph.  Commons Wikimedia.  Wikimedia foundation, Inc., 31 Jan. 2008.  Web.  12 Oct. 2015.  Public Domain. 

Portrait of Anton Bruckner
by Josef Büche. [ 1 ]

Anton Bruckner (1824 – 1896) — Austrian Composer – Romantic Period


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BiffTheUnderstudy.  "Portrait of Anton Bruckner by Josef Büche."  Painting.  Commons Wikimedia.  Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 6 March 2007.  Web.  12 Oct. 2015.  Public Domain. 

Statue of Johann Strauss II – Photographed by Dennis Jarvis, 2013. [ 1 ]

Johann Strauss II (1825 – 1899) — Austrian Composer, Conductor, Violinist (Son of Johann Strauss I) – Romantic Period


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Jarvis, Dennis.  "Austria-00303 – Johann Strauss II Up Close."  Photograph.  Flickr.  Flickr, a Yahoo Company, 3 June 2013.  Web.  12 Oct. 2015.  CC BY-SA 2.0

Portrait of Richard Hol by Johannes Jacobus Mesker, 1884. [ 1 ]

Richard Hol (1825 – 1904) — Dutch Composer, Conductor, Pianist – Romantic Period


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Gouwenaar.  "Portrait of Richard Hol by Johannes Jacobus Mesker, 1884."  Photograph.  Commons Wikimedia.  Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 10 Aug. 2009.  Web. 14 Oct. 2015.  Public Domain. 

Joseph Brodmann patented the three-ply soundboard, which served to facilitate increased string tension.

Eduard Hanslick (1825 – 1904) — Austrian Music Critic, Aesthetician, Historian

  • Taught ‘history and aesthetics of music’ at the University of Vienna.
  • Among his many writings, The Beautiful in Music (Vom Musikalisch-Schönen) (1854), about the aesthetics in music, was his most famous works.
  • Critical of Wagner and the New German School.

Portrait of Eduard Hanslick by Rudolf Krziwanek. [ 1 ]


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H., Martin.  "Portrait of Eduard Hanslick by Rudolf Krziwanek."  Lithograph.  Original in Austrian National Library, Picture Archive Austria, Wien.  Commons Wikimedia.  Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 27 Feb. 2011.  Web.  12 Oct. 2015.  Public Domain. 

Portrait of Stephen Foster,
19th C. [ 1 ]

Stephen Foster (1826 – 1864) — American Songwriter (Considered the father of American Popular Music) – Romantic Period


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TUF-KAT.  "Portrait of Stephen Foster, 19th C."  Photograph.  Commons Wikimedia.  Wikimedia foundation, Inc., 26 Sept. 2005.  Web.  12 Oct. 2015.  Public Domain. 

Bösendorfer Logo. [ 1 ]

Joseph Brodmann retires, selling his workshop to Ignaz Bösendorfer (1794 – 1859), a former apprentice, establishing Bösendorfer Piano Company to preserve the original inspiration and character of the Viennese instrument.


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Gaspard.  File Upload Bot.  "Bösendorfer Logo."  Digital Art.  Commons Wikimedia.  Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 3 June. 2011.  Web.  5 Feb. 2016.  Public Domain. 
Page 12 of 28 pages

[ CLOSE ]
 

Additional References:
  • Mastehead Image: O’Donnell, Dylan.  "Piano Strings."  Photograph.  Deography.  Dylan O’Donnell, 1 Nov. 2010.  Web.  18 June 2015.  Public Domain.
  • Mandalatrece, Jim Doney.  "History of an Ascended Master, His Connection with Essenes, and The Secrecy of The Kanon."  ThaKanon.  Jim Doney Mandalatrece, n.d.  Web.  18 June 2015.
  • Blaise, Gary.  "The Early String Keyboards."  Gary Blaise.  Gary Blaise Early Keyboard Instruments, n.d.  Web.  18 June 2015.
  • "History of Classical Music."  Naxos.  Naxos Digital Services Ltd., n.d.  Web.  18 June 2015.
  • "History of the Piano."  Piano Technicians Guild.  Piano Technicians Guild, Inc. n.d.  Web.  18 June 2015.
  • "Development of the Piano."  Bluebook of Piano.  Bluebook of Pianos, 1933 – 2015.  18 June 2015.
  • Estrella, Steven G.  "Stylistic Timeline of Music History."  Steven Estrella.  Steven G. Estrella, 2013.  Web.  18 June 2015.
  • "The History of Graphical Music Notation."  Block Museum.  Mary and Leigh Block Museum of Art, n.d.  Web.  18 June 2015.
  • "The Piano Time Line: A Chronological History."  Concert Pitch Piano.  Concert Pitch Piano Services, 2000 – 2015.  Web.  18 June. 2015.
  • "History of the Piano."  Piano Tuners.  The UK Piano Pages, 1996 – 2015.  Web.  18 June. 2015.
  • Weinstock, Ron.  "A Personal List of Ten Great Blues Pianists."  In a Blue Mood.  In a Blue Mood, 25 Sept. 2009.  Web.  18 June 2015.
  • "Romantic Music."  Essential Humanities.  Essential Humanities, 2008 – 2013.  Web.  19 June 2015.
  • "List of Romantic-Era Composers."  Wikipedia.  Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. 15 Sept. 2015.  Web.  18 Sept. 2015.
  • Duchen, Jessica.  "Top 20: The World’s Greatest Pianists."  Sinfini Music.  Sinfini Music, 23 April 2014.  Web.  18 June 2015.
  • Solomon, Jon.  "The Ten Best Jazz Pianists of All Time."  Westword.  Denver Westword, LLC., 27 Aug. 2013.  18 June 2015.
  • Sturm, Connie Arrau, Debra Brubaker Burs, and Anita Jackson, eds.  "Annotated Bibliography of Sources on the History of Piano Technique and Piano Pedagogy."  Piano Technique.  Piano Technique.Net, n.d.  Web.  18 June 2015.
  • Groves Music Online for Music Research.  Oxford Music Online.  Oxford University Press, 2007 – 2015.  Web.  June – December 2015.
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