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MUSIC THROUGH THE AGES

Development Of The Piano: A Timeline
Tracing the roots of the piano to the very beginning of consciousness,
when man first became aware of sound.
Page 22 of 28 pages

Count Basie from the Film Rhythm and Blues Revue by Joseph Kohn, and Leonard Reed, 1955. [ 1 ]

Count Basie (1904 – 1984) — American Jazz Pianist, Bandleader – 20th Century Period (Big Band/Swing Jazz)


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Kohn, Joseph, and Leonard Reed and uploaded by A/V Geeks.  “Screenshot of Count Basie from the Film Rhythm and Blues Revue, 1955."  Screenshot.  Archive.Org.  Internet Archive, 7 Oct. 2004.  Web.  14 Feb. 2016.   No Known Copyright Restrictions.

Pete Johnson Seated at the Piano 
by William P. Gottlieb, c.1946. [ 1 ]

Pete Johnson (1904 – 1967) — American Boogie-Woogie Pianist


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Gottlieb, William PPortrait of Pete Johnson, Café Society (Downtown)(?), New York, N.Y., c. Aug 1946.  C. 1946.  Library of Congress Music Division, Washington, D.C.,  Part of William P. Gottlieb Collection.  LOC.Gov.  Library of Congress, n.d.  Web.  4 Nov. 2015.  Public Domain.

Frances Clark (1905 – 1998) — American Piano Pedagogue

  • AB degree from Kalamazoo College with graduate studies in music from University of Michigan, The Juilliard School, the Paris Conservatory, and the American Academy at Fontainebleau.
  • Trained under Nadia Bulanger and Isidor Philipp in Paris, and Ernest Hutcheson and Guy Maier from Julliard.
  • Started the first four-year piano pedagogy degree program in the United States at Kalamazoo College (Louise Gross was a student of the first class).
  • Along with Louise Goss, Clark was director of piano and piano pedagogy program at Westminster Choir College in New Jersey.
  • Co-founded (along with Louise Goss) The New School for Music Study in Princeton.
  • Pioneer of group piano teaching. Wrote Questions and Answers (1992) describing her philosophical approaches to group piano lessons.
  • The mission statement of The Frances Clark Center for Keyboard Pedagogy reads in part “to extend the influence of her [Francis Clark] inclusive and revolutionary philosophy of music education at the keyboard.” [ 2 ]

Frances Clark's Questions and Answers: Practical Advice for Piano Teachers, 1992. [ 1 ]


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Clark, Frances.  Questions and Answers: Practical Advice for Piano Teachers.  Northfield: The Instrumentalist Company, 1992.  Scan of Book Cover.  Print.  15 Feb. 2016.  No Known Copyright Restrictions.
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"Mission Statement."  Keyboard Pedagogy.  The Frances Clark Center for Keyboard Pedagogy, n.d.  Web.  17 Sept. 2015.
Additional References:
  • Kreader, Barbara.  "In Memorium Frances Clark 1905 – 1998."  Clavier Companion.  The Piano Magazine Clavier Companion, Winter 1998.  Web.  17 Sept. 2015.
  • Baker-Jordan, Martha, Dr.  Practical Piano Pedagogy: The Definitive Text for Piano Teachers and Pedagogy Students.  Warner Bros. Publications, 2003, 2004.  Google Books.  Web.  17 Sept. 2015.

Photograph of Dmitri Shostakovich 
by Roger Rössing and Renate Rössing, 1950. [ 1 ]

Dmitri Shostakovich (1906 – 1975) — Russian Composer, Pianist – 20th Century Period


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Rössing, Roger, and Renate Rössing and uploaded by FotothekBot.  Dmitri Shostakovich in the Audience at the Bach Celebration.  28 July 1950.  Deutsche Fotothek, Saxon State Library and State and University Library (SLUB), Dresden, Germany as part of a Cooperation Project.  Commons Wikimedia.  Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 16 April 2009.  Web. 14 Feb. 2016.  CC BY-SA 3.0 DE.

Little Brother Montgomery (1906 – 1985) — American Blues Pianist, Singer, Bandleader

 

Little Brother Montgomery Vicksburg Blues – Chicago, 1976. [ 1 ]

 


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RawBluesTV.   "Little Brother Montgomery – Vicksburg Blues – Chicago (1976)."  Online Video Clip.  YouTube.  YouTube, 27 Aug. 2010.  Web.  4 Nov. 2015.  Standard YouTube License.

Roosevelt Sykes (1906 – 1983) — American Blues Pianist, Singer

 

Jazz Films Presents: Roosevelt Sykes. [ 1 ]

 


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Nastya Jiva.  "Masters of the Country Blues: Big Bill Broonzy & Roosevelt Skyes Part 1."  Online Video Clip.  YouTube.  YouTube, 10 April 2013.  Web.  4 Nov. 2015.  Standard YouTube License.

