Mireut. "Jonas Chickering Engraved Nameboard Plaque, c. 1828 - 1830." Traced from an Engraving. Commons Wikimedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 24 Jan. 2009. Web. 12 Oct. 2015. Public Domain.
"Chickering & Sons." Antique Piano Shop. Antique Piano Shop, n.d. Web. 17 Sept 2015.
Kuntz, Ed. "A Short History of the Chickering Piano Co." Calgary Community Network Assoc. Calgary Community Network Assoc., n.d. Web. 17 Sept. 2015.
Dolge, Alfred. Pianos and Their Makers: A Comprehensive History of the Development of the Piano from the Monochord to the Concert Grand Player Piano, Volume 1. Covina: Covina Publishing Company, 1911. Google Books. Web. 17 Sept. 2015.
Book Cover of Dr. Adolph Kullak's Die Asthetik des Klavierspiels, 1905. [ 1 ]
Adolph Kullak (1823 – 1862) — Polish Music Critic (Brother of Theodor Kullak)
Co-Editor of Berliner Musik-Zeitung.
Taught at his brother’s school Neue Akademie der Tonkunst.
Among his writings is The Aesthetics of Pianoforte Playing (Die Ästhetik des Klavierspiels ) (1860/1861), which covers piano technique and musical expression and “… was arguably the most widely read and influential book on piano teaching and playing of the nineteenth century…” [ 2 ]
Another work The Art of the Touch: A Work for the Use of Advanced Players and a Guide for Teaching Pianoforte (1855) is highly revered.
Kullak, Adolf, and Walter Niemann, and uploaded by WhitneyYoung. Die Asthetik des Klavierspiels. Book Cover. Leipzig: C.F. Kahnt, 1905. Open Library.Org. Internet Archive, 9 April 2012. Web. 12 Oct. 2015. No Known Copyright Restrictions.
Sutcliffe, W. Dean, ed. Haydn Studies. New York: Cambridge University Press, 1998 (digital, 2006). Google Books. Web. 17 Sept. 2014.
Millar, Andrew Peter. "Adolph Kullak’s “Die Asthetik des Klavierspiels” and the Emergence of Modern Piano Technique by the Late Nineteenth Century [microform]." National Library of Australia. National Library of Australia, 2004. Web. 17, Sept. 2015.
Palmieri, Robert, ed. The Piano: An Encyclopedia. 2nd Edition. New York: Routledge, June 1, 2004. Google Books. Web. 14 Sept. 2015.
H., Martin. "Portrait of Eduard Hanslick by Rudolf Krziwanek." Lithograph. Original in Austrian National Library, Picture Archive Austria, Wien. Commons Wikimedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 27 Feb. 2011. Web. 12 Oct. 2015. Public Domain.
Portrait of Stephen Foster,
19th C. [ 1 ]
Stephen Foster (1826 – 1864) — American Songwriter (Considered the father of American Popular Music) – Romantic Period
TUF-KAT. "Portrait of Stephen Foster, 19th C." Photograph. Commons Wikimedia. Wikimedia foundation, Inc., 26 Sept. 2005. Web. 12 Oct. 2015. Public Domain.
Bösendorfer Logo. [ 1 ]
Joseph Brodmann retires, selling his workshop to Ignaz Bösendorfer (1794 – 1859), a former apprentice, establishing Bösendorfer Piano Company to preserve the original inspiration and character of the Viennese instrument.
"List of Romantic-Era Composers." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. 15 Sept. 2015. Web. 18 Sept. 2015.
Duchen, Jessica. "Top 20: The World’s Greatest Pianists." Sinfini Music. Sinfini Music, 23 April 2014. Web. 18 June 2015.
Solomon, Jon. "The Ten Best Jazz Pianists of All Time." Westword. Denver Westword, LLC., 27 Aug. 2013. 18 June 2015.
Sturm, Connie Arrau, Debra Brubaker Burs, and Anita Jackson, eds. "Annotated Bibliography of Sources on the History of Piano Technique and Piano Pedagogy." Piano Technique. Piano Technique.Net, n.d. Web. 18 June 2015.
Groves Music Online for Music Research. Oxford Music Online. Oxford University Press, 2007 – 2015. Web. June – December 2015.