Johann Christoph Zumpe's Square Piano, c. 1776. [ 1 ]
The “twelve apostles’ arrive in England, men from Gottfried Silbermann’s workshop, which had closed because of the Seven Year’s War. This marked the beginning of England’s role in the development of the piano, with Johannes Zumpe creating smaller, compact square pianos (the first appearing c. 1766). A few instruments survive the period, despite their immediate popularity.