Portrait of Art Tatum
by William P. Gottlieb, c. 1946. [ 1 ]

Art Tatum, Jr. (1909 – 1956) — American Jazz Pianist (Stride, Swing, Boogie-Woogie Jazz)


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Gottlieb, William PPortrait of Art Tatum, Rochester, N.Y. (?) c. 1946.  C. 1946.  Library of Congress Music Division, Washington, D.C., Part of William P. Gottlieb Collection.  LOC.Gov.  Library of Congress, n.d.  Web.  4 Nov. 2015.  Public Domain.

Soulima Stravinsky's 'Dubussy, Chabrier & Ravel: Works for Piano (Live), 1996. [ 1 ]

Soulima Stravinsky (1910 – 1994) — Swiss Composer, Classical Pianist (Son of Igor Stravinsky) – 20th Century period


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iClassical Com.  "Debussy Chabier and Ravel Works for Piano – Live Soulima Stravinsky Centaur Records Inc."  Scan of an Album Cover.  Flickr.  Flickr, a Yahoo Company, 24 April 2015.  CC BY 2.0.

Portrait of John Cage
by Rob/Anefo Bogaerts, 1988. [ 1 ]

John Cage (1912 – 1992) — American Avant Garde Composer, Pianist – 20th Century period


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Tekstman.  “John Cage by Rob/Anefo Bogaerts, 23 June 1988."  Photograph.  Original in Nationaal Archief – National Archives of the Netherlands, The Hague.  Commons Wikimedia.  Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., 13 June 2015.  Web. 28 Sept. 2015.  National Archief, Spaarnestad Photo, and CC BY-SA 3.0 NL

Portrait of Camille Howard. [ 1 ]

Camille Howard (1914 – 1993) — American Blues Pianist, Singer


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Sliptrail.  "Camille Howard – Business Woman."  Online Video Still.  YouTube.  YouTube, 12 Jan. 2015.  Web.  14 Feb. 2016.  Standard YouTube License.
Page 22 of 28 pages

[ CLOSE ]
 

Additional References:
  • Mastehead Image: O’Donnell, Dylan.  "Piano Strings."  Photograph.  Deography.  Dylan O’Donnell, 1 Nov. 2010.  Web.  18 June 2015.  Public Domain.
  • Mandalatrece, Jim Doney.  "History of an Ascended Master, His Connection with Essenes, and The Secrecy of The Kanon."  ThaKanon.  Jim Doney Mandalatrece, n.d.  Web.  18 June 2015.
  • Blaise, Gary.  "The Early String Keyboards."  Gary Blaise.  Gary Blaise Early Keyboard Instruments, n.d.  Web.  18 June 2015.
  • "History of Classical Music."  Naxos.  Naxos Digital Services Ltd., n.d.  Web.  18 June 2015.
  • "History of the Piano."  Piano Technicians Guild.  Piano Technicians Guild, Inc. n.d.  Web.  18 June 2015.
  • "Development of the Piano."  Bluebook of Piano.  Bluebook of Pianos, 1933 – 2015.  18 June 2015.
  • Estrella, Steven G.  "Stylistic Timeline of Music History."  Steven Estrella.  Steven G. Estrella, 2013.  Web.  18 June 2015.
  • "The History of Graphical Music Notation."  Block Museum.  Mary and Leigh Block Museum of Art, n.d.  Web.  18 June 2015.
  • "The Piano Time Line: A Chronological History."  Concert Pitch Piano.  Concert Pitch Piano Services, 2000 – 2015.  Web.  18 June. 2015.
  • "History of the Piano."  Piano Tuners.  The UK Piano Pages, 1996 – 2015.  Web.  18 June. 2015.
  • Weinstock, Ron.  "A Personal List of Ten Great Blues Pianists."  In a Blue Mood.  In a Blue Mood, 25 Sept. 2009.  Web.  18 June 2015.
  • "Romantic Music."  Essential Humanities.  Essential Humanities, 2008 – 2013.  Web.  19 June 2015.
  • "List of Romantic-Era Composers."  Wikipedia.  Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. 15 Sept. 2015.  Web.  18 Sept. 2015.
  • Duchen, Jessica.  "Top 20: The World’s Greatest Pianists."  Sinfini Music.  Sinfini Music, 23 April 2014.  Web.  18 June 2015.
  • Solomon, Jon.  "The Ten Best Jazz Pianists of All Time."  Westword.  Denver Westword, LLC., 27 Aug. 2013.  18 June 2015.
  • Sturm, Connie Arrau, Debra Brubaker Burs, and Anita Jackson, eds.  "Annotated Bibliography of Sources on the History of Piano Technique and Piano Pedagogy."  Piano Technique.  Piano Technique.Net, n.d.  Web.  18 June 2015.
  • Groves Music Online for Music Research.  Oxford Music Online.  Oxford University Press, 2007 – 2015.  Web.  June – December 2015.
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Houston, TX 77008


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Store Hours:
Mon-Sat 10AM to 6PM
Sunday 1PM to 5PM

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